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Gepubliceerd in: Journal of Psychopathology and Behavioral Assessment 2/2020

31-01-2020

Loneliness Accounts for the Association Between Diagnosed Attention Deficit-Hyperactivity Disorder and Symptoms of Depression Among Adolescents

Auteurs: Stephen Houghton, David Lawrence, Simon C. Hunter, Corinne Zadow, Michael Kyron, Roger Paterson, Annemaree Carroll, Richard Christie, Mark Brandtman

Gepubliceerd in: Journal of Psychopathology and Behavioral Assessment | Uitgave 2/2020

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Abstract

The heightened levels of peer relationship difficulties associated with Attention Deficit/Hyperactivity Disorder (ADHD) potentially predispose adolescents to feelings of loneliness and depressive symptoms. The current study explores whether feelings of loneliness mediate the effects of ADHD on depressive symptoms. Eighty-four adolescents (Mage = 13.01 years, 75% Male) in Western Australian schools completed mental health and wellbeing surveys. Multivariate analysis of variance assessed whether adolescents with ADHD had greater loneliness and depressive symptoms, and mediation analysis explored whether loneliness mediated the relationship between ADHD and depressive symptoms. Adolescents with ADHD reported significantly greater depressive symptomatology and feelings of isolation and lower quality of friendships. Together, friendship and isolation related loneliness fully mediated the relationship between ADHD and depressive symptoms. Loneliness is associated with depression in adolescents with ADHD and may be an important consideration when addressing symptoms of depression among young people diagnosed with ADHD.
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Metagegevens
Titel
Loneliness Accounts for the Association Between Diagnosed Attention Deficit-Hyperactivity Disorder and Symptoms of Depression Among Adolescents
Auteurs
Stephen Houghton
David Lawrence
Simon C. Hunter
Corinne Zadow
Michael Kyron
Roger Paterson
Annemaree Carroll
Richard Christie
Mark Brandtman
Publicatiedatum
31-01-2020
Uitgeverij
Springer US
Gepubliceerd in
Journal of Psychopathology and Behavioral Assessment / Uitgave 2/2020
Print ISSN: 0882-2689
Elektronisch ISSN: 1573-3505
DOI
https://doi.org/10.1007/s10862-020-09791-x