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Journal of Behavioral Medicine OnlineFirst articles


Predicting personal physical activity of parents during participation in a family intervention targeting their children

The purpose of this study was to examine the effect of two family interventions targeting inactive children on their parents’ MVPA. Correlates of MVPA across the trial in the form of theory of planned behavior (TPB) and multi-process action …

Ryan E. Rhodes, Alison Quinlan, Patti-Jean Naylor, Darren E. R. Warburton, Chris M. Blanchard


The effect of time spent outdoors during summer on daily blood glucose and steps in women with type 2 diabetes

This study investigated changes in glycemic control following a small increase in time spent outdoors. Women participants with type 2 diabetes (N = 46) wore an iBUTTON temperature monitor and a pedometer for 1 week and recorded their morning …

Molly B. Richardson, Courtney Chmielewski, Connor Y. H. Wu, Mary B. Evans, Leslie A. McClure, Kathryn W. Hosig, Julia M. Gohlke


Associations between alcohol consumption and physical activity in breast cancer survivors

Alcohol use and physical inactivity are associated with increased risk of cancer diagnosis and recurrence. Physical activity (a health protective behavior) is positively associated with alcohol use (a health risk behavior) in the general …

Jenna D. Gilchrist, David E. Conroy, Catherine M. Sabiston


Adult attachment insecurity and associations with diabetes distress, daily stressful events and self-management in type 1 diabetes

Anxious and avoidant attachment may be detrimental for diabetes distress and management. Additionally, individuals’ perceptions of their partner’s involvement may affect these associations. The study explored cross-sectionally and at the daily …

C. S. Kelly, C. A. Berg, V. S. Helgeson


A national study of gender and racial differences in colorectal cancer screening among foreign-born older adults living in the US

This study examined within group heterogeneity in colorectal cancer screening (CRCS) among foreign-born individuals. Data were from the 2010, 2013 and 2015 National Health Interview Survey data on older adults (N = 5529). In 2018, multivariable …

Leslie E. Cofie, Jacqueline M. Hirth, Adolfo G. Cuevas, Deeonna Farr


Pain resilience moderates the influence of negative pain beliefs on movement-evoked pain in older adults

Negative pain beliefs are associated with adverse pain outcomes; however, less is known regarding how positive, adaptive factors influence pain and functioning. These relationships are especially important to examine in older adults with pain …

Shreela Palit, Roger B. Fillingim, Emily J. Bartley


Exploring psychosocial mediators of remote physical activity counselling: a secondary analysis of data from a 1-year randomized control trial (Movingcall)

The present study investigated whether psychosocial determinants mediate the effect of a telephone coaching intervention on physical activity levels. Two hundred eighty-eight adults were randomly assigned to a six-month telephone coaching …

Xenia Fischer, Lars Donath, Lukas Zahner, Oliver Faude, Markus Gerber

15-10-2019 | Brief Report

Adherence to behavioral recommendations for weight loss and associated psychosocial factors among African American adults

African Americans have a high prevalence of obesity in the U.S. at 46.8% (Hales et al., 2017 ) and therefore are at increased risk of diabetes, cardiovascular disease, certain cancers, and mobility issues (Must & McKeown, 2000 ; Spanakis & Golden …

Stephanie L. Fitzpatrick, Neon Brooks, Bethany Bray, Victor J. Stevens


The influence of daily stress on glycemic control and mortality in adults with diabetes

There is mixed evidence regarding the relationship between different types of stress and outcomes in adults with diabetes. The aim of this study was to understand the relationship between daily stress and glycemic control (HbA1c), and to examine …

Rebekah J. Walker, Emma Garacci, Jennifer A. Campbell, Leonard E. Egede


Relationships between respiratory sinus arrhythmia and stress in college students

The purpose of this study was to examine the relationships between university students’ respiratory sinus arrhythmia (RSA) profiles and both retrospective and momentary ratings of stress. Participants were undergraduate students enrolled in an …

