Swipe om te navigeren naar een ander artikel
In adolescence, feeling lonely and dealing with time spent alone become particularly salient. The present study examined the co-occurrence of parent- and peer-related loneliness, and positive and negative attitudes toward aloneness, using cluster analysis. In three independent samples, covering about 1800 adolescents (61 % female), six meaningful groups were identified. These groups showed different associations with adolescents’ self-esteem and personality, parental responsiveness and psychological control, and peer group functioning and friendships. An adaptive pattern of correlates was found for adolescents in three of the six groups, that is, the Indifference group (with rather low scores on the four constructs), the Moderate group (with moderate scores on the four constructs), and the Negative Attitude Toward Aloneness group. A rather maladaptive pattern of correlates was found for adolescents in the three other groups, that is, the Peer-Related Loneliness group, the Positive Attitude Toward Aloneness group, and the Parent-Related Loneliness group. More specifically, adolescents in the Peer-Related Loneliness and Positive Attitude Toward Aloneness groups may need assistance regarding their relations with their peers, whereas adolescents in the Parent-Related Loneliness group may need assistance regarding their relations with their parents. Implications of these findings for current understanding and optimal measurement of adolescents’ loneliness and aloneness are discussed.
Log in om toegang te krijgen
Met onderstaand(e) abonnement(en) heeft u direct toegang:
Cassidy, J., & Berlin, L. J. (1999). Understanding the origins of childhood loneliness: Contributions of attachment theory. In K. J. Rotenberg & S. Hymel (Eds.), Loneliness in childhood and adolescence (pp. 34–55). New York, NY: Cambridge University Press. CrossRef
Cohen, J. (1988). Statistical power analysis for the behavioral sciences (2nd ed.). Hillsdale, NJ: Erlbaum.
Corsano, P., Majorano, M., & Champretavy, L. (2006). Psychological well-being in adolescence: The contribution of interpersonal relations and experience of being alone. Adolescence, 41, 341–353. PubMed
Furman, W. (1996). The measurement of friendship perceptions: Conceptual and methodological issues. In W. M. Bukowski, A. F. Newcomb, & W. W. Hartup (Eds.), The company they keep: Friendship in childhood and adolescence (pp. 41–65). New York, NY: Cambridge University Press.
Goossens, L. (2006). Affect, emotion, and loneliness in adolescence. In S. Jackson & L. Goossens (Eds.), Handbook of adolescent development (pp. 51–70). Hove: Psychology Press.
Goossens, L. (Ed.). (2015). De Leuvense Eenzaamheidsschaal voor Kinderen en Adolescenten: Handleiding [Loneliness and Aloneness Scale for Children and Adolescents: Manual]. Unpublished manuscript, Leuven, Belgium.
Gore, P. A. (2000). Cluster analysis. In H. E. A. Tinsley & S. D. Brown (Eds.), Handbook of applied multivariate statistics and mathematical modeling. San Diego, CA: Academic Press.
Harter, S. (1988). Manual for the self-perception profile for adolescents. Denver, CO: University of Denver.
Leary, M. R., Tambor, E. S., Terdal, S. K., & Downs, D. L. (1995). Self-esteem as an interpersonal monitor: The sociometer hypothesis. Journal of Personality and Social Psychology, 68, 518–530. CrossRef
Maes, M., Van Den Noortgate, W., & Goossens, L. (2015b). A reliability generalization study for a multidimensional loneliness scale: The loneliness and aloneness scale for children and adolescents. European Journal of Psychological Assessment,. doi: 10.1027/1015-5759/a000237.
Majorano, M., Musetti, A., Brondino, M., & Corsano, P. (2015). Loneliness, emotional autonomy and motivation for solitary behavior during adolescence. Journal of Child and Family Studies,. doi: 10.1007/s10826-015-0145-3.
Marcoen, A., & Goossens, L. (1993). Loneliness, attitude towards aloneness, and solitude: Age differences and developmental significance during adolescence. In S. Jackson & H. Rodriguez-Tome (Eds.), Adolescence and its social worlds (pp. 197–227). Hove: Erlbaum.
Meeus, W., & Deković, M. (1995). Identity development, parental and peer support in adolescence: Results of a national Dutch survey. Adolescence, 30, 931–944. PubMed
Olweus, D. (1989). The Olweus bully/victim questionnaire. Bergen: Mimeo.
Peplau, L. A., & Perlman, D. (1982). Perspectives on loneliness. In L. A. Peplau & D. Perlman (Eds.), Loneliness: A sourcebook of current theory, research and therapy (pp. 1–18). New York, NY: Wiley.
Perlman, D., & Peplau, L. A. (1981). Towards a social psychology of loneliness. In S. Duck & R. Gilmour (Eds.), Personal relationships in disorder (Vol. 3, pp. 31–56). London: Academic Press.
Rotenberg, K. J. (1999). Parental antecedents of children’s loneliness. In K. J. Rotenberg & S. Hymel (Eds.), Loneliness in childhood and adolescence (pp. 176–200). New York, NY: Cambridge University Press. CrossRef
Sullivan, H. S. (1953). The interpersonal theory of psychiatry. New York, NY: Norton.
Tabachnick, B. G., Fidell, L. S., & Osterlind, S. J. (2001). Using multivariate statistics (5th ed.). Boston, MA: Pearson Education.
Vanhalst, J., Goossens, L., Luyckx, K., Scholte, R. H. J., & Engels, R. C. M. E. (2013a). The development of loneliness from mid- to late adolescence: Trajectory classes, personality traits, and psychosocial functioning. Journal of Adolescence, 36, 1305–1312. doi: 10.1016/j.adolescence.2012.04.002. CrossRefPubMed
Vanhalst, J., Luyckx, K., & Goossens, L. (2010). A cluster- analytic typology of peer- and parent- related loneliness in middle and late adolescence: Cross- sectional and longitudinal associations with psychosocial functioning. Poster presented at the 21th biennial meeting of the International Society for the Study of Behavioural Development (ISSBD), Lusaka, Zambia.
Vanhalst, J., Luyckx, K., Scholte, R. H., Engels, R. C., & Goossens, L. (2013b). Low self-esteem as a risk factor for loneliness in adolescence: Perceived- but not actual-social acceptance as an underlying mechanism. Journal of Abnormal Child Psychology, 41, 1067–1081. doi: 10.1007/s10802-013-9751-y. CrossRefPubMed
Vermulst, A. A., & Gerris, J. R. M. (2005). Quick Big Five Persoonlijkheidsvragenlijst. Handleiding [Quick Big Five Personality Questionnaire. Manual]. Leeuwarden: LDC.
Weiss, R. S. (1973). Loneliness: The experience of emotional and social isolation. Cambridge, MA: MIT Press.
- Loneliness and Attitudes Toward Aloneness in Adolescence: A Person-Centered Approach
Annette W. M. Spithoven
Wim Van den Noortgate
- Springer US