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Gepubliceerd in: Journal of Autism and Developmental Disorders 9/2015

31-03-2015 | Original Paper

Making Inferences: Comprehension of Physical Causality, Intentionality, and Emotions in Discourse by High-Functioning Older Children, Adolescents, and Adults with Autism

Auteurs: Kimberly E. Bodner, Christopher R. Engelhardt, Nancy J. Minshew, Diane L. Williams

Gepubliceerd in: Journal of Autism and Developmental Disorders | Uitgave 9/2015

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Abstract

Studies investigating inferential reasoning in autism spectrum disorder (ASD) have focused on the ability to make socially-related inferences or inferences more generally. Important variables for intervention planning such as whether inferences depend on physical experiences or the nature of social information have received less consideration. A measure of bridging inferences of physical causation, mental states, and emotional states was administered to older children, adolescents, and adults with and without ASD. The ASD group had more difficulty making inferences, particularly related to emotional understanding. Results suggest that individuals with ASD may not have the stored experiential knowledge that specific inferences depend upon or have difficulties accessing relevant experiences due to linguistic limitations. Further research is needed to tease these elements apart.
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Metagegevens
Titel
Making Inferences: Comprehension of Physical Causality, Intentionality, and Emotions in Discourse by High-Functioning Older Children, Adolescents, and Adults with Autism
Auteurs
Kimberly E. Bodner
Christopher R. Engelhardt
Nancy J. Minshew
Diane L. Williams
Publicatiedatum
31-03-2015
Uitgeverij
Springer US
Gepubliceerd in
Journal of Autism and Developmental Disorders / Uitgave 9/2015
Print ISSN: 0162-3257
Elektronisch ISSN: 1573-3432
DOI
https://doi.org/10.1007/s10803-015-2436-3