Skip to main content
main-content
Top

Tip

Swipe om te navigeren naar een ander artikel

01-03-2010 | Original Article | Uitgave 1/2010

Journal of Rational-Emotive & Cognitive-Behavior Therapy 1/2010

Maladaptive Cognitions and Chronic Pain: Epidemiology, Neurobiology, and Treatment

Tijdschrift:
Journal of Rational-Emotive & Cognitive-Behavior Therapy > Uitgave 1/2010
Auteur:
Jonathan M. Borkum

Abstract

Maladaptive cognitions are widespread and play a significant role in the development of chronic pain. (1) Catastrophizing seems to increase the risk of chronicity. In the laboratory it amplifies temporal summation of pain with repeated stimulation and delays the disengagement of attention from pain. In neuroimaging it is associated with increased activation in regions of the cortex involved in attention, the aversiveness of pain, and possibly pain intensity. (2) Fearful anticipation of pain seems to pre-activate brain regions involved in both the sensory and emotional intensity of pain and primes a stronger initial pain response. It may lead to abnormal patterns of muscle recruitment that, speculatively, may predispose to injury. (3) Belief that normal activity should be avoided seems to promote unnecessary long-term disability in nonspecific low back pain. Extreme guarding may intensify pain through loss of inhibition from motor cortex. (4) Educational programs targeting maladaptive beliefs have shown benefit in the primary prevention of chronic back pain in both pain-free and acute pain populations. In established chronic pain, cognitive-behavioral therapy has shown efficacy in improving pain intensity, coping and pain behaviors when compared with usual treatment. (5) Possible future research directions and clinical implications are discussed.

Log in om toegang te krijgen

Met onderstaand(e) abonnement(en) heeft u direct toegang:

BSL Psychologie Totaal

Met BSL Psychologie Totaal blijft u als professional steeds op de hoogte van de nieuwste ontwikkelingen binnen uw vak. Met het online abonnement heeft u toegang tot een groot aantal boeken, protocollen, vaktijdschriften en e-learnings op het gebied van psychologie en psychiatrie. Zo kunt u op uw gemak en wanneer het u het beste uitkomt verdiepen in uw vakgebied.

Literatuur
Over dit artikel