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11-04-2015

Life Satisfaction Moderates the Effectiveness of a Play-Based Parenting Intervention in Low-Income Mothers and Toddlers

Auteurs: Rebecca L. Brock, Grazyna Kochanska, Michael W. O’Hara, Rebecca S. Grekin

Gepubliceerd in: Research on Child and Adolescent Psychopathology | Uitgave 7/2015

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Abstract

This multi-method multi-trait study examined moderators and mediators of change in the context of a parenting intervention. Low-income, diverse mothers of toddlers (average age 30 months; N = 186, 90 girls) participated in a play-based intervention (Child-Oriented Play versus Play-as-Usual) aimed at increasing children’s committed compliance and reducing opposition toward their mothers, observed in prohibition contexts, and at reducing mother-rated children’s behavior problems 6 months after the intervention. Mothers’ subjective sense of life satisfaction and fulfillment during the intervention and objective ratings of psychosocial functioning by clinicians, obtained in a clinical interview were posed as moderators, and mothers’ observed power-assertive discipline immediately following the intervention was modeled as a mediator of its impact. We tested moderated mediation using structural equation modeling, with all baseline scores (prior to randomization) controlled. Mothers’ subjective sense of life satisfaction moderated the impact of the intervention, but clinicians’ ratings did not. For mothers highly satisfied with their lives, participating in Child-Oriented Play group, compared to Play-as-Usual group, led to a reduction in power-assertive discipline which, in turn, led to children’s increased compliance and decreased opposition and externalizing problems. There were no effects for mothers who reported low life satisfaction. The study elucidates the causal sequence set in motion by the intervention, demonstrates the moderating role of mothers’ subjective life satisfaction, highlights limitations of clinicians’ ratings, and informs future prevention and intervention efforts to promote adaptive parenting.
Voetnoten
1
Notably, 18 mothers were lost to attrition from Pretest to Posttest 1, and only 6 mothers from Posttest 1 to Posttest 2. There were no significant differences between women who participated in Posttest 1 versus those who were lost to attrition with regard to demographic variables, ts ranged from −0.73 to 1.91, ns, and χ2s ranged from 0.02 to 12.48, ns. Further, rates of return at Posttest 1 or Posttest 2 were not different across the intervention groups, χ2(1) = 1.80, ns, and χ2(1) < 1.
 
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Metagegevens
Titel
Life Satisfaction Moderates the Effectiveness of a Play-Based Parenting Intervention in Low-Income Mothers and Toddlers
Auteurs
Rebecca L. Brock
Grazyna Kochanska
Michael W. O’Hara
Rebecca S. Grekin
Publicatiedatum
11-04-2015
Uitgeverij
Springer US
Gepubliceerd in
Research on Child and Adolescent Psychopathology / Uitgave 7/2015
Print ISSN: 2730-7166
Elektronisch ISSN: 2730-7174
DOI
https://doi.org/10.1007/s10802-015-0014-y

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