Skip to main content
main-content
Top

Tip

Swipe om te navigeren naar een ander artikel

Gepubliceerd in: Journal of Child and Family Studies 5/2010

01-10-2010 | Original Paper

Maternal Parenting Behaviors and Coping in African American Children: The Influence of Gender and Stress

Auteurs: Noni K. Gaylord-Harden, Cynthya L. Campbell, Christine M. Kesselring

Gepubliceerd in: Journal of Child and Family Studies | Uitgave 5/2010

Log in om toegang te krijgen
share
DELEN

Deel dit onderdeel of sectie (kopieer de link)

  • Optie A:
    Klik op de rechtermuisknop op de link en selecteer de optie “linkadres kopiëren”
  • Optie B:
    Deel de link per e-mail

Abstract

We examined the effects of maternal parenting behavior on coping strategies in 200 low-income, African American children (mean age = 10.41) and the role of child gender and economic stress on these effects. Participants completed measures of perceived economic stressors, coping strategies and perceptions of mothers’ parenting behaviors. Regression analyses demonstrated a main effect for maternal support on active coping and support-seeking coping. For boys, hierarchical regression analyses revealed that maternal support and economic stressors interacted to predict active and support-seeking coping. For girls, there was a significant interaction between maternal psychological control and economic stressors in the prediction of avoidant coping. Our results add to the literature on the effects of parent–child relationships on children’s responses to stress.
Literatuur
go back to reference Ainsworth, M. D. S., Blehar, M. C., Waters, E., & Wall, S. (1978). Patterns of attachment: A psychological study of the strange situation. Hillsdale, N.J.: Erlbaum. Ainsworth, M. D. S., Blehar, M. C., Waters, E., & Wall, S. (1978). Patterns of attachment: A psychological study of the strange situation. Hillsdale, N.J.: Erlbaum.
go back to reference Ayers, T. S., Sandler, I. N., West, S. G., & Roosa, M. W. (1996). A dispositional and situational assessment of children’s coping: Testing alternative models of coping. Journal of Personality, 64, 923–958. CrossRefPubMed Ayers, T. S., Sandler, I. N., West, S. G., & Roosa, M. W. (1996). A dispositional and situational assessment of children’s coping: Testing alternative models of coping. Journal of Personality, 64, 923–958. CrossRefPubMed
go back to reference Bean, R. A., Barber, B. K., & Crane, D. R. (2006). Parental support, behavioral control, and psychological control among African American youth. Journal of Family Issues, 27, 1335–1355. CrossRef Bean, R. A., Barber, B. K., & Crane, D. R. (2006). Parental support, behavioral control, and psychological control among African American youth. Journal of Family Issues, 27, 1335–1355. CrossRef
go back to reference Bowlby, J. (1969). Attachment and loss: Volume 1: Attachment. New York: Basic Books. Bowlby, J. (1969). Attachment and loss: Volume 1: Attachment. New York: Basic Books.
go back to reference Bronfenbrenner, U. (1979). The ecology of human development. Cambridge, Mass.: Harvard University Press. Bronfenbrenner, U. (1979). The ecology of human development. Cambridge, Mass.: Harvard University Press.
go back to reference Brooks-Gunn, J., & Markman, L. B. (2005). The contribution of parenting to ethnic and racial gaps in school readiness. The Future of Children, 15, 141–168. CrossRef Brooks-Gunn, J., & Markman, L. B. (2005). The contribution of parenting to ethnic and racial gaps in school readiness. The Future of Children, 15, 141–168. CrossRef
go back to reference Chandra, A., & Batada, A. (2006). Exploring stress and coping among urban African American adolescents: The shifting the Lens study. Preventing Chronic Disease [serial online]. Chandra, A., & Batada, A. (2006). Exploring stress and coping among urban African American adolescents: The shifting the Lens study. Preventing Chronic Disease [serial online].
