Swipe om te navigeren naar een ander artikel
Considerable animal research and available human studies suggest that psychological distress experienced by mothers during gestation is associated with later neurodevelopmental deficits in offspring; however, little research has examined potential protective factors that might mitigate this risk. The current study examined the impact of maternal prenatal psychological distress during pregnancy on cognitive outcomes in preschoolers (ages 2.5–5 years) and positive parenting as a potential protective factor. Mother-child dyads (N = 162, mean child age = 44 months, 49 % female) were recruited from a longitudinal cohort of women who had previously participated in a study of maternal mood disorders during pregnancy. Maternal prenatal distress was assessed with multiple measures collected throughout pregnancy. During a follow-up visit, mothers were interviewed about their psychological symptoms since the birth of the child, parenting behaviors were recorded during a parent-child interaction, and children’s cognitive abilities were measured using the Differential Ability Scales, 2nd Edition. Maternal prenatal distress significantly predicted lower general cognitive abilities; however, this relationship was strongest for children whose mothers exhibited low levels of positive engagement and not significant when mothers exhibited high levels of positive engagement. Results suggest that positive parental engagement can protect against the detrimental effects of maternal prenatal distress on preschoolers’ cognitive abilities.
Log in om toegang te krijgen
Met onderstaand(e) abonnement(en) heeft u direct toegang:
Aiken, L. S., & West, S. G. (1991). Multiple regression: Testing and interpreting interactions. Thousand Oaks: California Sage.
Arbuckle, J. L. (2008). Amos 17 user’s guide. Chicago: SPSS, Inc.
Barker, D., Godfrey, K., Gluckman, P., Harding, J., Owens, J., & Robinson, J. (1993). Fetal nutrition and cardiovascular disease in adult life. The Lancet, 341, 938–941. CrossRef
Beck, A. T., Steer, R. A., & Brown, G. K. (1997). Beck depression inventory (2nd ed.). San Antonio: The Psychological Corporation.
Busner, J., & Targum, S. D. (2007). The clinical global impressions scale: applying a research tool in clinical practice. Psychiatry (Edgmont), 4, 28–37.
Buss, C., Davis, E. P., Muftuler, L. T., Head, K., & Sandman, C. A. (2010). High pregnancy anxiety during mid-gestation is associated with decreased gray matter density in 6-9-year-old children. Psychoneuroendocrinology, 35, 141–153. doi: 10.1016/j.psyneuen.2009.07.010. CrossRefPubMedPubMedCentral
Buss, C., Davis, E. P., Shahbaba, B., Pruessner, J. C., Head, K., & Sandman, C. A. (2012). PNAS plus: maternal cortisol over the course of pregnancy and subsequent child amygdala and hippocampus volumes and affective problems. Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences, 109, E1312–E1319. doi: 10.1073/pnas.1201295109. CrossRef
Campbell, F. A., Pungello, E. P., Miller-Johnson, S., Burchinal, M., & Ramey, C. T. (2001). The development of cognitive and academic abilities: growth curves from an early childhood educational experiment. Developmental Psychology, 37, 231–242. doi: 10.1037//0012-1622.214.171.124. CrossRefPubMed
Cole, P., Martin, S. E., & Dennis, T. A. (2004). Emotion regulation as a scientific construct: methodological challenges and directions for child development research. Child Development, 75, 317–333. doi: 10.2307/3696638?ref=search-gateway:da1238b8f94bd13f0bd856794828f99b. CrossRefPubMed
Davies, D. (2011). Child development: A practitioner’s guide (3rd ed.). New York: The Guilford Press.
Davis, E. P., Glynn, L. M., Schetter, C. D., Hobel, C., Chicz-Demet, A., & Sandman, C. A. (2007). Prenatal exposure to maternal depression and cortisol influences infant temperament. Journal of the American Academy of Child and Adolescent Psychiatry, 46, 737–746. doi: 10.1097/chi.0b013e318047b775. CrossRefPubMed
Dipietro, J. A., Costigan, K. A., & Sipsma, H. L. (2008). Continuity in self-report measures of maternal anxiety, stress, and depressive symptoms from pregnancy through two years postpartum. Journal of Psychosomatic Obstetrics and Gynecology, 29, 115–124. doi: 10.1080/01674820701701546. CrossRefPubMed
Elliott, C. D. (1990). Differential ability scales (2nd ed.). San Antonio: Pearson.
Eyberg, S., Nelson, M., Duke, M., & Boggs, S. (2004). Manual for the dyadic parent-child interaction coding system (3rd Edition).
Feldman, R., Granat, A., Pariente, C., Kanety, H., Kuint, J., & Gilboa-Schechtman, E. (2009). Maternal depression and anxiety across the postpartum year and infant social engagement, fear regulation, and stress reactivity. Journal of the American Academy of Child and Adolescent Psychiatry, 48, 919–927. doi: 10.1097/CHI.0b013e3181b21651. CrossRefPubMed
First, M. B., Spitzer, R. L., Gibbon, M., & Williams, J. B. (2002). Structured clinical interview for DSM-IV axis I disorders - patient edition. New York: New York State Psychiatric Institute.
