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Journal of Behavioral Medicine OnlineFirst articles

28-05-2020 | Brief Report

Mindfulness moderates daily stress and comfort food snacking linkages: a multilevel examination

Stress is often associated with poor diet in young adulthood. However, very few studies have examined whether snacking on non-nutritious sweet or salty “comfort food” is directly linked with daily stress, a common intervention target. Further …

Auteurs:
Lucy Finkelstein-Fox, Katherine E. Gnall, Crystal L. Park

26-05-2020

Associations of leisure screen time with cardiometabolic biomarkers in college-aged adults

We examined whether screen time was associated with cardiometabolic disease (CMD) risk factors in young adults. Ninety-five adults (19.9 ± 11.4 years) self-reported medical and health behavior history, screen time (television viewing, video games …

Auteurs:
Chantal A. Vella, Katrina Taylor, Megan C. Nelson

25-05-2020

Examining the effectiveness of pain rehabilitation on chronic pain and post-traumatic symptoms

Patients with co-morbid chronic pain and post-traumatic stress disorder (PTSD) pose significant treatment challenges. This study evaluated the effectiveness of an interdisciplinary pain rehabilitation program (IPRP) in improving pain and PTSD …

Auteurs:
Wesley P. Gilliam, Matthew E. Schumann, Julia R. Craner, Julie L. Cunningham, Eleshia J. Morrison, Shawna Seibel, Craig Sawchuk, Jeannie A. Sperry

08-05-2020 | Brief Report

The benefits of daily exercise on blood glucose levels and affect among adults with type 1 diabetes

The purpose of this study was to investigate the concurrent and lagged effects of daily exercise on daily blood glucose level and affect among persons with type 1 diabetes (T1D). 199 persons with T1D (Mage = 46.82) completed a 14-day diary in …

Auteurs:
Eunjin Lee Tracy, Cynthia A. Berg, Robert G. Kent de Grey, Nancy A. Allen, Michelle L. Litchman, Jonathan Butner, Vicki S. Helgeson

02-05-2020

Are pre-pregnancy weight fluctuations and adherence to prenatal nutrition and exercise recommendations related to excessive gestational weight gain?

Women who have an overweight or obese pre-pregnancy body mass index (BMI) may be recommended to lose weight before pregnancy, however the association of preconception weight fluctuations and prenatal adherence to nutrition and exercise …

Auteurs:
Taniya S. Nagpal, Harry Prapavessis, Christina G. Campbell, Barbra de Vrijer, Isabelle Giroux, Michelle F. Mottola

02-05-2020

Connecting the dots: a comparison of network analysis and exploratory factor analysis to examine psychosocial syndemic indicators among HIV-negative sexual minority men

Syndemics, or comorbid and mutually reinforcing psychosocial problems, are associated with increased HIV risk among men who have sex with men (MSM). Although the dynamic interplay among syndemic indicators is theorized to be crucial for increasing …

Auteurs:
J. S. Lee, S. A. Bainter, A. W. Carrico, T. R. Glynn, B. G. Rogers, C. Albright, C. O’Cleirigh, K. H. Mayer, S. A. Safren

22-04-2020

Psychosocial factors and multiple health risk behaviors among early adolescents: a latent profile analysis

Early adolescence is a pivotal developmental period when multiple health risk behaviors, such as obesity and substance use, are often established. Several psychosocial factors, often considered traits, have been independently associated with these …

Auteurs:
Christopher M. Warren, Afton Kechter, Georgia Christodoulou, Christopher Cappelli, Mary Ann Pentz

22-04-2020

Testing the cross-stressor hypothesis under real-world conditions: exercise as a moderator of the association between momentary anxiety and cardiovascular responses

The cross-stressor adaptation hypothesis of exercise training has not been investigated under real-life conditions. Using ecological momentary assessment, we tested whether usual exercise level moderates the relationship of self-reported anxiety …

Auteurs:
Ipek Ensari, Joseph E. Schwartz, Donald Edmondson, Andrea T. Duran, Daichi Shimbo, Keith M. Diaz

17-04-2020

Associations between naturalistically assessed physical activity patterns, affect, and eating in youth with overweight and obesity

Insufficient physical activity (PA) and excessive stationary behavior (SB) are contributors to pediatric obesity, though antecedents and consequences of these behaviors in this population are relatively unknown. This pilot study examined affect …

Auteurs:
Kathryn E. Smith, Alissa Haedt-Matt, Tyler B. Mason, Shirlene Wang, Chih-Hsiang Yang, Jessica L. Unick, Dale Bond, Andrea B. Goldschmidt

14-04-2020

Implementation, feasibility, and acceptability of quality of life therapy to improve positive emotions among patients with implantable cardioverter defibrillators

Implantable cardioverter defibrillators (ICDs) save lives, but often induce significant psychological distress among patients. Positive psychological constructs are associated with improved outcomes among cardiac patients. In this NHLBI-funded …

