Skip to main content
main-content
Top

Tip

Swipe om te navigeren naar een ander artikel

Gepubliceerd in: Netherlands Heart Journal 3/2012

01-03-2012 | Review Article

Left ventricular endocardial pacing in cardiac resynchronisation therapy: Moving from bench to bedside

Auteurs: F. A. Bracke, B. M. van Gelder, L. R. C. Dekker, P. Houthuizen, J. F. ter Woorst, J. A. Teijink

Gepubliceerd in: Netherlands Heart Journal | Uitgave 3/2012

Log in om toegang te krijgen
share
DELEN

Deel dit onderdeel of sectie (kopieer de link)

  • Optie A:
    Klik op de rechtermuisknop op de link en selecteer de optie “linkadres kopiëren”
  • Optie B:
    Deel de link per e-mail

Abstract

In cardiac resynchronisation therapy, failure to implant a left ventricular lead in a coronary sinus branch has been reported in up to 10% of cases. Although surgical insertion of epicardial leads is considered the standard alternative, this is not without morbidity and technical limitations. Endocardial left ventricular pacing can be an alternative as it has been associated with a favourable acute haemodynamic response compared with epicardial pacing in both animal and human studies. In this paper, we discuss left ventricular endocardial pacing and compare it with epicardial surgical implantation. Ease of application and procedural complications and morbidity compare favourably with epicardial surgical techniques. However, with limited experience, the most important concern is the still unknown long-term risk of thromboembolic complications. Therefore, for now endovascular implants should remain reserved for severely symptomatic heart failure patients and patients at high surgical risk of failed coronary sinus implantation.
Literatuur
1.
go back to reference Abraham WT, Fisher WG, Smith AL, et al. Cardiac resynchronization in chronic heart failure. N Engl J Med. 2002;346:1845–53. PubMedCrossRef Abraham WT, Fisher WG, Smith AL, et al. Cardiac resynchronization in chronic heart failure. N Engl J Med. 2002;346:1845–53. PubMedCrossRef
2.
go back to reference Cazeau S, Leclercq C, Lavergne T, et al. Effects of multisite biventricular pacing in patients with heart failure and intraventricular conduction delay. N Engl J Med. 2001;344:873–80. PubMedCrossRef Cazeau S, Leclercq C, Lavergne T, et al. Effects of multisite biventricular pacing in patients with heart failure and intraventricular conduction delay. N Engl J Med. 2001;344:873–80. PubMedCrossRef
3.
go back to reference Cleland JGF, Daubert J-C, Erdmann E, et al. The effect of cardiac resynchronization on morbidity and mortality in heart failure. N Engl J Med. 2005;352:1539–49. PubMedCrossRef Cleland JGF, Daubert J-C, Erdmann E, et al. The effect of cardiac resynchronization on morbidity and mortality in heart failure. N Engl J Med. 2005;352:1539–49. PubMedCrossRef
4.
go back to reference Auricchio A, Stellbrink C, Sack S, et al. Long-term clinical effect of hemodynamically optimized cardiac resynchronization therapy in patients with heart failure and ventricular conduction delay. J Am Coll Cardiol. 2002;39:2026–33. PubMedCrossRef Auricchio A, Stellbrink C, Sack S, et al. Long-term clinical effect of hemodynamically optimized cardiac resynchronization therapy in patients with heart failure and ventricular conduction delay. J Am Coll Cardiol. 2002;39:2026–33. PubMedCrossRef
5.
go back to reference León AR, Abraham WT, Curtis AB, et al. Safety of transvenous cardiac resynchronization system implantation in patients with chronic heart failure: combined results of over 2000 patients from a multicenter study program. J Am Coll Cardiol. 2005;46:2348–56. PubMedCrossRef León AR, Abraham WT, Curtis AB, et al. Safety of transvenous cardiac resynchronization system implantation in patients with chronic heart failure: combined results of over 2000 patients from a multicenter study program. J Am Coll Cardiol. 2005;46:2348–56. PubMedCrossRef