J. Fanning, J. L. Silfer, H. Liu, L. Gauvin, K. J. Heilman, S. W. Porges, W. J. Rejeski


The interpersonal impact of partner emotion regulation on chronic cardiac patients’ functioning through affect

In this prospective study, we examined whether physical and psychological functioning of patients with a cardiovascular disease is related to their partners’ emotion regulation strategies through both persons’ affect. The final sample consisted of …

Evangelos C. Karademas, Christoforos Thomadakis


Combining a UV photo intervention with self-affirmation or self-compassion exercises: implications for skin protection

The current study tested whether self-affirmation or self-compassion exercises, shown to increase message acceptance, could maximize the benefit of a UV photo intervention on skin protection cognitions. College women (N = 167) were randomly …

Charlotte J. Hagerman, Michelle L. Stock, Brianne K. Molloy, Janine B. Beekman, William M. P. Klein, Nicole Butler


Assessing gender identity differences in cardiovascular disease in US adults: an analysis of data from the 2014–2017 BRFSS

The purpose of this study was to assess gender identity differences in CVD risk and CVD conditions among adults in the U.S. Using data from the 2014–2017 BRFSS we compared CVD risk and CVD conditions in gender minorities (transgender men …

Billy A. Caceres, Kasey B. Jackman, Donald Edmondson, Walter O. Bockting


Living with a smoker, health risk behaviors, and adiposity: an analysis with middle-aged and older women

This study investigated: (a) the association between living with a smoker and weight-related health risk behaviors, and (b) the role of these behaviors in indirectly linking living with a smoker to general and central adiposity. Participants were …

Charles J. Holahan, Carole K. Holahan, Sangdon Lim, Daniel A. Powers


Efficacy of habit-based weight loss interventions: a systematic review and meta-analysis

Habit-based interventions are a novel and emerging strategy to help reduce excess weight in individuals with overweight or obesity. This systematic review and meta-analysis aims to determine the efficacy of habit-based interventions on weight …

Gina Cleo, Elaine Beller, Paul Glasziou, Elisabeth Isenring, Rae Thomas


Unique effects of religiousness/spirituality and social support on mental and physical well-being in people living with congestive heart failure

People living with congestive heart failure (CHF) often experience increasing levels of depressive symptoms and declining quality of life with disease progression. Religiousness/spirituality (R/S) may mitigate these declines, but whether it does …

Crystal L. Park, Sharon Y. Lee


Patient expectations for recovery after elective surgery: a common-sense model approach

Patient perceptions of the causes of preoperative symptoms, expected impact of surgery on symptoms and anticipated timeline of recovery are likely to affect the risk of readmission following elective surgical procedures. However, these perceptions …

Michael B. Gehring, Stacee Lerret, Jonette Johnson, Julie Rieder, David Nelson, Laurel Copeland, Ashley Titan, Mary Hawn, Melanie Morris, Jeff Whittle, Edith Burns


Intra- and interindividual differences in the within-person coupling between daily pain and affect of older adults

The bidirectional interplay between chronic pain and negative affect is well-established in patient samples. However, less is known about the day-to-day relationship between pain and affect of older adults without severe illnesses and to what …

Marko Katana, Christina Röcke, Mathias Allemand

30-08-2019 | Brief Report

Offering male endoscopists as decoy option to nudge disinclined women to have colorectal cancer screening

Previous studies have shown that a large proportion of women invited for bowel cancer screening prefer endoscopists of the same gender. We tested whether women who are initially disinclined to undergo flexible sigmoidoscopy screening would be more …

S. T. Stoffel, R. S. Kerrison, I. Vlaev, C. von Wagner


Dyadic coping mediates the effects of attachment on quality of life among couples facing ovarian cancer

Cancer is an interpersonal stressor affecting both patient and spouse. To examine the pathways that insecure adult attachment can impact health outcomes by way of dyadic processes, this cross-sectional study used the actor–partner interdependence …

Cassandra J. Crangle, Lindsey A. Torbit, Sarah E. Ferguson, Tae L. Hart