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Journal of Behavioral Medicine OnlineFirst articles


Taking the message to the rural patient: evidence-based PTSD care

The Department of Veterans Affairs and Department of Defense (VA/DoD) Clinical Practice Guideline for PTSD recommends against the use of benzodiazepines. Despite the recommendation, clinicians continue potentially inappropriate benzodiazepine …

Nancy C. Bernardy, Macgregor Montano, Lisa-Ann Cuccurullo, Kristen Breen, Bernard F. Cole


Contextual influences on the within-person association between physical activity and affect in adolescents: an ecological momentary assessment study

There is limited research on how the context in which moderate-to-vigorous physical activity (MVPA) occurs influences the relationship between physical activity and affect. This study aimed to investigate how the social context and physical …

Matthew Bourke, Toni A. Hilland, Melinda Craike


Incorporating walking into cognitive behavioral therapy for chronic pain: safety and effectiveness of a personalized walking intervention

We examined the effectiveness and safety of a walking program offered as part of cognitive behavioral therapy for chronic pain (CBT-CP). Participants were randomized to 10 weeks of CBT-CP, delivered either in person or by interactive voice …

Alicia A. Heapy, Hallie Tankha, Diana M. Higgins, Mary Driscoll, Kathryn M. LaChappelle, Joseph L. Goulet, Eugenia Buta, John D. Piette, Robert D. Kerns, Sarah L. Krein

23-12-2020 | Brief Report

Social predictors of daily relations between college women’s physical activity intentions and behavior

Women perform less physical activity (PA) than men, and this gap widens during college. This study examined college women’s daily PA intentions and behavior, and whether social support or social comparison orientation (SCO) moderated the PA …

Leah M. Schumacher, Coco Thomas, M. Cole Ainsworth, Danielle Arigo


Autonomy support from informal health supporters: links with self-care activities, healthcare engagement, metabolic outcomes, and cardiac risk among Veterans with type 2 diabetes

This study examined the role of autonomy support from adults’ informal health supporters (family or friends) in diabetes-specific health behaviors and health outcomes. Using baseline data from 239 Veterans with type 2 diabetes at risk of …

Aaron A. Lee, Michele Heisler, Ranak Trivedi, Patric Leukel, Maria K. Mor, Ann-Marie Rosland

13-11-2020 | Brief Report

A comparison of total and domain-specific sedentary time in breast cancer survivors and age-matched healthy controls

Breast cancer survivors (BCS) engage in more sedentary behavior (SED) than those without cancer. However, the context in which SED is accrued is unknown. The purpose of this study is to examine differences in total and domain-specific SED of BCS …

Allyson Tabaczynski, Alexis Whitehorn, Edward McAuley, Linda Trinh


Examining stigma, social support, and gender differences in unsuppressed HIV viral load among participants in HPTN 065

Successful navigation of the HIV care continuum is necessary to maintain viral suppression. We explored gender-stratified correlates of being virally unsuppressed in the Prevention for Positives (P4P) component of HPTN 065. The outcome of interest …

Allysha C. Maragh-Bass, Theresa Gamble, Wafaa M. El-Sadr, Brett Hanscom, Elizabeth E. Tolley


Worry and rumination in breast cancer patients: perseveration worsens self-rated health

A number of studies have shown that self-rated health reliably predicts mortality. This study assessed the impact of perseveration on self-rated health, physical functioning, and physical symptoms (pain, fatigue, breast cancer symptoms) among …

Megan E. Renna, M. Rosie Shrout, Annelise A. Madison, Maryam Lustberg, Stephen P. Povoski, Doreen M. Agnese, Raquel E. Reinbolt, Robert Wesolowski, Nicole O. Williams, Bhuvaneswari Ramaswamy, Sagar D. Sardesai, Anne M. Noonan, Jeffrey B. VanDeusen, William B. Malarkey, Janice K. Kiecolt-Glaser


Trauma exposure, PTSD, and suboptimal HIV medication adherence among marginalized individuals connected to public HIV care in Miami

Individuals living with HIV report disproportionately high levels of trauma exposure and PTSD symptoms, both which have been associated with suboptimal ART adherence. Often conflated, the question arises as to which construct is driving subsequent …

Tiffany R. Glynn, Noelle A. Mendez, Deborah L. Jones, Sannisha K. Dale, Adam W. Carrico, Daniel J. Feaster, Allan E. Rodriguez, Steven A. Safren


Social-ecological considerations for the sleep health of rural mothers

Using a social-ecological framework, we identify social determinants that interact to influence sleep health, identify gaps in the literature, and make recommendations for targeting sleep health in rural mothers. Rural mothers experience unique …

