06-01-2021 | Original Article
Manual dexterity predicts phonological decoding speed in typical reading adults
Gepubliceerd in: Psychological Research | Uitgave 8/2021Log in om toegang te krijgen
Manual dexterity and phonological decoding involve the posterior parietal cortex, which controls location coding for visually guided actions, as well as a large fronto-cerebellar network. We studied the relationship between manual dexterity and reading ability in adult typical readers. Two measurements of manual dexterity were collected to index the procedural learning effect. A linear regression model demonstrated that phonological short-term memory, manual dexterity at time 1 and procedural learning of manual dexterity predicted phonological decoding speed. Similar results were found when left-hand dexterity at time 1 and procedural learning dexterity were entered last. The better one’s phonological decoding skill was, the less fluent their manual dexterity was, suggesting a recycle from object–location to letter–location coding. However, the greater the procedural learning, the faster phonological decoding was, suggesting that larger plasticity of object–location coding was linked to better letter–location coding. An independent role of the interhemispheric connections or of the right posterior parietal cortex is also suggested.