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Gepubliceerd in: Research on Child and Adolescent Psychopathology 12/2020

15-09-2020

Longitudinal Associations Linking Elementary and Middle School Contexts with Student Aggression in Early Adolescence

Auteurs: Michael T. Sanders, Karen L. Bierman, Brenda S. Heinrichs

Gepubliceerd in: Research on Child and Adolescent Psychopathology | Uitgave 12/2020

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Abstract

Growing up in poverty increases youth risk for developing aggressive behavior problems, which, in turn, are associated with a host of problematic outcomes, including school drop-out, substance use, mental health problems, and delinquency. In part, this may be due to exposure to adverse school contexts that create socialization influences supporting aggression. In the current study, 356 children from low-income families (58% White, 17% Latinx, 25% Black; 54% girls) were followed from preschool through seventh grade. Longitudinal data included measures of the school-level contexts experienced by study participants during their elementary and middle school years, including school levels of poverty (percentage of students receiving free or reduced-price lunch) and academic achievement (percentage of students scoring below the basic proficiency level on state achievement tests). Regression analyses suggested little impact of these school-level contexts on teacher or parent ratings of aggression in fifth grade, controlling for child baseline aggression and demographics. In contrast, school-level contexts had significant effects on child aggression in seventh grade with unique contributions by school-level achievement, controlling for child fifth grade aggression and elementary school contexts along with baseline covariates. These effects were robust across teacher and parent ratings. Findings are discussed in terms of understanding the school-based socialization of aggressive behavior and implications for educational policy and prevention programming.
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Metagegevens
Titel
Longitudinal Associations Linking Elementary and Middle School Contexts with Student Aggression in Early Adolescence
Auteurs
Michael T. Sanders
Karen L. Bierman
Brenda S. Heinrichs
Publicatiedatum
15-09-2020
Uitgeverij
Springer US
Gepubliceerd in
Research on Child and Adolescent Psychopathology / Uitgave 12/2020
Print ISSN: 2730-7166
Elektronisch ISSN: 2730-7174
DOI
https://doi.org/10.1007/s10802-020-00697-6

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