Swipe om te navigeren naar een ander artikel
The current study investigated the relation of callous-unemotional (CU) traits to bullying, victimization, and proactive and reactive aggression. We also examined whether CU traits will be more strongly related to groups of children exhibiting combined or pure forms of proactive and reactive aggression and combined or pure forms of bullying and victimization. The findings suggested that the presence of CU traits, which consists of three dimensions of behavior, uncaring, callousness, and unemotional, may designate important subgroups of aggressive children. Evidence suggested that the adolescents characterized by higher levels of CU traits were more likely to exhibit combined proactive and reactive aggression in comparison to pure forms of proactive or reactive aggression. Additionally, bullies scored higher on the uncaring dimension, and bully-victims (adolescents exhibiting both bullying and victimization) scored higher on the callous dimension. In contrast, victims of bullying scored lower on the uncaring dimension of behavior.
Log in om toegang te krijgen
Met onderstaand(e) abonnement(en) heeft u direct toegang:
Akaike, H. (1987). Factor analysis and AIC. Psychometrika, 52, 317–332. CrossRef
Brislin, R. W. (1970). Back-translation for cross-cultural research. Journal of Cross-Cultural Psychology, 1, 185–216. CrossRef
Burke, J. D., Loeber, R., & Lahey, B. B. (2007). Adolescent Conduct Disorder and Interpersonal Callousness as Predictors of Psychopathy in Young Adults. Journal of Clinical Child & Adolescent Psychology, 36, 334–346.
Camodeca, M., Goossens, F. A., Terwogt, M. M., & Schuengel, C. (2002). Bullying and victimization among school-age children: Stability and links to proactive and reactive aggression. Social Development, 11(3), 332–345. CrossRef
Carney, A. G., & Merrell, K. W. (2001). Bullying in schools: Perspective on understanding and preventing an international problem. School Psychology International, 22(3), 364–382. CrossRef
Chen, F. F., West, S. G., & Sousa, K. H. (2006). A comparison of bifactor and second-order models of quality of life. Multivariate Behavioral Research, 41(2), 189–225. CrossRef
Cleckley, H. (1976). The mask of sanity (5th ed.). Saint Louis: Mosby.
Dodge, K. A. (1991). The structure and function of reactive and proactive aggression in the development and treatment of childhood aggression. In D. J. Pepler, & K. H. Rubin (Eds.), The development and treatment of childhood aggression (pp. 201–218). Hillsdale, NJ: Erlbaum.
Dodge, K. A., & Coie, J. D. (1987). Social-information processing factors in reactive and proactive aggression in children’s peer groups. Journal of Personality and Social Psychology, 52, 1146–1158. CrossRef
Espelage, D. L., Mebane, S. E., & Adams, R. S. (2004). Empathy, caring, and bullying: Toward an understanding of complex associations. In D. L. Espelage, & S. M. Swearer (Eds.), Bullying in American schools: A social-ecological perspective on prevention and intervention (pp. 37– 61). Mahwah, NJ: Erlbaum.
Fanti, K. A. (2008). Development and co-development of aggressive and depressive psychopathology: Infancy to early adolescence. Saarbruecken: VDM Verlag.
Farrington, D. P.Understanding and preventing bullying. In M. Tonry, & N. Morris (Eds.), Crime and Justice (pp. 381–458). Chicago: Chicago University press.
Frick, P. J. (2004). The Inventory of Callous-Unemotional Traits. Unpublished rating scale.
Frick, P. J., & Hare, R. D. (2001). The Antisocial Process Screening Device (APSD). Toronto: Multi-Health Systems.
Griffin, R. S., & Gross, A. M. (2004). Childhood bullying: Current empirical findings and future directions for research. Aggression and Violent Behavior, 9, 379–400. CrossRef
Hilton, J. M., Desrochers, S., & Devall, E. L. (2001). Comparison of role demands, relationships, and child functioning in single-mother, single father, and intact families. Journal of Divorce and Remarriage, 35(1–2), 29–56. CrossRef
Hu, L., & Bentler, P. M. (1998). Fit indices in covariance structure modeling: Sensitivity to underparametrized model misspecification. Psychological Methods, 3, 424–453. CrossRef
Hunt, M. H., Meyers, J., Jarrett, O., & Neel, J. (2005). Student Survey of Bullying Behavior: Preliminary Development and Results from Six Elementary Schools. Atlanta, Georgia: Georgia State University, Center for Research on School Safety, School Climate and Classroom Management.
