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Gepubliceerd in: Journal of Youth and Adolescence 1/2017

24-09-2016 | Empirical Research

Longitudinal Pathways from Cumulative Contextual Risk at Birth to School Functioning in Adolescence: Analysis of Mediation Effects and Gender Moderation

Auteurs: Stacy-Ann A. January, W. Alex Mason, Jukka Savolainen, Starr Solomon, Mary B. Chmelka, Jouko Miettunen, Juha Veijola, Irma Moilanen, Anja Taanila, Marjo-Riitta Järvelin

Gepubliceerd in: Journal of Youth and Adolescence | Uitgave 1/2017

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Abstract

Children and adolescents exposed to multiple contextual risks are more likely to have academic difficulties and externalizing behavior problems than those who experience fewer risks. This study used data from the Northern Finland Birth Cohort 1986 (a population-based study; N = 6961; 51 % female) to investigate (a) the impact of cumulative contextual risk at birth on adolescents’ academic performance and misbehavior in school, (b) learning difficulties and/or externalizing behavior problems in childhood as intervening mechanisms in the association of cumulative contextual risk with functioning in adolescence, and (c) potential gender differences in the predictive associations of cumulative contextual risk at birth with functioning in childhood or adolescence. The results of the structural equation modeling analysis suggested that exposure to cumulative contextual risk at birth had negative associations with functioning 16 years later, and academic difficulties and externalizing behavior problems in childhood mediated some of the predictive relations. Gender, however, did not moderate any of the associations. Therefore, the findings of this study have implications for the prevention of learning and conduct problems in youth and future research on the impact of cumulative risk exposure.
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Metagegevens
Titel
Longitudinal Pathways from Cumulative Contextual Risk at Birth to School Functioning in Adolescence: Analysis of Mediation Effects and Gender Moderation
Auteurs
Stacy-Ann A. January
W. Alex Mason
Jukka Savolainen
Starr Solomon
Mary B. Chmelka
Jouko Miettunen
Juha Veijola
Irma Moilanen
Anja Taanila
Marjo-Riitta Järvelin
Publicatiedatum
24-09-2016
Uitgeverij
Springer US
Gepubliceerd in
Journal of Youth and Adolescence / Uitgave 1/2017
Print ISSN: 0047-2891
Elektronisch ISSN: 1573-6601
DOI
https://doi.org/10.1007/s10964-016-0560-9