Skip to main content
main-content
Top

Tip

Swipe om te navigeren naar een ander artikel

Gepubliceerd in: Quality of Life Research 6/2008

01-08-2008

Life satisfaction in a sample of empty-nest elderly: a survey in the rural area of a mountainous county in China

Auteurs: Li-Juan Liu, Qiang Guo

Gepubliceerd in: Quality of Life Research | Uitgave 6/2008

Log in om toegang te krijgen
share
DELEN

Deel dit onderdeel of sectie (kopieer de link)

  • Optie A:
    Klik op de rechtermuisknop op de link en selecteer de optie “linkadres kopiëren”
  • Optie B:
    Deel de link per e-mail

Abstract

Objective

To estimate the life satisfaction and its predictors between the empty-nest and not-empty-nest elderly.

Methods

A semi-structured questionnaire including socio-demographic characteristics, physical health, and the Life Satisfaction Index (LSI), UCLA Loneliness Scale (UCLA-LS), and Geriatric Depression Scale (GDS) was administered to 275 empty-nest and 315 not-empty-nest rural elderly in a Chinese county. Linear regression analysis was used to examine the predictors of LSI score.

Results

The empty-nest elderly had lower life satisfaction, lower income, poorer relationships with children, less social support, higher prevalence of chronic diseases, and more feelings of depression and loneliness compared to the not-empty-nest elderly. “Empty-nest status” was negatively related with life satisfaction. Depression was the strongest predictor of life satisfaction in both groups. The second strongest predictor was loneliness among the empty-nest group, while it was chronic diseases among the not-empty-nest group. Marital status and income were correlated with life satisfaction only among the empty-nest elderly.

