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20-05-2020 | ORIGINAL PAPER

Longitudinal Bidirectional Associations Between Dispositional Mindfulness, Maladaptive Schemas, and Depressive Symptoms in Adolescents

Auteurs: Joana Gómez-Odriozola, Esther Calvete

Gepubliceerd in: Mindfulness | Uitgave 8/2020

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Abstract

Objectives

Grounded on transactional models of psychopathology, the aim of the present study was to examine whether there are bidirectional long-term predictive associations between mindfulness facets, maladaptive schemas, and depressive symptoms during adolescence.

Methods

A sample of 855 students (417 girls, Mage = 14.60, SD = 1.00) was assessed at three time points separated by 6 months. They completed the Short Form of the Five Facet Mindfulness Questionnaire, the disconnection/rejection domain of Young Schema Questionnaire, and the Center for Epidemiologic Studies Depression Scale.

Results

Depressive symptoms predicted schemas and lower describe, non-reacting, and non-judging. Schemas predicted higher depression, observe, and non-reacting and lower describe, acting with awareness, and non-judging. Describe and acting with awareness predicted reductions of schemas and depressive symptoms, respectively. These bidirectional relationships were mostly similar for a high depression group and a low depression group. Subsequent bootstrapping analyses supported significant mediating effects.

Conclusions

These findings support the use of transactional models and the inclusion of bidirectional relationships in explanatory models of psychopathology. Furthermore, depressive symptoms and cognitive vulnerabilities can worsen mindfulness facets in adolescents.
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Metagegevens
Titel
Longitudinal Bidirectional Associations Between Dispositional Mindfulness, Maladaptive Schemas, and Depressive Symptoms in Adolescents
Auteurs
Joana Gómez-Odriozola
Esther Calvete
Publicatiedatum
20-05-2020
Uitgeverij
Springer US
Gepubliceerd in
Mindfulness / Uitgave 8/2020
Print ISSN: 1868-8527
Elektronisch ISSN: 1868-8535
DOI
https://doi.org/10.1007/s12671-020-01402-w

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