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The online version of this article (doi:10.1007/s10803-017-3161-x) contains supplementary material, which is available to authorized users.
Karen R. Black and Ryan A. Stevenson contributed equally to this publication.
Sensory hypersensitivity and insistence on sameness (I/S) are common, co-occurring features of autism, yet the relationship between them is poorly understood. This study assessed the impact of sensory hypersensitivity on the clinical symptoms of specific phobia, separation anxiety, social anxiety and I/S for autistic and typically developing (TD) children. Parents of 79 children completed questionnaires on their child’s difficulties related to sensory processing, I/S, and anxiety. Results demonstrated that sensory hypersensitivity mediated 67% of the relationship between symptoms of specific phobia and I/S and 57% of the relationship between separation anxiety and I/S. No relationship was observed between sensory hypersensitivity and social anxiety. These mediation effects of sensory hypersensitivity were found only in autistic children, not in TD children.
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- Linking Anxiety and Insistence on Sameness in Autistic Children: The Role of Sensory Hypersensitivity
Karen R. Black
Ryan A. Stevenson
Busiswe L. Ncube
Sol Z. Sun
James M. Bebko
Morgan D. Barense
- Springer US