Swipe om te navigeren naar een ander artikel
Publisher’s note: Springer Nature remains neutral with regard to jurisdictional claims in published maps and institutional affiliations.
Depression is the leading cause of disability worldwide. Postpartum depression effects up to 12.4% of women and negatively impacts parenting behaviors as early as infancy.
This study examined the associations between maternal depressive symptoms and warm responsiveness from the third trimester of pregnancy through 18 months postpartum. This study assessed a high risk community sample (N = 682) of first-time mothers, ranging in age from 14–36 years old, with a majority identifying as African American and low income. Maternal depressive symptoms were assessed with a self-report measure, the Beck Depression Inventory II, prenatally and at six and 12 months postpartum, while maternal warm responsiveness data were coded via in-home observations with the Landry Observational measure at four, eight, and 18 months postpartum. Latent growth curve modeling was used to assess the associations between depressive symptoms and warm responsiveness over time.
The change in depressive symptoms was −4.92 (SE = 0.39, p < 0.0001) demonstrating that depressive symptoms decreased over time. The change in warm responsiveness was −0.55 (SE = 0.06, p < 0.0001) demonstrating that warm responsiveness also decreased over time. Greater depressive symptoms prenatally were significantly associated with less warm responsiveness at 4 months postpartum (B = −0.03, SE = 0.01, p < 0.01). However, changes in depressive symptoms were not significantly associated with changes in warm responsiveness over time.
It is important to assess for symptoms of depression during pregnancy in order to provide women the opportunity to have access to more resources and support.
Log in om toegang te krijgen
Met onderstaand(e) abonnement(en) heeft u direct toegang:
American Psychiatric Association (2013). Diagnostic and statistical manual of mental disorders, 5th ed. : DSM-5. Arlington, VA: American Psychiatric Publishing.
Azak, S., & Raeder, S. (2013). Trajectories of parenting behavior and maternal depression. Infant Behavior and Development, 36, 391–402. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.infbeh.2013.03.004. CrossRefPubMed
Banti, S., Mauri, M., Oppo, A., Borri, C., Rambelli, C., & Ramaciotti, D. et al. (2011). From the third month of pregnancy to 1 year postpartum. Prevalence, incidence, recurrence, and new onset of depression. Results from the Perinatal Depression-Research & Screening Unit study. Comprehensive Psychiatry, 52, 343–351. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.comppsych.2010.08.003. CrossRefPubMed
Beck, A. T., Steer, R. A., & Brown, G. K. (1996). Beck Depression Inventory-II. San Antonio, Texas: The Psychological Corporation.
Beeghly, M., Olson, K., Weinberg, M. K., Pierre, S., Downey, N., & Tronick, E. (2003). Prevalence, stability, and socio-demographic correlates of depressive symptoms in black mothers during the first 18 months postpartum. Maternal and Child Health Journal, 7, 157–168. https://doi.org/10.1023/a:1025132320321. CrossRefPubMed
Bernstein, D. P., & Fink, L. (1998). Childhood trauma questionnaire: a retrospective self-report manual. San Antonio, TX: The Psychological Corporation.
Bert, S. C., Guner, B. M., & Lanzi, R. G. (2009). The influence of maternal history of abuse on parenting knowledge and behavior. Family Relations, 58(2), 176–187. https://doi.org/10.1111/j.1741-3729.2008.00545.x. CrossRefPubMedPubMedCentral
Birkeland, R., Thompson, J. K., & Phares, V. (2005). Adolescent motherhood and postpartum depression. Journal of Clinical Child and Adolescent Psychology, 34(2), 292–300. https://doi.org/10.1207/s15374424jccp3402_8. CrossRefPubMed
Bollen, K. A. (1989). Structural equations with latent variables. New York, NY: Wiley.
Bollen, K. A., & Curran, P. J. (2006). Latent curve models: a structural equation perspective. Hoboken, NJ: Wiley.
Borkowski, J. G., Carta, J., Warren, S. F., Ramey, S. L., Ramey, C., Guest, K., Lefever, J. E. (2013). Predicting and Preventing Neglect in Teen Mothers (2001-2007) [dataset]. Available from National Data Archive on Child Abuse and Neglect Web site, http://www.ndacan.cornell.edu.
Burt, V. K., & Quezada, V. (2009). Mood disorders in women: Focus on reproductive psychiatry in the 21st century—Mothers at risk update 2008. Canadian Journal of Clinical Pharmacology, 16, 6–14. https://pdfs.semanticscholar.org/1c05/887ea94134c402fe1b3cb6f952bc14636121.pdf.