Conclusions

The empty-nest elderly were likely to have mental health problems and to feel unsatisfied with their life. These findings also emphasize the importance of mental health as the determinant of life satisfaction among the empty-nest elderly.
Literatuur
1.
go back to reference Liu, L. J., Sun, X., Zhang, C. L., & Guo, Q. (2007). Health-care utilization among empty-nesters in the rural area of a mountainous county in China. Public Health Reports, 122(3), 407–413. PubMed Liu, L. J., Sun, X., Zhang, C. L., & Guo, Q. (2007). Health-care utilization among empty-nesters in the rural area of a mountainous county in China. Public Health Reports, 122(3), 407–413. PubMed
3.
go back to reference Greendale, G. A., Salem, G. J., Young, J. T., Damesyn, M., Marion, M., Wang, M. Y., et al. (2000). A randomized trial of weighted vest use in ambulatory older adults: strength, performance, and quality of life outcomes. Journal of the American Geriatrics Society, 48(3), 305–311. PubMed Greendale, G. A., Salem, G. J., Young, J. T., Damesyn, M., Marion, M., Wang, M. Y., et al. (2000). A randomized trial of weighted vest use in ambulatory older adults: strength, performance, and quality of life outcomes. Journal of the American Geriatrics Society, 48(3), 305–311. PubMed
4.
go back to reference Osborne, R. H., Hawthorne, G., Lew, E. A., & Gray, L. C. (2003). Quality of life assessment in the community-dwelling elderly: Validation of the Assessment of Quality of Life (AQoL) instrument and comparison with the SF-36. Journal of Clinical Epidemiology, 56(2), 138–147. doi: 10.​1016/​S0895-4356(02)00601-7. PubMedCrossRef Osborne, R. H., Hawthorne, G., Lew, E. A., & Gray, L. C. (2003). Quality of life assessment in the community-dwelling elderly: Validation of the Assessment of Quality of Life (AQoL) instrument and comparison with the SF-36. Journal of Clinical Epidemiology, 56(2), 138–147. doi: 10.​1016/​S0895-4356(02)00601-7. PubMedCrossRef
5.
go back to reference von Heideken Wågert, P., Rönnmark, B., Rosendahl, E., Lundin-Olsson, L., Gustavsson, J. M., Nygren, B., et al. (2005). Morale in the oldest old: The Umeå 85+ study. Age and Ageing, 34(3), 249–255. doi: 10.​1093/​ageing/​afi044. CrossRef von Heideken Wågert, P., Rönnmark, B., Rosendahl, E., Lundin-Olsson, L., Gustavsson, J. M., Nygren, B., et al. (2005). Morale in the oldest old: The Umeå 85+ study. Age and Ageing, 34(3), 249–255. doi: 10.​1093/​ageing/​afi044. CrossRef
7.
go back to reference Inal, S., Subasi, F., Ay, S. M., & Hayran, O. (2007). The links between health-related behaviors and life satisfaction in elderly individuals who prefer institutional living. BMC Health Services Research, 7, 30. doi: 10.​1186/​1472-6963-7-30. PubMedCrossRef Inal, S., Subasi, F., Ay, S. M., & Hayran, O. (2007). The links between health-related behaviors and life satisfaction in elderly individuals who prefer institutional living. BMC Health Services Research, 7, 30. doi: 10.​1186/​1472-6963-7-30. PubMedCrossRef
8.
go back to reference Lipovcan, L. K., Brkljacić, T., & Sakić, V. (2007). Monthly income and subjective well-being of Croatian citizens. Croatian Medical Journal, 48(5), 727–733. PubMed Lipovcan, L. K., Brkljacić, T., & Sakić, V. (2007). Monthly income and subjective well-being of Croatian citizens. Croatian Medical Journal, 48(5), 727–733. PubMed
9.
go back to reference Stolar, G. E., MacEntee, M. I., & Hill, P. (1992). Seniors’ assessment of their health and life satisfaction: The case for contextual evaluation. International Journal of Aging & Human Development, 35(4), 305–317. Stolar, G. E., MacEntee, M. I., & Hill, P. (1992). Seniors’ assessment of their health and life satisfaction: The case for contextual evaluation. International Journal of Aging & Human Development, 35(4), 305–317.
10.
go back to reference Swami, V., Chamorro-Premuzic, T., Sinniah, D., Maniam, T., Kannan, K., Stanistreet, D., et al. (2007). General health mediates the relationship between loneliness, life satisfaction and depression. A study with Malaysian medical students. Social Psychiatry and Psychiatric Epidemiology, 42(2), 161–166. doi: 10.​1007/​s00127-006-0140-5. PubMedCrossRef Swami, V., Chamorro-Premuzic, T., Sinniah, D., Maniam, T., Kannan, K., Stanistreet, D., et al. (2007). General health mediates the relationship between loneliness, life satisfaction and depression. A study with Malaysian medical students. Social Psychiatry and Psychiatric Epidemiology, 42(2), 161–166. doi: 10.​1007/​s00127-006-0140-5. PubMedCrossRef
13.
go back to reference Long, M. V., & Martin, P. (2000). Personality, relationship closeness, and loneliness of oldest old adults and their children. The Journals of Gerontology. Series B, Psychological Sciences and Social Sciences, 55(5), 311–319. Long, M. V., & Martin, P. (2000). Personality, relationship closeness, and loneliness of oldest old adults and their children. The Journals of Gerontology. Series B, Psychological Sciences and Social Sciences, 55(5), 311–319.
14.
go back to reference Pillay, A. L. (1988). Midlife depression and the “empty nest” syndrome in Indian women. Psychological Reports, 63(2), 591–594. PubMed Pillay, A. L. (1988). Midlife depression and the “empty nest” syndrome in Indian women. Psychological Reports, 63(2), 591–594. PubMed
15.
go back to reference Wood, V., Wylie, M. L., & Sheafor, B. (1969). An analysis of a short self-report measure of life satisfaction: Correlation with rater judgments. Journal of Gerontology, 24(4), 465–469. PubMed Wood, V., Wylie, M. L., & Sheafor, B. (1969). An analysis of a short self-report measure of life satisfaction: Correlation with rater judgments. Journal of Gerontology, 24(4), 465–469. PubMed
16.
go back to reference Morgan, K., Dallosso, H. M., Arie, T., Byrne, E. J., Jones, R., & Waite, J. (1987). Mental health and psychological well-being among the old and the very old living at home. The British Journal of Psychiatry, 150, 801–807. PubMedCrossRef Morgan, K., Dallosso, H. M., Arie, T., Byrne, E. J., Jones, R., & Waite, J. (1987). Mental health and psychological well-being among the old and the very old living at home. The British Journal of Psychiatry, 150, 801–807. PubMedCrossRef
19.
20.
go back to reference SPSS, Inc. (1999). SPSS: Version 10.0 for Windows. Chicago: SPSS, Inc. SPSS, Inc. (1999). SPSS: Version 10.0 for Windows. Chicago: SPSS, Inc.
22.
go back to reference Strine, T. W., Chapman, D. P., Balluz, L. S., Moriarty, D. G., & Mokdad, A. H. (2008). The associations between life satisfaction and health-related quality of life, chronic illness, and health behaviors among U.S. community-dwelling adults. Journal of Community Health, 33(1), 40–50. doi: 10.​1007/​s10900-007-9066-4. PubMedCrossRef Strine, T. W., Chapman, D. P., Balluz, L. S., Moriarty, D. G., & Mokdad, A. H. (2008). The associations between life satisfaction and health-related quality of life, chronic illness, and health behaviors among U.S. community-dwelling adults. Journal of Community Health, 33(1), 40–50. doi: 10.​1007/​s10900-007-9066-4. PubMedCrossRef
23.
go back to reference Fahrenberg, B. (1986). Coping with the empty nest situation as a developmental task for the aging female—an analysis of the literature. Zeitschrift fur Gerontologie, 19(5), 323–335. PubMed Fahrenberg, B. (1986). Coping with the empty nest situation as a developmental task for the aging female—an analysis of the literature. Zeitschrift fur Gerontologie, 19(5), 323–335. PubMed
24.
go back to reference Pelkonen, M. (2008). Smoking: relationship to chronic bronchitis, chronic obstructive pulmonary disease and mortality. Current Opinion in Pulmonary Medicine, 14(2), 105–109. PubMed Pelkonen, M. (2008). Smoking: relationship to chronic bronchitis, chronic obstructive pulmonary disease and mortality. Current Opinion in Pulmonary Medicine, 14(2), 105–109. PubMed
Metagegevens
Titel
Life satisfaction in a sample of empty-nest elderly: a survey in the rural area of a mountainous county in China
Auteurs
Li-Juan Liu
Qiang Guo
Publicatiedatum
01-08-2008
Uitgeverij
Springer Netherlands
Gepubliceerd in
Quality of Life Research / Uitgave 6/2008
Print ISSN: 0962-9343
Elektronisch ISSN: 1573-2649
DOI
https://doi.org/10.1007/s11136-008-9370-1