Kimonis, E. R., Frick, P. J., Skeem, J., Marsee, M. A., Cruise, K., Munoz, L. C., Aucoin, K. J., & Morris, A. S. (2008). Assessing callous-unemotional traits in adolescent offenders: Validation of the Inventory of Callous-Unemotional Traits. Journal of the International Association of Psychiatry and Law, 31(3), 241–52. CrossRef
Kline, R. B. (1998). Principles and practice of structural equation modeling. New York: The Guilford Press.
Kokkinos, C. M., & Panayiotou, G. (2004). Predicting bullying and victimization among early adolescents: Associations with disruptive behavior disorders. Aggressive Behavior, 30, 520–533. CrossRef
Kruh, I. P., Frick, P. J., & Clements, C. B. (2005). Historical and personality correlates to the violence patterns of juveniles tried as adults. Criminal Justice and Behavior, 32(1), 69–96. CrossRef
Loney, B. R., Frick, P. J., Clements, C. B., Ellis, M. L., & Kerlin, K. (2003). Callous- unemotional traits, impulsivity, and emotional processing in antisocial adolescents. Journal of Clinical Child and Adolescent Psychology, 32, 66–80. PubMed
Mayberry, M. L., & Espelage, D. L. (2007). Associations among empathy, social competence, & reactive/proactive aggression subtypes. Journal of Youth and Adolescence, 36, 787–798. CrossRef
Muthén, L. K., & Muthén, B. O. (1998–2007). Mplus User’ s Guide. Fifth Edition. Los Angeles, CA: Muthén & Muthén.
Nottelman, E. D., & Jensen, P. S. (1995). Comorbidity of disorders in children and adolescents: Developmental perspectives. In T. H. Ollendick, & R. J. Prinz (Eds.), Advances in clinical child psychology (vol. Vol. 17, (pp. 109–155)). New York: Plenum.
Offord, D. R., Boyle, M. H., & Racine, Y. A. (1991). The epidemiology of antisocial behavior in childhood and adolescence. In D. J. Pepler, & K. H. Rubin (Eds.), The development and treatment of childhood aggression (pp. 31–54). Hillsdale, NJ: Erlbaum.
Olweus, D. (1993). Bullying at school: What we know and what we can do. Oxford: Blackwell.
Pelligrini, A. D., Bartini, M., & Brooks, F. (1999). School bullies, victims, and aggressive victims: Factors relating to group affiliation and victimization in early adolescence. Journal of Educational Psychology, 91, 216–224. CrossRef
Porter, S., & Woodworth, M. (2006). Psychopathy and aggression. In C. Patrick (Ed.), Handbook of psychopathy (pp. 481–494). New York: Guilford.
Pulkkinen, L. (1996). Proactive and reactive aggression in early adolescence as precursors to anti- and prosocial behaviors in young adults. Aggressive Behavior, 22, 241–257. CrossRef
Raine, A., Dodge, K., Loeber, R., Gatzke-Kopp, L., Lynam, D., Raynolds, C., et al. (2006). The reactive-proactive aggression questionnaire: Differential correlated of reactive and proactive aggression in adolescent boys. Aggressive Behavior, 32, 159–171. CrossRef
Rigby, K. (2002). New perspective on bullying. London: Jessica Kingsley.
Salimivalli, C., & Nieminen, E. (2002). Proactive and reactive aggression among school bullies, victims, and bully-victims. Aggressive Behavior, 28, 30–44. CrossRef
Schwartz, D., Proctor, L. J., & Chicn, D. H. (2001). The aggressive victim of bullying: Emotional and behavioral dysregulation as a pathway to victimization by peers. In J. Juvonen, & S. Graham (Eds.), Peer harassment in school The plight of the vulnerable and victimized (pp. (147–174)). New York/London: The Guilford Press.
Seals, D., & Young, J. (2003). Bullying and victimization: prevalence and relationship to gender, grade level, ethnicity, self-esteem and depression. Adolescence, 38(152), 735–747. PubMed
Varjas, K., Meyers, J., & Hunt, M. H. (2006). Student Survey of Bullying Behavior -Revised 2 (SSBB-R2). Atlanta, Georgia: Georgia State University, Center for Research on School Safety, School Climate and Classroom Management.
Williamson, S., Hare, R. D., & Wong, S. (1987). Violence: Psychopaths and their victims. Canadian Journal of Behavioural Sciences, 19, 454–462.
- Linking Callous-Unemotional Traits to Instrumental and Non-Instrumental Forms of Aggression
Kostas A. Fanti
Paul J. Frick
- Springer US
Journal of Psychopathology and Behavioral Assessment
Print ISSN: 0882-2689
Elektronisch ISSN: 1573-3505