Swipe om te navigeren naar een ander artikel
Anger and hostility are key concepts in behavioral medicine, but little is known about their stability over life course. A sample of 3,074 individuals from six age groups (aged 15–30 at the baseline) were selected from a population-based study to examine longitudinal measurement invariance, stability and change in anger and cynicism from early to middle adulthood over 15 years. Cynicism, a facet of hostility, and anger were measured 4 times in 1992, 1997, 2001 and 2007. Final longitudinal measurement invariance models achieved partial strict measurement invariance, indicating good measurement consistency over time. Rank-order stability of anger and cynicism was found to be moderate. Mean levels of anger and cynicism decreased over time, but in anger the decline was faster among women. The variance of anger and cynicism also increased over time, but in cynicism the rate of change was higher among men. Altogether, anger and cynicism show measurement invariance and moderate stability from early adulthood to middle adulthood.
Log in om toegang te krijgen
Met onderstaand(e) abonnement(en) heeft u direct toegang:
Barefoot, J. C., & Lipkus, I. M. (1994). The assessment of anger and hostility. In A. W. Siegman & T. W. Smith (Eds.), Anger, hostility, and the heart (pp. 43–66). NJ: Lawrence Erlbaum.
Brown, T. A. (2006). Confirmatory factor analysis for applied research. New York: The Guilford Press.
Byrne, B. M., Shavelson, R. J., & Muthén, B. (1989). Testing for the equivalence of factor covariance and mean structures: The issue of partial measurement invariance. Psychological Bulletin, 105, 456–466. CrossRef
Caspi, A., & Roberts, B. W. (1999). Personality continuity and change across the life course. In L. A. Pervin & O. P. John (Eds.), Handbook of personality theory and research (pp. 300–326). New York: Guilford.
Cheung, G. W., & Rensvold, R. B. (2002). Evaluating goodness-of-fit indexes for testing measurement invariance. Structural Equation Modeling, 9, 233–255. CrossRef
Comrey, A. L. (1957). A factor analysis of items on the MMPI hysteria scale. Educational and Psychological Measurement, 17, 586–592.
Comrey, A. L. (1958). A factor analysis of items on the MMPI paranoia scale. Educational and Psychological Measurement, 18, 99–107. CrossRef
Digman, J. M. (1990). Personality structure: Emergence of the five-factor model. Annual Review of Psychology, 41, 417–440. CrossRef
Greenglass, E. R., & Julkunen, J. (1989). Construct validity and sex differences in Cook-Medley hostility. Personality and Individual Differences, 10, 209–218. CrossRef
Hair, J. F., Anderson, R. E., Tatham, R. L., & Black, W. C. (2006). Multivariate analysis. New Jersey: Prentice Hall.
Hakulinen, C., Jokela, M., Hintsanen, M., Merjonen, P., Pulkki-Råback, L., Seppälä, I., et al. (2012). Serotonin receptor 1B genotype and hostility, anger and aggressive behavior through the lifespan: The young Finns study. Journal of Behavioral Medicine,1–8. doi: 10.1007/s10865-012-9452-y
Haukkala, A. (2002). Socio-economic differences in hostility measures – a population based study. Psychology and Health, 17, 191–202. CrossRef
Haukkala, A., Uutela, A., & Salomaa, V. (2001). Depressive symptoms, cynical hostility, and weight change: A 3-year follow-up among middle-aged men and women. International Journal of Behavioral Medicine, 8, 116–133. CrossRef
Keltikangas-Järvinen, L., & Ravaja, N. (2002). Relationships between hostility and physiological coronary heart disease risk factors in young adults: Moderating influence of perceived social support and sociability. Psychology and Health, 17, 173–190. CrossRef
Meredith, W. (1993). Measurement invariance, factor analysis and factorial invariance. Psychometrika, 58, 525–543. CrossRef
Merjonen, P., Pulkki-Råback, L., Puttonen, S., Keskivaara, P., Juonala, M., Telama, R., et al. (2008). Anger is associated with subclinical atherosclerosis in low SES but not in higher SES men and women. The cardiovascular risk in young Finns study. Journal of Behavioral Medicine, 31, 35–44. PubMedCrossRef
Millsap, R. E., & Meredith, W. (2007). Factorial invariance: Historical trends and new developments. In R. Cudeck & R. C. MacCallum (Eds.), Factor analysis at 100: Historical developments and future directions (pp. 131–152). Mahwah, New Jersey: Lawrence Erlbaum.
Muthén, L. K., & Muthén, B. O. (1998–2010). Mplus user’s guide (6th ed.). Los Angeles, CA: Muthén & Muthén.
Schreiber, J. B., Nora, A., Stage, F. K., Barlow, E. A., & King, J. (2006). Reporting structural equation modeling and confirmatory factor analysis results: A review. The Journal of Educational Research, 99, 323–338. CrossRef
Smith, T. W. (1994). Concepts and methods in the study of anger, hostility, and health. In A. W. Siegman & T. W. Smith (Eds.), Anger, hostility and the heart (pp. 23–42). New Jersey: Lawrence Erlbaum Hillsdale, NJ.
Spielberger, C. D., Jacobs, G., Russell, S., & Crane, R. S. (1983). Assessment of anger: The state-trait anger scale. In C. D. Spielberger & J. N. Butcher (Eds.), Advances in personality assessment (3rd ed., pp. 89–131). Hillsdale, NJ: Lawrence Erlbaum Associates, Inc.
Tremblay, P. F., & Ewart, L. A. (2005). The buss and perry aggression questionnaire and its relations to values, the big five, provoking hypothetical situations, alcohol consumption patterns, and alcohol expectancies. Personality and Individual Differences, 38, 337–346. CrossRef
Vandenberg, R. J., & Lance, C. E. (2000). A review and synthesis of the measurement invariance literature: Suggestions, practices, and recommendations for organizational research. Organizational Research Methods, 3, 4–70. CrossRef
Zimprich, D., & Mascherek, A. (2011). Measurement invariance and age-related differences of trait anger across the adult lifespan. Personality and Individual Differences, 52, 334–339. CrossRef
- Longitudinal measurement invariance, stability and change of anger and cynicism
Olli T. Raitakari
- Springer US