Alexandra R. Fischer, Sha-Rhonda M. Green, Heather E. Gunn


Moderate-to-vigorous intensity physical activity trajectories during adolescence and young adulthood predict adiposity in young adulthood: The Iowa Bone Development Study

This study examined the associations of moderate-to-vigorous intensity physical activity (MVPA) trajectories in adolescence through young adulthood with adiposity in young adults. Participants from The Iowa Bone Development Study cohort were …

Minsuk Oh, Dong Zhang, Kara M. Whitaker, Elena M. Letuchy, Kathleen F. Janz, Steven M. Levy


Treating postpartum depression in rural veterans using internet delivered CBT: program evaluation of MomMoodBooster

Depression in the postpartum period impacts approximately 13–26% of the general population. This number can be much higher for rural veteran women who face additional barriers to accessing specialized mental health services due to isolation and …

Cara L. Solness, Emily B. Kroska, Paul J. Holdefer, Michael W. O’Hara


Age-varying associations between physical activity and psychological outcomes among rural cancer survivors

We examined the prevalence of psychological outcomes (i.e., symptoms of depression and anxiety) by age and age-varying associations between physical activity and psychological outcomes among rural cancer survivors. Participants (N = 219; ages …

Nishat Bhuiyan, Ashley N. Linden-Carmichael, Stephanie T. Lanza, Kathryn H. Schmitz, Scherezade K. Mama


Bleak present, bright future: II. Combined effects of episodic future thinking and scarcity on delay discounting in adults at risk for type 2 diabetes

The present study sought to determine if episodic future thinking (EFT) can decrease delay discounting (DD) and demand for fast food under simulations of economic scarcity in adults at risk for diabetes (i.e., overweight/obese and with hemoglobin …

Jeffrey S. Stein, William H. Craft, Rocco A. Paluch, Kirstin M. Gatchalian, Mark H. Greenawald, Teresa Quattrin, Lucy D. Mastrandrea, Leonard H. Epstein, Warren K. Bickel


Effects of anxiety sensitivity on cannabis, alcohol, and nicotine use among adolescents: evaluating pathways through anxiety, withdrawal symptoms, and coping motives

Anxiety sensitivity (AS) is a promising intervention target due to its relevance to negative health behaviors broadly, and substance use specifically. The aim of the current study was to evaluate the direct and indirect pathways through which …

Ashley A. Knapp, Nicholas P. Allan, Renee Cloutier, Heidemarie Blumenthal, Shahrzad Moradi, Alan J. Budney, Sarah E. Lord


A pilot feasibility randomized controlled trial adding behavioral counseling to supervised physical activity in prostate cancer survivors: behavior change in prostate cancer survivors trial (BOOST)

The purpose of this study was to evaluate the feasibility of delivering a supervised physical activity program plus standard exercise counseling (PA + EC) versus a supervised physical activity plus motivationally-enhanced behavioral counseling …

Linda Trinh, Arthur F. Kramer, Kendrith Rowland, Dominick A. Strom, Jaime N. Wong, Edward McAuley


Longitudinal predictors of male sexual partner risk among Black and Latina women in their late thirties: ethnic/racial identity commitment as a protective factor

This study aimed to investigate predictors of male sexual partner risk among Latinas and Black women in their late thirties. We used multiple regression analysis to examine factors associated with male sexual partner risk among 296 women who …

Kerstin Pahl, Ariadna Capasso, Helen-Maria Lekas, Jung Yeon Lee, Jewel Winters, Rafael E. Pérez-Figueroa


Combination outreach and wellness intervention for distressed rural veterans: results of a multimethod pilot study

We partnered with veteran-serving nonprofits in order to identify distressed rural veterans and provide them with a mental health workshop in community-based settings. Community organizations helped recruit veterans and provided space for 1-day …

Lilian Dindo, McKenzie K. Roddy, Derrecka Boykin, Ken Woods, Merlyn Rodrigues, Tracey L. Smith, Raquel D. Gonzalez, Gala True


Cognitions and behaviors related to risk for alcohol-exposed pregnancies among young adult women

This study assessed alcohol and sex-related cognitions and behaviors, including alcohol-related sexual expectancies, descriptive norms, and protective behavioral strategies, associated with women’s risk for an alcohol-exposed pregnancy. A national …

Erika L. Thompson, Dana M. Litt, Stacey B. Griner, Melissa A. Lewis

16-09-2020 | Brief Report

A prospective study of cancer-related benefit finding in uveal melanoma patients

Little is known about contributors to the psychosocial impact of uveal melanoma, a rare cancer. Predictors and outcomes of benefit finding, a potentially favorable outcome, were investigated. Adults (n = 107) completed assessments prior to …

Kate L. Herts, Alexandra Jorge-Miller, Tammy M. Beran, Tara A. McCannel, Joshua F. Wiley, Annette L. Stanton