go back to reference Cohen, S., & Wills, T. A. (1985). Stress, social support, and the buffering hypothesis. Psychological Bulletin, 98, 310–357. CrossRefPubMed Cohen, S., & Wills, T. A. (1985). Stress, social support, and the buffering hypothesis. Psychological Bulletin, 98, 310–357. CrossRefPubMed
go back to reference Compas, B. E. (1998). An agenda for coping research and theory: Basic and applied developmental issues. International Journal of Behavioral Development, 22, 231–237. CrossRef Compas, B. E. (1998). An agenda for coping research and theory: Basic and applied developmental issues. International Journal of Behavioral Development, 22, 231–237. CrossRef
go back to reference Compas, B. E., Connor, J. K., Saltzman, H., Thomsen, A. H., & Wadsworth, M. E. (2001). Coping with stress during childhood and adolescence: Problems, progress, and potential in theory and research. Psychological Bulletin, 127, 87–127. CrossRefPubMed Compas, B. E., Connor, J. K., Saltzman, H., Thomsen, A. H., & Wadsworth, M. E. (2001). Coping with stress during childhood and adolescence: Problems, progress, and potential in theory and research. Psychological Bulletin, 127, 87–127. CrossRefPubMed
go back to reference Compas, B. E., Worsham, N. L., & Ey, S. (1992). Conceptual and developmental issues in children’s coping with stress. In A. M. LaGreca, L. J. Siegel, J. L. Wallander, & C. E. Walker (Eds.), Stress and coping in child health (pp. 7–24). New York: Guilford. Compas, B. E., Worsham, N. L., & Ey, S. (1992). Conceptual and developmental issues in children’s coping with stress. In A. M. LaGreca, L. J. Siegel, J. L. Wallander, & C. E. Walker (Eds.), Stress and coping in child health (pp. 7–24). New York: Guilford.
go back to reference Deater-Deckard, K., Bates, J. E., Dodge, K. A., & Pettit, G. S. (1996). Physical discipline among African American and European American mothers: Links to children’s externalizing behaviors. Developmental Psychology, 32, 1065–1072. CrossRef Deater-Deckard, K., Bates, J. E., Dodge, K. A., & Pettit, G. S. (1996). Physical discipline among African American and European American mothers: Links to children’s externalizing behaviors. Developmental Psychology, 32, 1065–1072. CrossRef
go back to reference Eagly, A. H., Wood, W., & Diekman, A. B. (2000). Social role theory of sex differences and similarities: A current appraisal. In T. Eckes & H. Trautner (Eds.), The developmental social psychology of gender (pp. 123–174). Mahwah, NJ: Erlbaum. Eagly, A. H., Wood, W., & Diekman, A. B. (2000). Social role theory of sex differences and similarities: A current appraisal. In T. Eckes & H. Trautner (Eds.), The developmental social psychology of gender (pp. 123–174). Mahwah, NJ: Erlbaum.
go back to reference Fields, L. A., & Prinz, R. J. (1997). Coping and adjustment during childhood and adolescence. Clinical Psychology Review, 17, 937–976. CrossRefPubMed Fields, L. A., & Prinz, R. J. (1997). Coping and adjustment during childhood and adolescence. Clinical Psychology Review, 17, 937–976. CrossRefPubMed
go back to reference Gaylord-Harden, N. K., Gipson, P., Mance, G., & Grant, K. (2008). Coping patterns of African American adolescents: A confirmatory factor analysis and cluster analysis of the children’s coping strategies checklist. Psychological Assessment, 20, 10–22. CrossRefPubMed Gaylord-Harden, N. K., Gipson, P., Mance, G., & Grant, K. (2008). Coping patterns of African American adolescents: A confirmatory factor analysis and cluster analysis of the children’s coping strategies checklist. Psychological Assessment, 20, 10–22. CrossRefPubMed
go back to reference Gaylord-Harden, N. K., Taylor, J., Campbell, C. L., Kesselring, C., & Grant, K. (2009). Maternal attachment and depressive symptoms in urban adolescents: The influence of coping strategies and gender. Journal of Clinical Child and Adolescent Psychology, 38, 684–695. CrossRefPubMed Gaylord-Harden, N. K., Taylor, J., Campbell, C. L., Kesselring, C., & Grant, K. (2009). Maternal attachment and depressive symptoms in urban adolescents: The influence of coping strategies and gender. Journal of Clinical Child and Adolescent Psychology, 38, 684–695. CrossRefPubMed
