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31-01-2020 | Uitgave 6/2020 Open Access

Journal of Behavioral Medicine 6/2020

Maternal practices and perceptions of child body mass status explain child energy expenditure behaviors and body mass

Tijdschrift:
Journal of Behavioral Medicine > Uitgave 6/2020
Auteurs:
Monika Boberska, Karolina Zarychta, Nina Knoll, Jan Keller, Diana Hilda Hohl, Karolina Horodyska, Magdalena Kruk, Aleksandra Luszczynska
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The online version of this article (https://​doi.​org/​10.​1007/​s10865-020-00138-1) contains supplementary material, which is available to authorized users.

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Abstract

This study investigated whether maternal perceptions of child body mass status would predict child body mass index (BMI) z-score via two sets of sequential mediators: (1) four maternal practices promoting child energy expenditure and (2) children’s energy expenditure behaviors. The data of N = 729 mother–child dyads were collected at baseline [T1; n = 495 at 7- to 8-month follow-up (T2)]. Mothers reported perceptions of child body mass status and maternal practices (T1); children reported sedentary screen use and physical activity (T1, T2). Child body mass was assessed objectively (T1, T2). Higher stimulation to be active (T1) was related to a lower child BMI z-score (T2) via higher levels of child physical activity (T2). Higher levels of monitoring of screen use (T1) were associated with higher child BMI z-score (T2) via lower levels of child physical activity (T2). Encouraging parents to stimulate their children to be active may be beneficial for children’s weight maintenance.

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