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Gepubliceerd in: Journal of Abnormal Child Psychology 1/2010

01-01-2010

Maternal Depression, Maternal Expressed Emotion, and Youth Psychopathology

Auteurs: Martha C. Tompson, Claudette B. Pierre, Kathryn Dingman Boger, James W. McKowen, Priscilla T. Chan, Rachel D. Freed

Gepubliceerd in: Research on Child and Adolescent Psychopathology | Uitgave 1/2010

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Abstract

Across development, maternal depression has been found to be a risk factor for youth psychopathology generally and youth depression specifically. Maternal Expressed Emotion (EE) has been examined as a predictor of outcome among youth with depression. The present study explored the associations between youth psychopathology and two predictors–maternal depression within the child’s lifetime and maternal EE–in a study of children at risk for depression. One hundred and seventy-one youth, ages 8–12, and their mothers participated. To assess maternal and youth psychopathology, dyads were administered structured diagnostic assessments, and mothers and children completed self-report measures of their own depressive symptoms. In addition, mothers completed the Achenbach Child Behavior Checklist–Parent Report Version (CBCL) for their children. Maternal EE was assessed based on the Five Minute Speech Sample. History of maternal depression was associated with high maternal EE, and the combination of maternal depression history and maternal EE was associated with children’s own reports of higher depressive symptoms. Current maternal depressive symptoms were associated with mothers’ reports of children’s Internalizing scores on the CBCL, and maternal depression history, current maternal depressive symptoms, and maternal EE were strongly associated with mothers’ reports of children’s Externalizing and Total Problem scores on the CBCL. History of maternal depression and a rating of high or borderline Critical EE (characterized by maternal critical comments and/or reports of a negative relationship) were independently associated with children’s depression diagnoses.
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Metagegevens
Titel
Maternal Depression, Maternal Expressed Emotion, and Youth Psychopathology
Auteurs
Martha C. Tompson
Claudette B. Pierre
Kathryn Dingman Boger
James W. McKowen
Priscilla T. Chan
Rachel D. Freed
Publicatiedatum
01-01-2010
Uitgeverij
Springer US
Gepubliceerd in
Research on Child and Adolescent Psychopathology / Uitgave 1/2010
Print ISSN: 2730-7166
Elektronisch ISSN: 2730-7174
DOI
https://doi.org/10.1007/s10802-009-9349-6

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