go back to reference Giordano, C., Cernkovich, S., & DeMaris, A. (1993). The family and peer relations of black adolescents. Journal of Marriage and the Family, 55, 277–287. CrossRef Giordano, C., Cernkovich, S., & DeMaris, A. (1993). The family and peer relations of black adolescents. Journal of Marriage and the Family, 55, 277–287. CrossRef
go back to reference Gorman-Smith, D., Tolan, P. H., & Henry, D. (1999). The relation of community and family to risk among urban- poor adolescents. In P. Cohen & C. Slomkowski (Eds.), Historical and geographical influences on psychopathology (pp. 349–367). Mahwah, NJ: Lawrence Erlbaum Associates. Gorman-Smith, D., Tolan, P. H., & Henry, D. (1999). The relation of community and family to risk among urban- poor adolescents. In P. Cohen & C. Slomkowski (Eds.), Historical and geographical influences on psychopathology (pp. 349–367). Mahwah, NJ: Lawrence Erlbaum Associates.
go back to reference Hammack, P. L., Richards, M. L., Luo, Z., Edlynn, E. S., & Roy, K. (2004). Social support factors as moderators of community violence exposure among inner-city African American young adolescents. Journal of Clinical Child and Adolescent Psychology, 33, 450–462. CrossRefPubMed Hammack, P. L., Richards, M. L., Luo, Z., Edlynn, E. S., & Roy, K. (2004). Social support factors as moderators of community violence exposure among inner-city African American young adolescents. Journal of Clinical Child and Adolescent Psychology, 33, 450–462. CrossRefPubMed
go back to reference Hardy, D. F., Power, T. G., & Jaedicke, S. (1993). Examining the relation of parenting to children’s coping with everyday stress. Child Development, 64, 1829–1841. CrossRefPubMed Hardy, D. F., Power, T. G., & Jaedicke, S. (1993). Examining the relation of parenting to children’s coping with everyday stress. Child Development, 64, 1829–1841. CrossRefPubMed
go back to reference Herman, M. A., & McHale, S. M. (1993). Coping with parental negativity: Links with parental warmth and child adjustment. Journal of Applied Developmental Psychology, 14, 121–136. CrossRef Herman, M. A., & McHale, S. M. (1993). Coping with parental negativity: Links with parental warmth and child adjustment. Journal of Applied Developmental Psychology, 14, 121–136. CrossRef
go back to reference Hill, S. A. (2001). Class, race, and gender dimensions of child rearing in African American families. Journal of Black Studies, 31, 494–508. CrossRef Hill, S. A. (2001). Class, race, and gender dimensions of child rearing in African American families. Journal of Black Studies, 31, 494–508. CrossRef
go back to reference Hill, S. A., & Zimmerman, M. K. (1995). Valiant girls and vulnerable boys: The impact of gender and race on mothers’ caregiving for chronically ill children. Journal of Marriage and the Family, 57, 43–53. CrossRef Hill, S. A., & Zimmerman, M. K. (1995). Valiant girls and vulnerable boys: The impact of gender and race on mothers’ caregiving for chronically ill children. Journal of Marriage and the Family, 57, 43–53. CrossRef
go back to reference Holmbeck, G. N. (1997). Toward terminological, conceptual, and statistical clarity in the study of mediators and moderators: Examples from the child-clinical and pediatric psychology literatures. Journal of Consulting and Clinical Psychology, 65, 599–610. CrossRefPubMed Holmbeck, G. N. (1997). Toward terminological, conceptual, and statistical clarity in the study of mediators and moderators: Examples from the child-clinical and pediatric psychology literatures. Journal of Consulting and Clinical Psychology, 65, 599–610. CrossRefPubMed
go back to reference Holmbeck, G. N. (2002). Post-hoc probing of significant moderational and mediational effects in studies of pediatric populations. Journal of Pediatric Psychology, 27, 87–96. CrossRef Holmbeck, G. N. (2002). Post-hoc probing of significant moderational and mediational effects in studies of pediatric populations. Journal of Pediatric Psychology, 27, 87–96. CrossRef