6.
go back to reference Gras D, Leclercq C, Tang ASL, et al. Cardiac resynchronization therapy in advanced heart failure the multicenter InSync clinical study. Eur J Heart Fail. 2002;4:311–20. PubMedCrossRef Gras D, Leclercq C, Tang ASL, et al. Cardiac resynchronization therapy in advanced heart failure the multicenter InSync clinical study. Eur J Heart Fail. 2002;4:311–20. PubMedCrossRef
7.
go back to reference Doll N, Opfermann UT, Rastan AJ, et al. Facilitated minimally invasive left ventricular epicardial lead placement. Ann Thorac Surg. 2005;79:1023–5. PubMedCrossRef Doll N, Opfermann UT, Rastan AJ, et al. Facilitated minimally invasive left ventricular epicardial lead placement. Ann Thorac Surg. 2005;79:1023–5. PubMedCrossRef
8.
go back to reference Gabor S, Prenner G, Wasler A, et al. A simplified technique for implantation of left ventricular epicardial leads for biventricular resynchronisation using video-assisted thoracoscopy (VATS). Eur J Cardio Thorac Surg. 2005;28:797–800. CrossRef Gabor S, Prenner G, Wasler A, et al. A simplified technique for implantation of left ventricular epicardial leads for biventricular resynchronisation using video-assisted thoracoscopy (VATS). Eur J Cardio Thorac Surg. 2005;28:797–800. CrossRef
9.
go back to reference Jansens J-L, Jottrand M, Preumont N, et al. Robotic-enhanced biventricular resynchronization: an alternative to endovenous cardiac resynchronization therapy in chronic heart failure. Ann Thorac Surg. 2003;76:413–7. PubMedCrossRef Jansens J-L, Jottrand M, Preumont N, et al. Robotic-enhanced biventricular resynchronization: an alternative to endovenous cardiac resynchronization therapy in chronic heart failure. Ann Thorac Surg. 2003;76:413–7. PubMedCrossRef
10.
go back to reference Mair H, Sachweh J, Meuris B, et al. Surgical epicardial left ventricular lead versus coronary sinus lead placement in biventricular pacing. Eur J Cardiothorac Surg. 2005 1;27(2):235–42. Mair H, Sachweh J, Meuris B, et al. Surgical epicardial left ventricular lead versus coronary sinus lead placement in biventricular pacing. Eur J Cardiothorac Surg. 2005 1;27(2):235–42.
11.
go back to reference Navia JL, Atik FA. Minimally invasive surgical alternatives for left ventricle epicardial lead implantation in heart failure patients. Ann Thorac Surg. 2005;80:751–4. PubMedCrossRef Navia JL, Atik FA. Minimally invasive surgical alternatives for left ventricle epicardial lead implantation in heart failure patients. Ann Thorac Surg. 2005;80:751–4. PubMedCrossRef
12.
go back to reference Puglisi A, Lunati M, Marullo AGM, et al. Limited thoracotomy as a second choice alternative to transvenous implant for cardiac resynchronisation therapy delivery. Eur Heart J. 2004;25:1063–9. PubMedCrossRef Puglisi A, Lunati M, Marullo AGM, et al. Limited thoracotomy as a second choice alternative to transvenous implant for cardiac resynchronisation therapy delivery. Eur Heart J. 2004;25:1063–9. PubMedCrossRef
13.
go back to reference Bracke FA, Houthuizen P, Rahel BM, et al. Left ventricular endocardial pacing improves the clinical efficacy in a non-responder to cardiac resynchronization therapy: role of acute haemodynamic testing. Europace. 2010;12:1032–4. PubMedCrossRef Bracke FA, Houthuizen P, Rahel BM, et al. Left ventricular endocardial pacing improves the clinical efficacy in a non-responder to cardiac resynchronization therapy: role of acute haemodynamic testing. Europace. 2010;12:1032–4. PubMedCrossRef
14.
go back to reference van Deursen C, van Geldorp IE, Rademakers LM, et al. Left ventricular endocardial pacing improves resynchronization therapy in canine left bundle-branch hearts. Circ Arrhythm Electrophysiol. 2009;2:580–7. PubMedCrossRef van Deursen C, van Geldorp IE, Rademakers LM, et al. Left ventricular endocardial pacing improves resynchronization therapy in canine left bundle-branch hearts. Circ Arrhythm Electrophysiol. 2009;2:580–7. PubMedCrossRef
