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Gepubliceerd in: Journal of Youth and Adolescence 3/2015

01-03-2015 | Empirical Research

Longitudinal Relationships Between Individual and Class Norms Supporting Dating Violence and Perpetration of Dating Violence

Auteurs: Katherine A. Taylor, Terri N. Sullivan, Albert D. Farrell

Gepubliceerd in: Journal of Youth and Adolescence | Uitgave 3/2015

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Abstract

Dating violence is commonly perpetrated in adolescence, making it imperative to understand risk factors in order to inform prevention efforts. Although individual norms supporting dating violence are strongly related to its perpetration, few studies have examined their longitudinal impact. Moreover, the influence of class norms (i.e., norms for students in the same grade, cohort, and school) supporting dating violence on perpetration has rarely been studied. The current study examined longitudinal relationships between individual and class norms supporting dating violence and perpetration of physical and psychological dating violence. Participants were two cohorts of sixth graders from 37 schools who were in dating relationships at Wave 1 and 6 months later at Wave 2 (N = 2,022; 43 % female; 52 % African American, 21 % Latino/a, 20 % White, and 7 % other). The analyses used a multilevel approach, with students represented at Level 1 and classes (n = 74) at Level 2. The models tested direct effects of Wave 1 individual and class norms supporting dating violence on subsequent changes in perpetration of dating violence at Wave 2 and the extent to which gender moderated these relationships. The findings indicated that greater individual norms supporting male dating violence predicted greater change in perpetration of physical and psychological dating violence and greater individual norms supporting female dating violence predicted greater change in perpetration of psychological dating violence. Greater class norms supporting male dating violence predicted greater change in perpetration of physical dating violence; whereas greater class norms supporting female dating violence predicted less change in perpetration of physical dating violence. These findings highlight the need to address norms in early adolescence.
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Metagegevens
Titel
Longitudinal Relationships Between Individual and Class Norms Supporting Dating Violence and Perpetration of Dating Violence
Auteurs
Katherine A. Taylor
Terri N. Sullivan
Albert D. Farrell
Publicatiedatum
01-03-2015
Uitgeverij
Springer US
Gepubliceerd in
Journal of Youth and Adolescence / Uitgave 3/2015
Print ISSN: 0047-2891
Elektronisch ISSN: 1573-6601
DOI
https://doi.org/10.1007/s10964-014-0195-7