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2019 | OriginalPaper | Hoofdstuk

1. Life course approach in women’s health

Auteurs : PhD Romy Gaillard, MD, PhD Keith M. Godfrey, MD, PhD Professor Vincent W. V. Jaddoe

Gepubliceerd in: Textbook of Obstetrics and Gynaecology

Uitgeverij: Bohn Stafleu van Loghum

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Summary

Women’s reproductive health is a major determinant for pregnancy outcomes and their risk of various non-communicable diseases in later life. Besides the consequences for a woman’s own health, it also has important health consequences for her offspring. Adverse maternal exposures during pregnancy may adversely affect foetal development, leading to permanent developmental adaptations which predispose offspring to an increased risk of non-communicable diseases in adulthood. Using this life course approach to women’s health, we need to identify and create opportunities to improve women’s health through their life course and the health of future generations both at a population level as well as in patient care by using a multidisciplinary approach from early life onwards.
Bijlagen
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Woordenlijst
Life course approach (also known as life course perspective or life course theory)
A life course approach is the assessment of the influence of exposures and events at different stages in life (gestation, childhood, adolescence, young adulthood and midlife) on health outcomes throughout the life course and in future generations. It aims to identify underlying biological, behavioural and psychosocial processes that operate across the life span and the potential for interventions in populations and individuals
Development origins of health and disease hypothesis
This hypothesis proposes that adverse exposures at different stages of foetal and early postnatal development lead to permanent adaptations in the structure, physiology and function of various organ systems, which may contribute to short-term survival, but increase susceptibility to disease in later life
Mismatch hypothesis
This hypothesis proposes that developmental mismatch between the early life environment and the subsequent environment in childhood and adulthood leads to an increased risk of non-communicable diseases in later life
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Metagegevens
Titel
Life course approach in women’s health
Auteurs
PhD Romy Gaillard
MD, PhD Keith M. Godfrey
MD, PhD Professor Vincent W. V. Jaddoe
Copyright
2019
Uitgeverij
Bohn Stafleu van Loghum
DOI
https://doi.org/10.1007/978-90-368-2131-5_1