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24-12-2013 | Original Paper | Uitgave 12/2015

Journal of Autism and Developmental Disorders 12/2015

Maternal Infection During Pregnancy and Autism Spectrum Disorders

Tijdschrift:
Journal of Autism and Developmental Disorders > Uitgave 12/2015
Auteurs:
Ousseny Zerbo, Yinge Qian, Cathleen Yoshida, Judith K. Grether, Judy Van de Water, Lisa A. Croen
Belangrijke opmerkingen
Judith K. Grether was formerly with Environmental Health Investigations Branch, California Department of Public Health, Richmond, CA, 94804, USA.
The findings and conclusions in this report are those of the authors and do not necessarily represent the views of the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention.

Abstract

We conducted a nested case–control study including 407 cases and 2,075 frequency matched controls to investigate the association between maternal infections during pregnancy and risk of autism spectrum disorders (ASD). Cases, controls, and maternal infections were ascertained from Kaiser Permanente Northern California clinical databases. No overall association between diagnoses of any maternal infection during pregnancy and ASD was observed [adjusted odds ratio (ORadj) = 1.15, 95 % confidence interval (CI) 0.92–1.43]. However, women with infections diagnosed during a hospital admission (ORadj = 1.48, 95 % CI 1.07–2.04), particularly bacterial infections (ORadj = 1.58, 95 % CI 1.06–2.37), were at increased risk of delivering a child with ASD. Multiple infections during pregnancy were associated with ASD (ORadj = 1.36, 95 % CI 1.05–1.78).

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Over dit artikel

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