15.
go back to reference Rademakers LM, van Kerckhoven R, van Deursen CJM, et al. Myocardial infarction does not preclude electrical and hemodynamic benefits of cardiac resynchronization therapy in dyssynchronous canine hearts. Circ Arrhythm Electrophysiol. 2010;3:361–8. PubMedCrossRef Rademakers LM, van Kerckhoven R, van Deursen CJM, et al. Myocardial infarction does not preclude electrical and hemodynamic benefits of cardiac resynchronization therapy in dyssynchronous canine hearts. Circ Arrhythm Electrophysiol. 2010;3:361–8. PubMedCrossRef
16.
go back to reference Derval N, Steendijk P, Gula LJ, et al. Optimizing hemodynamics in heart failure patients by systematic screening of left ventricular pacing sites: the lateral left ventricular wall and the coronary sinus are rarely the best sites. J Am Coll Cardiol. 2010;55:566–75. PubMedCrossRef Derval N, Steendijk P, Gula LJ, et al. Optimizing hemodynamics in heart failure patients by systematic screening of left ventricular pacing sites: the lateral left ventricular wall and the coronary sinus are rarely the best sites. J Am Coll Cardiol. 2010;55:566–75. PubMedCrossRef
17.
go back to reference Spragg DD, Dong J, Fetics BJ, et al. Optimal left ventricular endocardial pacing sites for cardiac resynchronization therapy in patients with ischemic cardiomyopathy. J Am Coll Cardiol. 2010;56:774–81. PubMedCrossRef Spragg DD, Dong J, Fetics BJ, et al. Optimal left ventricular endocardial pacing sites for cardiac resynchronization therapy in patients with ischemic cardiomyopathy. J Am Coll Cardiol. 2010;56:774–81. PubMedCrossRef
18.
go back to reference Jaïs P, Douard H, Shah DC, et al. Endocardial biventricular pacing. Pacing Clin Electrophysiol. 1998;21:2128–31. PubMedCrossRef Jaïs P, Douard H, Shah DC, et al. Endocardial biventricular pacing. Pacing Clin Electrophysiol. 1998;21:2128–31. PubMedCrossRef
19.
go back to reference Leclercq F, Hager FX, Macia JC, et al. Left ventricular lead insertion using a modified transseptal catheterization technique: a totally endocardial approach for permanent biventricular pacing in end-stage heart failure. Pacing Clin Electrophysiol. 1999;22:1570–5. PubMedCrossRef Leclercq F, Hager FX, Macia JC, et al. Left ventricular lead insertion using a modified transseptal catheterization technique: a totally endocardial approach for permanent biventricular pacing in end-stage heart failure. Pacing Clin Electrophysiol. 1999;22:1570–5. PubMedCrossRef
20.
go back to reference Ji S, Cesario DA, Swerdlow CD, et al. Left ventricular endocardial lead placement using a modified transseptal approach. J Cardiovasc Electrophysiol. 2004;15:234–36. PubMedCrossRef Ji S, Cesario DA, Swerdlow CD, et al. Left ventricular endocardial lead placement using a modified transseptal approach. J Cardiovasc Electrophysiol. 2004;15:234–36. PubMedCrossRef
21.
go back to reference van Gelder BM, Scheffer MG, Meijer A, et al. Transseptal endocardial left ventricular pacing: an alternative technique for coronary sinus lead placement in cardiac resynchronization therapy. Heart Rhythm. 2007;4:454–60. PubMedCrossRef van Gelder BM, Scheffer MG, Meijer A, et al. Transseptal endocardial left ventricular pacing: an alternative technique for coronary sinus lead placement in cardiac resynchronization therapy. Heart Rhythm. 2007;4:454–60. PubMedCrossRef
22.
go back to reference McWilliams MJ, Tchou P. The use of a standard radiofrequency energy delivery system to facilitate transseptal puncture. J Cardiovasc Electrophysiol. 2009;20:238–40. PubMedCrossRef McWilliams MJ, Tchou P. The use of a standard radiofrequency energy delivery system to facilitate transseptal puncture. J Cardiovasc Electrophysiol. 2009;20:238–40. PubMedCrossRef