Fitzmaurice, G. M., Laird, N. M., & Ware, J. H. (2012). Applied longitudinal analysis (Vol. 998). Hoboken: Wiley.
Goodman, S. H., & Tully, E. C. (2008). Recurrence of depression during pregnancy: psychosocial and personal functioning correlates. Depression and Anxiety, 26, 557–567. doi: 10.1002/da.20421.
Gottman, M. J., Katz, L. F., & Hooven, C. (Eds.). (1997). Meta-emotion: How families communicate emotionally. Mahwah: Erlbaum.
Guy, W. (1976). ECDEU assessment manual for psychopharmacology. Rockville: National Institute of Mental Health.
Hamilton, M. (1960). A rating scale for depression. Journal of Neurology, Neurosurgery & Psychiatry, 23, 56–62. CrossRef
Hollingshead, A. B. (1975). Four factor index of social status. New Haven: Yale University Press.
Kline, R. B. (2011). Principles and practice of structured equation modeling (3rd ed.). New York: The Guilford Press.
Kotchick, B., & Forehand, R. (2002). Putting parenting in perspective: a discussion of the contextual factors that shape parenting practices. Journal of Child and Family Studies, 11, 255–269. CrossRef
Laplante, D. P., Barr, R. G., Brunet, A., Du Fort, G. G., Meaney, M. L., Saucier, J.-F., Zelazo, P. R., & King, S. (2004). Stress during pregnancy affects general intellectual and language functioning in human toddlers. Pediatric Research, 56, 400–410. doi: 10.1203/01.PDR.0000136281.34035.44. CrossRefPubMed
Laplante, D. P., Brunet, A., Schmitz, N., Ciampi, A., & King, S. (2008). Project ice storm: prenatal maternal stress affects cognitive and linguistic functioning in 5½-year-old-children. Journal of the American Academy of Child and Adolescent Psychiatry, 47, 1063–1072. doi: 10.1097/CHI.0b013e31817eec80. CrossRefPubMed
Maccari, S., Piazza, P., Kabbaj, M., Barbazanges, A., Simon, H., & Le Moal, M. (1995). Adoption reverses the long-term impairment in glucocorticoid feedback induced by prenatal stress. The Journal of Neuroscience, 15, 110. PubMed
NICHD Early Child Care Research Network. (1999). Chronicity of maternal depressive symptoms, maternal sensitivity, and child functioning at 36 months. Developmental Psychology, 35, 1297–1310. CrossRef
Nulman, I., Rovet, J., Stewart, D. E., Wolpin, J., Pace-Asciak, P., Shuhaiber, S., & Koren, G. (2002). Child development following exposure to tricyclic antidepressants or fluoxetine throughout fetal life: a prospective, controlled study. The American Journal of Psychiatry, 159, 1889–1895. CrossRefPubMed
O’Connor, T., Heron, J., Glover, V., & Alspac Study Team. (2002). Antenatal anxiety predicts child behavioral/emotional problems independently of postnatal depression. Journal of the American Academy of Child and Adolescent Psychiatry, 41, 1470–1477. doi: 10.1097/00004583-200212000-00019. CrossRefPubMed
Pesonen, A., Raikkonen, K., Strandberg, T., & Jarvenpaa, A. (2005). Continuity of maternal stress from the pre-to the postnatal period: associations with infant’s positive, negative and overall temperamental reactivity. Infant Behavior & Development, 28, 36–47. CrossRef
Rini, C. K., Dunkel-Schetter, C., Wadhwa, P. D., & Sandman, C. A. (1999). Psychological adaptation and birth outcomes: the role of personal resources, stress, and sociocultural context in pregnancy. Health Psychology: Official Journal of the Division of Health Psychology, American Psychological Association, 18, 333–345. CrossRef
Sandman, C. A., Davis, E. P., Buss, C., & Glynn, L. M. (2011). Exposure to prenatal psychobiological stress exerts programming influences on the mother and her fetus. Neuroendocrinology, 1–14. doi: 10.1159/000327017.
Tarabulsy, G. M., Pearson, J., Vaillancourt-Morel, M.-P., Bussières, E.-L., Madigan, S., Lemelin, J.-P., et al. (2014). Meta-analytic findings of the relation between maternal prenatal stress and anxiety and child cognitive outcome. Journal of Developmental and Behavioral Pediatrics, 35, 38–43. doi: 10.1097/DBP.0000000000000003. CrossRefPubMed
Vallée, M., Maccari, S., Dellu, F., Simon, H., Le Moal, M., & Mayo, W. (1999). Long-term effects of prenatal stress and postnatal handling on age-related glucocorticoid secretion and cognitive performance: a longitudinal study in the rat. European Journal of Neuroscience, 11, 2906–2916. CrossRefPubMed
- Maternal Prenatal Psychological Distress and Preschool Cognitive Functioning: the Protective Role of Positive Parental Engagement
Julia C. Schechter
Patricia A. Brennan
Alicia K. Smith
Zachary N. Stowe
D. Jeffrey Newport
Katrina C. Johnson
- Springer US