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29-06-2024

Malignant Narcissism, the Dark Tetrad, and Paranoia: A Comparative Study Using Relative Importance Analyses

Auteurs: Jonathan Faucher, Dominick Gamache

Gepubliceerd in: Journal of Psychopathology and Behavioral Assessment

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Abstract

Malignant narcissism describes a personality disorder that encompasses five core components: narcissism, psychopathy, sadism, paranoia, and aggressiveness. Despite the extensive theoretical and clinical literature on malignant narcissism and its recent momentum in the popular discourse, there is a dearth of empirical evidence on the syndrome. The objective of the current research is to document the associations between malignant narcissism, the Dark Tetrad (Machiavellianism, narcissism, psychopathy, sadism), and paranoia using a scoring procedure for malignant narcissism based on Personality Inventory for DSM-5 facets. A comparative approach was followed, using two types of relative importance analyses—general dominance analysis and relative weight analysis—to determine the nature of the core psychopathological features of malignant narcissism. The French-Canadian version of the Revised Green et al., Paranoid Thoughts Scale was used and had to be validated prior to relative importance analyses, and showed strong psychometric properties. Results from a nonclinical sample (N = 1151) globally indicate that malignant narcissism is more strongly associated with Machiavellianism and psychopathy, followed by narcissism, and then by sadism and ideas of reference, confirming that malignant narcissism is mainly an antagonistic psychopathology. The conceptual and clinical implications of this finding are discussed.
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Voetnoten
1
The number of participants varied from one analysis to the other because of missing data for some measures.
 
2
A total of eight participants did not report their gender identity.
 
3
Distributions for both the R-GPTS Ideas of Reference and R-GPTS Ideas of Persecution were found to be nonnormal based on visual indices as well as Kolomogorov-Smirnov and Shapiro–Wilk tests.
 
4
For example, to compare Machiavellianism and psychopathy, the R2 proper to Machiavellianism in a model including Machiavellianism, narcissism, and sadism could be compared with the R2 proper to psychopathy in a model including psychopathy, narcissism, and sadism.
 
5
The first figure denotes the correlation with R-GPTS Ideas of Reference; the second figure denotes the correlation with R-GPTS Ideas of Persecution.
 
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Metagegevens
Titel
Malignant Narcissism, the Dark Tetrad, and Paranoia: A Comparative Study Using Relative Importance Analyses
Auteurs
Jonathan Faucher
Dominick Gamache
Publicatiedatum
29-06-2024
Uitgeverij
Springer US
Gepubliceerd in
Journal of Psychopathology and Behavioral Assessment
Print ISSN: 0882-2689
Elektronisch ISSN: 1573-3505
DOI
https://doi.org/10.1007/s10862-024-10147-y