23.
go back to reference Brockenbrough EC, Braunwald E, Ross J. Transseptal left heart catheterization a review of 450 studies and description of an improved technique. Circulation. 1962;25:15–21. PubMed Brockenbrough EC, Braunwald E, Ross J. Transseptal left heart catheterization a review of 450 studies and description of an improved technique. Circulation. 1962;25:15–21. PubMed
24.
go back to reference Gamal El M, van Gelder B. Preliminary experience with the helifix electrode for transvenous atrial implantation. Pacing Clin Electrophysiol. 1979;2:444–54. CrossRef Gamal El M, van Gelder B. Preliminary experience with the helifix electrode for transvenous atrial implantation. Pacing Clin Electrophysiol. 1979;2:444–54. CrossRef
25.
go back to reference Bracke FA, Ozdemir I, van Gelder B. The femoral route revisited: an alternative for pectoral pacing lead implantation. Neth Heart J. 2010;18:42–4. PubMed Bracke FA, Ozdemir I, van Gelder B. The femoral route revisited: an alternative for pectoral pacing lead implantation. Neth Heart J. 2010;18:42–4. PubMed
26.
go back to reference Dhillon PS, Gallagher MM. Femoral vein implantation with subclavian vein pullthrough for left ventricular lead placement. Europace. 2010;12:1193–4. PubMedCrossRef Dhillon PS, Gallagher MM. Femoral vein implantation with subclavian vein pullthrough for left ventricular lead placement. Europace. 2010;12:1193–4. PubMedCrossRef
27.
go back to reference van Gelder BM, Houthuizen P, Bracke FA. Transseptal left ventricular endocardial pacing: preliminary experience from a femoral approach with subclavian pull-through. Europace. 2011 published online May 11; doi: 0.1093/europace/eur136 van Gelder BM, Houthuizen P, Bracke FA. Transseptal left ventricular endocardial pacing: preliminary experience from a femoral approach with subclavian pull-through. Europace. 2011 published online May 11; doi: 0.1093/europace/eur136
28.
go back to reference Sirajuddin RA, Miller AB, Geraci SA. Anticoagulation in patients with dilated cardiomyopathy and sinus rhythm: a critical literature review. J Card Fail. 2002;8:48–53. PubMedCrossRef Sirajuddin RA, Miller AB, Geraci SA. Anticoagulation in patients with dilated cardiomyopathy and sinus rhythm: a critical literature review. J Card Fail. 2002;8:48–53. PubMedCrossRef
29.
go back to reference Pasquié JL, Massin F, Macia JC, et al. Long-term follow-up of biventricular pacing using a totally endocardial approach in patients with end-stage cardiac failure. Pacing Clin Electrophysiol. 2007;30 Suppl 1:S31–3. PubMed Pasquié JL, Massin F, Macia JC, et al. Long-term follow-up of biventricular pacing using a totally endocardial approach in patients with end-stage cardiac failure. Pacing Clin Electrophysiol. 2007;30 Suppl 1:S31–3. PubMed
30.
go back to reference Jaïs P, Takahashi A, Garrigue S, et al. Mid-term follow-up of endocardial biventricular pacing. Pacing Clin Electrophysiol. 2000;23:1744–7. PubMed Jaïs P, Takahashi A, Garrigue S, et al. Mid-term follow-up of endocardial biventricular pacing. Pacing Clin Electrophysiol. 2000;23:1744–7. PubMed
31.
go back to reference Bordachar P, Derval N, Ploux S, et al. Left ventricular endocardial stimulation for severe heart failure. J Am Coll Cardiol. 2010;56:747–53. PubMedCrossRef Bordachar P, Derval N, Ploux S, et al. Left ventricular endocardial stimulation for severe heart failure. J Am Coll Cardiol. 2010;56:747–53. PubMedCrossRef
32.
go back to reference Van Gelder BM, Bracke FA, Oto A, et al. Diagnosis and management of inadvertently placed pacing and ICD leads in the left ventricle: a multicenter experience and review of the literature. Pacing Clin Electrophysiol. 2000;23:877–83. PubMedCrossRef Van Gelder BM, Bracke FA, Oto A, et al. Diagnosis and management of inadvertently placed pacing and ICD leads in the left ventricle: a multicenter experience and review of the literature. Pacing Clin Electrophysiol. 2000;23:877–83. PubMedCrossRef