Campbell, S. B., Matestic, P., von Stauffenberg, C., Mohan, R., & Kirchner, T. (2007). Trajectories of maternal depressive symptoms, maternal sensitivity, and children’s functioning at school entry. Developmental Psychology, 43(5), 1202–1215. https://doi.org/10.1037/0012-16188.8.131.522. CrossRefPubMed
Campbell-Grossman, C., Hudson, D. B., Kupzyk, K. A., Brown, S. E., Hanna, K. M., & Yates, B. C. (2016). Low-income, African American, adolescent mothers’ depressive symptoms, perceived stress, and social support. Journal of Child and Family Studies, 25, 2306–2314. https://doi.org/10.1007/s10826-016-0386-9. CrossRefPubMedPubMedCentral
Collins, W. A., Maccoby, E. E., Steinberg, L., Hetherington, E. M., & Bornstein, M. H. (2000). Contemporary research on parenting: The case for nature and nurture. American Psychologist, 55(2), 218–232. https://doi.org/10.1037//0003-066X.55.2.218.
Diniz, E., Koller, S. H., & Volling, B. L. (2015). Social support and maternal depression from pregnancy to postpartum: The association with positive maternal behaviors among Brazilian adolescent mothers. Early Child Development and Care, 185(7), 1053–1066. https://doi.org/10.1080/03004430.2014.978309. CrossRef
Doss, B. D., Rhoades, G. K., Stanley, S. M., & Markman, H. J. (2009). The effect of the transition to parenthood on relationship quality: An eight-year prospective study. Journal of Personality and Social Psychology, 96(3), 601–619. https://doi.org/10.1037/a0013969.
Drevets, W. C. (2001). Neuroimaging and neuropathological studies of depression: Implications for the cognitive-emotional features of mood disorders. Current Opinion in Neurobiology, 11, 240–249. https://doi.org/10.1016/S0959-4388(00)00203-8. CrossRefPubMed
Grimm, K. J., & Ram, N. (2012). Growth curve modeling from a structural equation modeling perspective. In B. Laursen, T. D. Little, & N. A. Card (Eds.), Handbook of developmental research methods (pp. 411–431). New York, NY: Guilford Press.
Hamilton, M. (1960). A rating scale for depression. Journal of Neurology, Neurosurgery, and Psychiatry, 23, 56–62. https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC495331/.
Hopfinger, L., Berking, M., Bockting, C. L. H., & Ebert, D. D. (2016). Emotion regulation mediates the effect of childhood trauma on depression. Journal of Affective Disorders, 198, 189–197. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.jad.2016.03.050. CrossRefPubMed
Huang, C. Y., Costeines, J., Kaufman, J. S., & Ayala, C. (2014). Parenting stress, social support, and depression for ethnic minority adolescent mothers: Impact on child development. Journal of Child and Family Studies, 23, 255–262. https://doi.org/10.1007/s10826-013-9807-1. CrossRefPubMedPubMedCentral
Ke, Z., & Wang, L. (2015). Detecting individual differences in change: Methods and comparisons. Structural Equation Modeling, 22(3), 382–400. https://doi.org/10.1080/10705511.2014.936096. CrossRef
Kessler, R. C., Berglund, P., Demler, O., Jin, R., Koretz, D., Merikangas, K. R., & Wang, P. S. (2003). The epidemiology of major depressive disorder: Results from the National Comorbidity Survey Replication (NCS-R). Journal of the American Medical Association, 289, 3095–3105. https://doi.org/10.1001/jama.289.23.3095.
Kim, H. K., Pears, K. C., Fisher, P. A., Connelly, C. D., & Landsverk, J. A. (2010). Trajectories of maternal harsh parenting in the first 3 years of life. Child Abuse and Neglect, 34, 897–906. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.chiabu.2010.06.002. CrossRefPubMed
Krink, S., Muehlhan, C., Luyten, P., Romer, G., & Ramsauer, B. (2018). Parental reflective functioning affects sensitivity to distress in mothers with postpartum depression. Journal of Child and Family Studies, 1–11. https://doi.org/10.1007/s10826-017-1000-5.
Landry, S. H., Smith, K. E., Miller-Loncar, C. L., & Swank, P. R. (1997). Predicting cognitive-language and social growth curves from early maternal behaviors in children at varying degrees of biological risk. Developmental Psychology, 33, 1040–1053. https://doi.org/10.1037/0012-16184.108.40.2060. CrossRefPubMed
Landry, S. H., Smith, K. E., Swank, P. R., Assel, M. A., & Vellet, S. (2001). Does early responsive parenting have a special importance for children’s development or is consistency across early childhood necessary? Developmental Psychology, 37(3), 387–403. https://doi.org/10.1037//0012-16220.127.116.117. CrossRefPubMedPubMedCentral
Lanzi, R. G., Bert, S. C., & Jacobs, B. K. (2009). Depression among a sample of first-time adolescent and adult mothers. Journal of Child and Adolescent Psychiatric Nursing, 22(4), 194–202. https://doi.org/10.1111/j.1744-6171.2009.00199.x. CrossRefPubMedPubMedCentral
Le Strat, Y., Dubertret, C., & Le Foll, B. (2011). Prevalence and correlates of major depressive episode in pregnant and postpartum women in the United States. Journal of Affective Disorders, 135, 128–138. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.jad.2011.07.004. CrossRefPubMed
Lovejoy, M. C., Graczyk, P. A., O’Hare, E., & Neuman, G. (2000). Maternal depression and parenting behavior: A meta-analytic review. Clinical Psychology Review, 20, 561–592. https://doi.org/10.1016/S0272-7358(98)00100-7.
