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Gepubliceerd in: Journal of Youth and Adolescence 11/2016

24-12-2015 | Empirical Research

Maternal Emotion Regulation and Adolescent Behaviors: The Mediating Role of Family Functioning and Parenting

Auteurs: AliceAnn Crandall, Sharon R. Ghazarian, Randal D. Day, Anne W. Riley

Gepubliceerd in: Journal of Youth and Adolescence | Uitgave 11/2016

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Abstract

Prior research links poor maternal emotion regulation to maladaptive parenting and child behaviors, but little research is available on these relationships during the adolescent period. We use structural equation modeling to assess the influence of poor maternal emotion regulation, measured as emotional reactivity and distancing, on adolescent behaviors (measured as aggression and prosocial behaviors) among 478 adolescents (53 % female; baseline age 10–13 years) and their mothers over a 5 year period. We also tested the possible mediating roles of family functioning and parenting behaviors between maternal emotion regulation and adolescent behaviors. Results indicated that higher baseline maternal emotional distancing and reactivity were not directly predictive of adolescents’ behaviors, but they were indirectly related through family functioning and parenting. Specifically, indulgent parenting mediated the relationship between maternal emotional reactivity and adolescent aggression. Maternal-reported family functioning significantly mediated the relationship between maternal emotional distancing and adolescent aggression. Family functioning also mediated the relationship between emotional distancing and regulation parenting. The results imply that poor maternal emotion regulation during their child’s early adolescence leads to more maladaptive parenting and problematic behaviors during the later adolescent period. However, healthy family processes may ameliorate the negative impact of low maternal emotion regulation on parenting and adolescent behavioral outcomes. The implications for future research and interventions to improve parenting and adolescent outcomes are discussed.
Voetnoten
1
Family hostility was measured based on observer ratings of behaviors that demonstrated hostility from youth to mother, youth to father, mother to youth, and father to youth.
 
2
We used the Regulation subfactor rather than the full authoritative scale to have a more focused measure on a positive aspect of parenting that was particularly relevant to adolescence and had good reliability.
 
3
The five items used are original items 6, 10, 20, 22, and 25 of the Emotional Restraint Scale in the Weinberger Adjustment Inventory.
 
4
Full results of the confirmatory factor analysis are available from the first author upon request.
 
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Metagegevens
Titel
Maternal Emotion Regulation and Adolescent Behaviors: The Mediating Role of Family Functioning and Parenting
Auteurs
AliceAnn Crandall
Sharon R. Ghazarian
Randal D. Day
Anne W. Riley
Publicatiedatum
24-12-2015
Uitgeverij
Springer US
Gepubliceerd in
Journal of Youth and Adolescence / Uitgave 11/2016
Print ISSN: 0047-2891
Elektronisch ISSN: 1573-6601
DOI
https://doi.org/10.1007/s10964-015-0400-3

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