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Gepubliceerd in: Journal of Abnormal Child Psychology 1/2015

01-01-2015

Maternal Emotion Regulation Mediates the Association Between Adult Attention-Deficit/Hyperactivity Disorder Symptoms and Parenting

Auteurs: Heather Mazursky-Horowitz, Julia W. Felton, Laura MacPherson, Katherine B. Ehrlich, Jude Cassidy, C. W. Lejuez, Andrea Chronis-Tuscano

Gepubliceerd in: Research on Child and Adolescent Psychopathology | Uitgave 1/2015

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Abstract

Mothers with elevated Attention-Deficit/Hyperactivity Disorder (ADHD) symptoms demonstrate parenting deficits, as well as difficulties in emotion regulation (ER), which may further impact their ability to effectively parent. However, no empirical research has examined potential mediators that explain the relations between maternal ADHD symptoms and parenting. This prospective longitudinal study examined difficulties with ER as a mediator of the relation between adult ADHD symptoms and parenting among 234 mothers of adolescents recruited from the community when they were between the ages of nine to twelve. Maternal ratings of adult ADHD symptoms, difficulties with ER, and parenting responses to their adolescents’ expressions of negative emotions were collected over the course of three years. We found that maternal ADHD symptoms were negatively associated with positive parenting responses to adolescents’ negative emotions, and positively associated with harsh parenting and maternal distress reactions. Moreover, maternal ER mediated the relation between adult ADHD symptoms and harsh parenting responses, while controlling for adolescent ADHD and disruptive behavior symptoms. However, maternal ER did not mediate the relation between ADHD symptoms and positive or distressed parental responses. Thus, it appears that ER is one mechanism by which maternal ADHD symptoms are associated with harsh responses to their adolescents’ expressions of negative emotion. These findings may have downstream implications for adolescent adjustment.
Voetnoten
1
We also ran the model with inattentive and hyperactive/impulsive ADHD symptoms as separate predictors. Traditional fit-criteria for structural equation models indicate that the Tucker-Lewis Index (TLI) should be greater than 0.90 (Hu and Bentler 1999), the Comparative Fit Index (CFI) should above 0.93 (Byrne 1994) and the RMSEA should be below 0.05 (Steiger 1990). Unfortunately the model utilizing separate maternal inattentive and hyperactive/ impulsive symptoms did not meet these conventional cut-offs for adequate model fit (χ 2 (19) = 46.50, p < 0.001, CFI = 0.96, TLI = 0.88, and RMSEA = 0.08 [90 % CI = 0.05–0.10]) and was therefore uninterpretable.
 
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Metagegevens
Titel
Maternal Emotion Regulation Mediates the Association Between Adult Attention-Deficit/Hyperactivity Disorder Symptoms and Parenting
Auteurs
Heather Mazursky-Horowitz
Julia W. Felton
Laura MacPherson
Katherine B. Ehrlich
Jude Cassidy
C. W. Lejuez
Andrea Chronis-Tuscano
Publicatiedatum
01-01-2015
Uitgeverij
Springer US
Gepubliceerd in
Research on Child and Adolescent Psychopathology / Uitgave 1/2015
Print ISSN: 2730-7166
Elektronisch ISSN: 2730-7174
DOI
https://doi.org/10.1007/s10802-014-9894-5

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