go back to reference Jackson, S., Bijstra, J., Oostra, L., & Bosma, H. (1998). Adolescents’ perceptions of communication with parents relative to specific aspects of relationships with parents and personal development. Journal of Adolescence, 21, 305–322. CrossRefPubMed Jackson, S., Bijstra, J., Oostra, L., & Bosma, H. (1998). Adolescents’ perceptions of communication with parents relative to specific aspects of relationships with parents and personal development. Journal of Adolescence, 21, 305–322. CrossRefPubMed
go back to reference Kliewer, W., Fearnow, M. D., & Miller, P. A. (1996). Coping socialization in middle childhood: Tests of maternal and paternal influences. Child Development, 67, 2339–2357. CrossRefPubMed Kliewer, W., Fearnow, M. D., & Miller, P. A. (1996). Coping socialization in middle childhood: Tests of maternal and paternal influences. Child Development, 67, 2339–2357. CrossRefPubMed
go back to reference Kliewer, W., Sandler, I. N., & Wolchik, S. A. (1994). Family socialization of threat appraisal and coping: Coach, modeling, and family context. In K. Hurrelman & F. Nestmann (Eds.), Social networks and social support in childhood and adolescence (pp. 271–291). Berlin: Walter de Gruyter. Kliewer, W., Sandler, I. N., & Wolchik, S. A. (1994). Family socialization of threat appraisal and coping: Coach, modeling, and family context. In K. Hurrelman & F. Nestmann (Eds.), Social networks and social support in childhood and adolescence (pp. 271–291). Berlin: Walter de Gruyter.
go back to reference Lamborn, S. D., Dornbusch, S. M., & Steinberg, L. (1996). Ethnicity and community context as moderators of the relations between family decision making and adolescent adjustment. Child Development, 67, 283–301. CrossRef Lamborn, S. D., Dornbusch, S. M., & Steinberg, L. (1996). Ethnicity and community context as moderators of the relations between family decision making and adolescent adjustment. Child Development, 67, 283–301. CrossRef
go back to reference Langrock, A. M., Compas, B. E., Keller, G., Merchant, M. J., & Copeland, M. E. (2002). Coping with the stress of parental depression: Parents’ reports of children’s coping, emotional, and behavioral problems. Journal of Clinical Child and Adolescent Psychology, 31, 312–324. PubMed Langrock, A. M., Compas, B. E., Keller, G., Merchant, M. J., & Copeland, M. E. (2002). Coping with the stress of parental depression: Parents’ reports of children’s coping, emotional, and behavioral problems. Journal of Clinical Child and Adolescent Psychology, 31, 312–324. PubMed
go back to reference Larson, L. W., Richards, M. H., Sims, B., & Dworkin, J. (2001). How urban African American young adolescents spend their time: Time budgets for locations, activities, and companionship. American Journal of Community Psychology, 29, 565–597. CrossRefPubMed Larson, L. W., Richards, M. H., Sims, B., & Dworkin, J. (2001). How urban African American young adolescents spend their time: Time budgets for locations, activities, and companionship. American Journal of Community Psychology, 29, 565–597. CrossRefPubMed
go back to reference Mandara, J., & Pike, C. L. (2008). Guilt trips and love withdrawal: Does mothers’ use of psychological control predict depressive symptoms among African American adolescents? Family Relations, 57, 602–612. CrossRef Mandara, J., & Pike, C. L. (2008). Guilt trips and love withdrawal: Does mothers’ use of psychological control predict depressive symptoms among African American adolescents? Family Relations, 57, 602–612. CrossRef
go back to reference Markstrom, C. A., Marshall, S. K., & Tryon, R. J. (2000). Resiliency, social support, and coping in rural low-income Appalachian adolescents from two racial groups. Journal of Adolescence, 23, 693–703. CrossRefPubMed Markstrom, C. A., Marshall, S. K., & Tryon, R. J. (2000). Resiliency, social support, and coping in rural low-income Appalachian adolescents from two racial groups. Journal of Adolescence, 23, 693–703. CrossRefPubMed
