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Journal of Behavioral Medicine OnlineFirst articles


A multimethod approach examining the relative contributions of optimism and pessimism to cardiovascular disease risk markers

Although dispositional optimism and pessimism are associated with cardiovascular disease (CVD), their relative independence and unique contributions to CVD risk are unclear. This study addressed these issues by using multiple indicators of …

John M. Felt, Michael A. Russell, John M. Ruiz, Jillian A. Johnson, Bert N. Uchino, Matthew Allison, Timothy W. Smith, Daniel J. Taylor, Chul Ahn, Joshua Smyth


The relationship between minority stress and biological outcomes: A systematic review

Sexual minority (non-heterosexual) individuals experience higher rates of physical health problems. Minority stress has been the primary explanatory model to account for this disparity. The purpose of this study was to identify in published …

Annesa Flentje, Nicholas C. Heck, James Michael Brennan, Ilan H. Meyer


Caring for a spouse with advanced cancer: similarities and differences for male and female caregivers

Most caregiving literature has focused on women, who have traditionally taken on caregiving roles. However, more research is needed to clarify the mixed evidence regarding the impact of gender on caregiver/patient psychological outcomes …

Dana Ketcher, Ryan Trettevik, Susan T. Vadaparampil, Richard E. Heyman, Lee Ellington, Maija Reblin


Race-related differences in acute pain complaints among inner-city women: the role of socioeconomic status

Previous research has shown that African Americans (AA) report higher pain intensity and pain interference than other racial/ethnic groups as well as greater levels of other risk factors related to worse pain outcomes, including PTSD symptoms …

Teresa A. Lillis, John Burns, Frances Aranda, Helen J. Burgess, Yanina A. Purim-Shem-Tov, Stephen Bruehl, Jean C. Beckham, Linzy M. Pinkerton, Stevan E. Hobfoll


The moderating role of pain catastrophizing on the relationship between partner support and pain intensity: a daily diary study in patients with knee osteoarthritis

The objective of this study was to examine the day-to-day associations between partner support, pain catastrophizing and pain intensity in individuals with end-stage knee osteoarthritis. In this microlongitudinal cohort study, participants …

Junie S. Carriere, Asimina Lazaridou, Marc Olivier Martel, Marise Cornelius, Claudia Campbell, Michael Smith, Jennifer A. Haythornthwaite, Robert R. Edwards


Executive functioning and rumination as they relate to stress-induced cortisol curves

Better executive functioning may be associated with more adaptive stress responses than worse executive functioning, potentially due to less propensity for rumination. In this study, we tested the hypothesis that better executive functioning would …

Jasmin E. Guevara, Kyle W. Murdock

18-11-2019 | Brief Report

Quality of life outcomes of web-based and in-person weight management for adults with serious mental illness

Adults with serious mental illness have high rates of obesity, with associated negative impacts on health-related quality of life. The present study utilized data from a randomized controlled trial (N = 276) to examine the effectiveness of …

Anjana Muralidharan, Clayton H. Brown, Yilin Zhang, Noosha Niv, Amy N. Cohen, Julie Kreyenbuhl, Rebecca S. Oberman, Richard W. Goldberg, Alexander S. Young


Affective response as a mediator of the association between the physical and social environment and physical activity behavior

Perceptions of the physical and social environment have been shown to be predictive of physical activity (PA) behavior. However, the mechanisms of this association have not been examined. Affective response to PA was examined as a putative …

Holly K. Boyle, Shira I. Dunsiger, Lauren Connell Bohlen, Jessica A. Emerson, Harold H. Lee, Courtney J. Stevens, David M. Williams


The effect of time spent outdoors during summer on daily blood glucose and steps in women with type 2 diabetes

This study investigated changes in glycemic control following a small increase in time spent outdoors. Women participants with type 2 diabetes (N = 46) wore an iBUTTON temperature monitor and a pedometer for 1 week and recorded their morning …

Molly B. Richardson, Courtney Chmielewski, Connor Y. H. Wu, Mary B. Evans, Leslie A. McClure, Kathryn W. Hosig, Julia M. Gohlke


Adult attachment insecurity and associations with diabetes distress, daily stressful events and self-management in type 1 diabetes