33.
go back to reference Connolly SJ, Ezekowitz MD, Yusuf S, et al. Dabigatran versus warfarin in patients with atrial fibrillation. N Engl J Med. 2009;361:1139–51. PubMedCrossRef Connolly SJ, Ezekowitz MD, Yusuf S, et al. Dabigatran versus warfarin in patients with atrial fibrillation. N Engl J Med. 2009;361:1139–51. PubMedCrossRef
34.
go back to reference Palatianos GM, Dewanjee MK, Panoutsopoulos G, et al. Comparative thrombogenicity of pacemaker leads. Pacing Clin Electrophysiol. 1994;17:141–5. PubMedCrossRef Palatianos GM, Dewanjee MK, Panoutsopoulos G, et al. Comparative thrombogenicity of pacemaker leads. Pacing Clin Electrophysiol. 1994;17:141–5. PubMedCrossRef
35.
go back to reference Reinig M, White M, Levine M, et al. Left ventricular endocardial pacing: a transarterial approach. Pacing Clin Electrophysiol. 2007;30:1464–8. PubMedCrossRef Reinig M, White M, Levine M, et al. Left ventricular endocardial pacing: a transarterial approach. Pacing Clin Electrophysiol. 2007;30:1464–8. PubMedCrossRef
36.
go back to reference Koos R, Sinha A-M, Markus K, et al. Comparison of left ventricular lead placement via the coronary venous approach versus lateral thoracotomy in patients receiving cardiac resynchronization therapy. Am J Cardiol. 2004;94:59–63. PubMedCrossRef Koos R, Sinha A-M, Markus K, et al. Comparison of left ventricular lead placement via the coronary venous approach versus lateral thoracotomy in patients receiving cardiac resynchronization therapy. Am J Cardiol. 2004;94:59–63. PubMedCrossRef
37.
go back to reference van Diepen S, Bakal JA, McAlister FA, et al. Mortality and readmission of patients with heart failure, atrial fibrillation, or coronary artery disease undergoing noncardiac surgery: an analysis of 38 047 patients. Circulation. 2011;124:289–96. PubMedCrossRef van Diepen S, Bakal JA, McAlister FA, et al. Mortality and readmission of patients with heart failure, atrial fibrillation, or coronary artery disease undergoing noncardiac surgery: an analysis of 38 047 patients. Circulation. 2011;124:289–96. PubMedCrossRef
38.
go back to reference Kassai I, Foldesi C, Szekely A, et al. Alternative method for cardiac resynchronization: transapical lead implantation. Ann Thorac Surg. 2009;87:650–2. PubMedCrossRef Kassai I, Foldesi C, Szekely A, et al. Alternative method for cardiac resynchronization: transapical lead implantation. Ann Thorac Surg. 2009;87:650–2. PubMedCrossRef
39.
go back to reference Moss AJ, Hall WJ, Cannom DS, et al. Cardiac-resynchronization therapy for the prevention of heart-failure events. N Engl J Med. 2009;361:1329–38. PubMedCrossRef Moss AJ, Hall WJ, Cannom DS, et al. Cardiac-resynchronization therapy for the prevention of heart-failure events. N Engl J Med. 2009;361:1329–38. PubMedCrossRef
40.
go back to reference Tang ASL, Wells GA, Talajic M, et al. Cardiac-resynchronization therapy for mild-to-moderate heart failure. N Engl J Med. 2010;363:2385–95. PubMedCrossRef Tang ASL, Wells GA, Talajic M, et al. Cardiac-resynchronization therapy for mild-to-moderate heart failure. N Engl J Med. 2010;363:2385–95. PubMedCrossRef
Metagegevens
Titel
Left ventricular endocardial pacing in cardiac resynchronisation therapy: Moving from bench to bedside
Auteurs
F. A. Bracke
B. M. van Gelder
L. R. C. Dekker
P. Houthuizen
J. F. ter Woorst
J. A. Teijink
Publicatiedatum
01-03-2012
Uitgeverij
Bohn Stafleu van Loghum
Gepubliceerd in
Netherlands Heart Journal / Uitgave 3/2012
Print ISSN: 1568-5888
Elektronisch ISSN: 1876-6250
DOI
https://doi.org/10.1007/s12471-011-0210-5

Andere artikelen Uitgave 3/2012

Netherlands Heart Journal 3/2012 Naar de uitgave