go back to reference McKernon, W. L., Holmbeck, G. N., Colder, C. R., Hommeyer, J. S., Shapera, W., & Westhoven, V. (2001). Longitudinal study of observed and perceived family influences on problem-focused coping behaviors of preadolescents with spina bifida. Journal of Pediatric Psychology, 26, 41–54. CrossRefPubMed McKernon, W. L., Holmbeck, G. N., Colder, C. R., Hommeyer, J. S., Shapera, W., & Westhoven, V. (2001). Longitudinal study of observed and perceived family influences on problem-focused coping behaviors of preadolescents with spina bifida. Journal of Pediatric Psychology, 26, 41–54. CrossRefPubMed
go back to reference McLoyd, V. C. (1990). The impact of economic hardship on Black families and children: Psychological distress, parenting, and socioemotion development. Child Development, 61, 311–346. CrossRefPubMed McLoyd, V. C. (1990). The impact of economic hardship on Black families and children: Psychological distress, parenting, and socioemotion development. Child Development, 61, 311–346. CrossRefPubMed
go back to reference McLoyd, V. C. (1998). Socioeconomic deprivation and child development. American Psychologist, 53, 185–204. CrossRefPubMed McLoyd, V. C. (1998). Socioeconomic deprivation and child development. American Psychologist, 53, 185–204. CrossRefPubMed
go back to reference Nobles, W. W. (1988). African American family life: An instrument of culture. In H. P. McAdoo (Ed.), Black families (2nd ed., pp. 83–93). Newbury Park, CA: Sage. Nobles, W. W. (1988). African American family life: An instrument of culture. In H. P. McAdoo (Ed.), Black families (2nd ed., pp. 83–93). Newbury Park, CA: Sage.
go back to reference Sandler, I. N., Wolchik, S. A., MacKinnon, D., Ayers, T. S., & Roosa, M. W. (1997). Developing linkages between theory and intervention in stress and coping processes. In Sandler. Wolchik (Ed.), Handbook of children’s coping: Linking theory and intervention (pp. 41–70). New York: Plenum Press. Sandler, I. N., Wolchik, S. A., MacKinnon, D., Ayers, T. S., & Roosa, M. W. (1997). Developing linkages between theory and intervention in stress and coping processes. In Sandler. Wolchik (Ed.), Handbook of children’s coping: Linking theory and intervention (pp. 41–70). New York: Plenum Press.
go back to reference Schludermann, S., & Schludermann, E. (1988). Children’s report of parent behavior inventory. Winnipeg, Man. Canada: University of Manitoba. Schludermann, S., & Schludermann, E. (1988). Children’s report of parent behavior inventory. Winnipeg, Man. Canada: University of Manitoba.
go back to reference Skinner, E. A., & Wellborn, J. G. (1994). Coping during childhood and adolescence: A motivational perspective. In R. Lerner, D. Featherman, & M. Perlmuter (Eds.), Life-span development and behavior (Vol. 12, pp. 91–123). Hillsdale, NJ: Erlbaum. Skinner, E. A., & Wellborn, J. G. (1994). Coping during childhood and adolescence: A motivational perspective. In R. Lerner, D. Featherman, & M. Perlmuter (Eds.), Life-span development and behavior (Vol. 12, pp. 91–123). Hillsdale, NJ: Erlbaum.
go back to reference Smetana, J. G. (2000). Middle-class African American adolescents’ and parents’ conceptions of parental authority and parenting practices: A longitudinal investigation. Child Development, 71, 1672–1686. CrossRefPubMed Smetana, J. G. (2000). Middle-class African American adolescents’ and parents’ conceptions of parental authority and parenting practices: A longitudinal investigation. Child Development, 71, 1672–1686. CrossRefPubMed
go back to reference Smetana, J. G., & Daddis, C. (2002). Domain-specific antecedents of parental psychological control and monitoring: The role of parenting beliefs and practices. Child Development, 73, 563–580. CrossRefPubMed Smetana, J. G., & Daddis, C. (2002). Domain-specific antecedents of parental psychological control and monitoring: The role of parenting beliefs and practices. Child Development, 73, 563–580. CrossRefPubMed
