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Gepubliceerd in: Journal of Youth and Adolescence 2/2020

24-12-2019 | Empirical Research

Maturation beyond Age: Interrelationships among Psychosocial, Adult Role, and Identity Maturation and their Implications for Desistance from Crime

Auteurs: Evan McCuish, Patrick Lussier, Michael Rocque

Gepubliceerd in: Journal of Youth and Adolescence | Uitgave 2/2020

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Abstract

The integrated maturation theory describes psychosocial, adult role, and identity maturation as interrelated domains associated with criminal desistance, but to this point these domains have not been examined simultaneously, which raises questions about the relative importance of each domain to desistance. The aims of the current study were to unravel the development of maturation by examining interrelationships across components of psychosocial, adult role, and identity domains while also clarifying which components were related to desistance. Data were used from the Pathways to Desistance Study on male (n= 1170) and female (n= 184) youth with a history of offending. Participants were an average age of 14.04 (SD= 1.14) at baseline and were followed for seven years. Network modeling examined, from between-subjects and within-individual perspectives, (a) relationships among repeated measures of psychosocial, adult role, and identity maturation components and (b) relationships between these components and offending. Based on centrality indexes from the between-subjects network, responsibility (psychosocial domain), work orientation (adult role domain), and self identity (identity domain) were most important to the development of maturation. After accounting for interrelationships among maturation components, measures of consideration of others (adult role domain) and moral disengagement (identity domain) related to both lower levels of offending and within-individual declines in offending. The findings supported the integrated maturation theory’s description of maturation as comprised of a wide range of interrelated components across different domains that are important to desistance.

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The current study did not use this same approach for the maturation components because these measures were not defined by counts of behaviors and thus shorter recall periods did not impact comparisons across waves. After converting the baseline indicator of the number of times each self-reported offending behavior was perpetrated in the last year into an indicator of versatility, all models were identical except for an additional significant association in the contemporaneous network between offending and resistance to peer influence.
 
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Metagegevens
Titel
Maturation beyond Age: Interrelationships among Psychosocial, Adult Role, and Identity Maturation and their Implications for Desistance from Crime
Auteurs
Evan McCuish
Patrick Lussier
Michael Rocque
Publicatiedatum
24-12-2019
Uitgeverij
Springer US
Gepubliceerd in
Journal of Youth and Adolescence / Uitgave 2/2020
Print ISSN: 0047-2891
Elektronisch ISSN: 1573-6601
DOI
https://doi.org/10.1007/s10964-019-01178-w