Mortensen, J. A., & Barnett, M. A. (2015). Risk and protective factors, parenting stress, and harsh parenting in Mexican origin mothers with toddlers. Marriage and Family Review, 51(1), 1–21. https://doi.org/10.1080/01494929.2014.955937. CrossRef
Mortensen, O., Torsheim, T., Melkevik, O., & Thuen, F. (2012). Adding a baby to the equation: Married and cohabiting women’s relationship satisfaction in the transition to parenthood. Family Process, 51(1), 122–139. https://doi.org/10.1111/j.1545-5300.2012.01384.x. CrossRefPubMed
Muthén, L. K., & Muthén, B. O. (2015). MPlus User’s Guide. Seventh Edition. Los Angeles, CA: Muthén & Muthén.
Nuttall, A. K., Valentino, K., Wang, L., Burke Lefever, J., & Borkowski, J. G. (2015). Maternal history of parentification and warm responsiveness: The mediating role of knowledge of infant development. Journal of Family Psychology, 29(6), 863–872. https://doi.org/10.1037/fam0000112. CrossRefPubMed
Palaez, M., Field, T., Pickens, J. N., & Hart, S. (2008). Disengaged and authoritarian parenting behavior of depressed mothers with their toddlers. Infant Behavior and Development, 31, 145–148. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.infbeh.2007.06.002. CrossRef
Pearson, R. M., Melotti, R., Heron, J., Joinson, C., Stein, A., & Ramchandani, P. G. et al. (2012). Disruption to the development of maternal responsiveness? The impact of prenatal depression on mother-infant interactions. Infant Behavior and Development, 35, 613–626. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.infbeh.2012.07.020. CrossRefPubMed
Shea, S. E., & Coyne, L. W. (2011). Maternal dysphoric mood, stress, and parenting practices in mothers of Head Start preschoolers: The role of experiential avoidance. Child and Family Behavior Therapy, 33(3), 231–247. https://doi.org/10.1080/07317107.2011.596004. CrossRef
Sidor, A., Fischer, C., & Cierpka, M. (2017). The link between infant regulatory problems, temperament traits, maternal depressive symptoms, and children’s psychopathological symptoms at age three: A longitudinal study in a German at-risk sample. Child and Adolescent Psychiatry and Mental Health, 11, 10–27. https://doi.org/10.1186/s13034-017-0148-5. CrossRefPubMedPubMedCentral
Sipsma, H. L., Callands, T., Desrosiers, A., Magriples, U., Jones, K., & Albritton, T. et al. (2016). Exploring trajectories and predictors of depressive symptoms among young couples during their transition to parenthood. Journal of Maternal and Child Health, 20, 2372–2381. https://doi.org/10.1007/s10995-016-2064-3. CrossRef
Wade, C., Giallo, R., & Cooklin, A. (2012). Maternal fatigue and depression: Identifying vulnerability and relationship to early parenting practices. Advances in Mental Health, 10(3), 277–291. https://doi.org/10.5172/jamh.2012.10.3.277. CrossRef
Waylen, A., & Stewart-Brown, S. (2010). Factors influencing parenting in early childhood: A prospective studyfocusing on change. Child: Care, Health, And Development, 36(2), 198–207. https://doi.org/10.1111/j.1365-2214.2009.01037.x. CrossRef
Wisner, K. L., Sit, D. K. Y., & McShea, M. C. (2013). Onset timing, thoughts of self-harm, and diagnoses in postpartum women with screen-positive depression findings. JAMA Psychiatry, 70, 490–498. https://doi.org/10.1001/jamapsychiatry.2013.87. CrossRefPubMedPubMedCentral
World Health Organization (2017). “Depression: let’s talk ” says WHO, as depression tops list of causes of ill health. http://www.who.int/mediacentre/news/releases/2017/world-health-day/en/.
- Maternal Depressive Symptoms and Warm Responsiveness Across the Transition to Parenthood
Erica A. Mitchell
Amy K. Nuttall
- Springer US