go back to reference Smith, C. L., Eisenberg, N., Spinrad, T. L., Chassin, L., Morris, A. S., Kupfer, A., et al. (2006). Children’s coping strategies and coping efficacy: Relations to parent socialization, child adjustment, and familial alcoholism. Development and Psychopathology, 18, 445–469. CrossRefPubMed Smith, C. L., Eisenberg, N., Spinrad, T. L., Chassin, L., Morris, A. S., Kupfer, A., et al. (2006). Children’s coping strategies and coping efficacy: Relations to parent socialization, child adjustment, and familial alcoholism. Development and Psychopathology, 18, 445–469. CrossRefPubMed
go back to reference Steele, R. G., Forehand, R., & Armistead, L. (1997). The role of family processes and coping strategies in the relationship between parental chronic illness and childhood internalizing problems. Journal of Abnormal Child Psychology, 25, 83–94. CrossRefPubMed Steele, R. G., Forehand, R., & Armistead, L. (1997). The role of family processes and coping strategies in the relationship between parental chronic illness and childhood internalizing problems. Journal of Abnormal Child Psychology, 25, 83–94. CrossRefPubMed
go back to reference Tolan, P. H., Gorman-Smith, D., Henry, D., Chung, K., & Hunt, M. (2002). The relation of patterns of coping of inner-city youth to psychopathology symptoms. Journal of Research on Adolescence, 12, 423–449. CrossRef Tolan, P. H., Gorman-Smith, D., Henry, D., Chung, K., & Hunt, M. (2002). The relation of patterns of coping of inner-city youth to psychopathology symptoms. Journal of Research on Adolescence, 12, 423–449. CrossRef
go back to reference Wadsworth, M. E., & Compas, B. E. (2002). Coping with family conflict and economic strain: The adolescent perspective. Journal of Research on Adolescence, 12, 243–274. CrossRef Wadsworth, M. E., & Compas, B. E. (2002). Coping with family conflict and economic strain: The adolescent perspective. Journal of Research on Adolescence, 12, 243–274. CrossRef
go back to reference Wadsworth, M. E., Raviv, T., Compas, B. E., & Connor-Smith, J. K. (2005). Parent and adolescent responses to poverty-related stress: Tests of mediated and moderated coping models. Journal of Child and Family Studies, 14, 283–298. CrossRef Wadsworth, M. E., Raviv, T., Compas, B. E., & Connor-Smith, J. K. (2005). Parent and adolescent responses to poverty-related stress: Tests of mediated and moderated coping models. Journal of Child and Family Studies, 14, 283–298. CrossRef
go back to reference Wills, T. A., Blechman, E. A., & McNamara, G. (1996). Family support, coping, and competence. In E. M. Hetherington & E. A. Blechman (Eds.), Stress, coping, and resiliency in children and families (pp. 107–133). New Jersey: Lawrence Erlbaum Associates. Wills, T. A., Blechman, E. A., & McNamara, G. (1996). Family support, coping, and competence. In E. M. Hetherington & E. A. Blechman (Eds.), Stress, coping, and resiliency in children and families (pp. 107–133). New Jersey: Lawrence Erlbaum Associates.
go back to reference Wills, T. A., & Cleary, S. D. (1996). How are social support effects mediated: A test with parental support and adolescent substance use. Journal of Personality and Social Psychology, 71, 937–952. CrossRefPubMed Wills, T. A., & Cleary, S. D. (1996). How are social support effects mediated: A test with parental support and adolescent substance use. Journal of Personality and Social Psychology, 71, 937–952. CrossRefPubMed
Metagegevens
Titel
Maternal Parenting Behaviors and Coping in African American Children: The Influence of Gender and Stress
Auteurs
Noni K. Gaylord-Harden
Cynthya L. Campbell
Christine M. Kesselring
Publicatiedatum
01-10-2010
Uitgeverij
Springer US
Gepubliceerd in
Journal of Child and Family Studies / Uitgave 5/2010
Print ISSN: 1062-1024
Elektronisch ISSN: 1573-2843
DOI
https://doi.org/10.1007/s10826-009-9333-3