Anxious and avoidant attachment may be detrimental for diabetes distress and management. Additionally, individuals’ perceptions of their partner’s involvement may affect these associations. The study explored cross-sectionally and at the daily …

C. S. Kelly, C. A. Berg, V. S. Helgeson


Pain resilience moderates the influence of negative pain beliefs on movement-evoked pain in older adults

Negative pain beliefs are associated with adverse pain outcomes; however, less is known regarding how positive, adaptive factors influence pain and functioning. These relationships are especially important to examine in older adults with pain …

Shreela Palit, Roger B. Fillingim, Emily J. Bartley

15-10-2019 | Brief Report

Adherence to behavioral recommendations for weight loss and associated psychosocial factors among African American adults

African Americans have a high prevalence of obesity in the U.S. at 46.8% (Hales et al., 2017 ) and therefore are at increased risk of diabetes, cardiovascular disease, certain cancers, and mobility issues (Must & McKeown, 2000 ; Spanakis & Golden …

Stephanie L. Fitzpatrick, Neon Brooks, Bethany Bray, Victor J. Stevens


The influence of daily stress on glycemic control and mortality in adults with diabetes

There is mixed evidence regarding the relationship between different types of stress and outcomes in adults with diabetes. The aim of this study was to understand the relationship between daily stress and glycemic control (HbA1c), and to examine …

Rebekah J. Walker, Emma Garacci, Jennifer A. Campbell, Leonard E. Egede


Combining a UV photo intervention with self-affirmation or self-compassion exercises: implications for skin protection

The current study tested whether self-affirmation or self-compassion exercises, shown to increase message acceptance, could maximize the benefit of a UV photo intervention on skin protection cognitions. College women (N = 167) were randomly …

Charlotte J. Hagerman, Michelle L. Stock, Brianne K. Molloy, Janine B. Beekman, William M. P. Klein, Nicole Butler


Living with a smoker, health risk behaviors, and adiposity: an analysis with middle-aged and older women

This study investigated: (a) the association between living with a smoker and weight-related health risk behaviors, and (b) the role of these behaviors in indirectly linking living with a smoker to general and central adiposity. Participants were …

Charles J. Holahan, Carole K. Holahan, Sangdon Lim, Daniel A. Powers


Efficacy of habit-based weight loss interventions: a systematic review and meta-analysis

Habit-based interventions are a novel and emerging strategy to help reduce excess weight in individuals with overweight or obesity. This systematic review and meta-analysis aims to determine the efficacy of habit-based interventions on weight …

Gina Cleo, Elaine Beller, Paul Glasziou, Elisabeth Isenring, Rae Thomas


Unique effects of religiousness/spirituality and social support on mental and physical well-being in people living with congestive heart failure

People living with congestive heart failure (CHF) often experience increasing levels of depressive symptoms and declining quality of life with disease progression. Religiousness/spirituality (R/S) may mitigate these declines, but whether it does …

Crystal L. Park, Sharon Y. Lee


Intra- and interindividual differences in the within-person coupling between daily pain and affect of older adults

The bidirectional interplay between chronic pain and negative affect is well-established in patient samples. However, less is known about the day-to-day relationship between pain and affect of older adults without severe illnesses and to what …

Marko Katana, Christina Röcke, Mathias Allemand


Dyadic coping mediates the effects of attachment on quality of life among couples facing ovarian cancer

Cancer is an interpersonal stressor affecting both patient and spouse. To examine the pathways that insecure adult attachment can impact health outcomes by way of dyadic processes, this cross-sectional study used the actor–partner interdependence …

Cassandra J. Crangle, Lindsey A. Torbit, Sarah E. Ferguson, Tae L. Hart


Sleep problems in advanced cancer patients and their caregivers: Who is disturbing whom?

Background The aims of the study were to understand sleep problems and their effects in advanced cancer patients and spousal and intimate partner caregivers and to examine the directionality of the link between patients’ and caregivers’ sleep …

Qi Chen, Lauren Terhorst, Amy Lowery-Allison, Hannah Cheng, Allan Tsung, Mikhaila Layshock, Daniel J. Buysse, David A. Geller, James W. Marsh, Yisi Wang, Jennifer L. Steel