Auteurs:
Allison J. Carroll, Lillian M. Christon, James R. Rodrigue, Joseph L. Fava, Michael B. Frisch, Eva R. Serber

03-04-2020

Physical discomfort intolerance as a predictor of weight loss and physical activity in a lifestyle modification program

This study examined physical discomfort intolerance (DI) as a baseline predictor of weight loss and physical activity outcomes, and assessed whether changes in DI during the initial phase of weight loss prospectively predicted long-term treatment …

Auteurs:
Mary K. Martinelli, Kathryn M. Godfrey, Monica Martinez, Evan M. Forman, Meghan L. Butryn

26-03-2020 Open Access

‘Having come to university my care was very much in my hands’: exploration of university students’ perceptions of health care needs and services using the common-sense model of self-regulation

The health care needs and service experiences of higher education students require more research attention, given the increase in students who have a long-term illness, medical condition, or disability (“condition”). It is also important to …

Auteurs:
Rayna Rogowsky, Anita Laidlaw, Gozde Ozakinci

16-03-2020

Perceived racism, affectivity, and C-reactive protein in healthy African Americans: Do religiosity and racial identity provide complementary protection?

Perceived racism contributes to cardiovascular disease (CVD) disparities among African Americans. Psychosocial factors that protect against the effects of perceived racism therefore may be reflected by indicators of CVD risk, including C-reactive …

Auteurs:
Caroline E. Drolet, Todd Lucas

18-02-2020

Social support moderates D-dimer and self-rated successful aging within people with HIV and older adults

Many factors can influence perceptions of successful aging (SA), including social isolation and poor physical health. We hypothesized that social support attenuates the negative effect of plasma D-dimer, a correlate of HIV and aging, on SA.

Auteurs:
Ni Sun-Suslow, Elizabeth Pasipanodya, Erin Morgan, Maulika Kohli, Vanessa Serrano, Scott Letendre, Dilip V. Jeste, David J. Moore

14-02-2020

Impact of weight loss interventions on patient-reported outcomes in overweight and obese adults with type 2 diabetes: a systematic review

Previous reviews explored weight loss-induced metabolic changes in overweight and obese adults with type 2 diabetes (T2D) but did not report on the impact on patient-reported outcomes (PROs). This systematic review investigated the effect of …

Auteurs:
Jordan Martenstyn, Madeleine King, Claudia Rutherford

31-01-2020 Open Access

Maternal practices and perceptions of child body mass status explain child energy expenditure behaviors and body mass

This study investigated whether maternal perceptions of child body mass status would predict child body mass index (BMI) z-score via two sets of sequential mediators: (1) four maternal practices promoting child energy expenditure and (2) …

Auteurs:
Monika Boberska, Karolina Zarychta, Nina Knoll, Jan Keller, Diana Hilda Hohl, Karolina Horodyska, Magdalena Kruk, Aleksandra Luszczynska

23-01-2020

The separation in coordination between social- and self-regulation for emerging adults with type 1 diabetes

To examine how self-regulation and social-regulation surrounding type 1 diabetes (T1D) management are coordinated during early emerging adulthood and whether classes of coordination relate to HbA1c and executive functioning (EF). Emerging adult …

Auteurs:
A. K. Munion, Jonathan E. Butner, Caitlin S. Kelly, Deborah J. Wiebe, Sara L. Turner, Amy Hughes Lansing, Cynthia A. Berg

22-01-2020

My health smartphone intervention decreases daily fat sources among Latina breast cancer survivors

Breast cancer is the most common cancer among Latina women, and Latina women are at higher risk for breast cancer mortality than white women. Lifestyle factors, such as consuming a nutritious diet and engaging in regular physical activity, promote …

Auteurs:
Joanna Buscemi, Laura B. Oswald, Sharon H. Baik, Diana Buitrago, Francisco Iacobelli, Siobhan M. Phillips, Alejandra Perez-Tamayo, Judy Guitelman, Frank J. Penedo, Betina Yanez

18-01-2020

Alcohol-related beliefs and non-adherence to antiretroviral therapy in Cape Town, South Africa

The life-saving effects of antiretroviral therapy (ART) in treating HIV infection are compromised by alcohol use. A growing body of research shows that both unintentional (e.g., memory lapses) and intentional (e.g., forgoing ART to avoid mixing …

Auteurs:
Seth C. Kalichman, Catherine Mathews, Ellen Banas, Moira O. Kalichman

16-01-2020

A multimethod approach examining the relative contributions of optimism and pessimism to cardiovascular disease risk markers

Although dispositional optimism and pessimism are associated with cardiovascular disease (CVD), their relative independence and unique contributions to CVD risk are unclear. This study addressed these issues by using multiple indicators of …

Auteurs:
John M. Felt, Michael A. Russell, John M. Ruiz, Jillian A. Johnson, Bert N. Uchino, Matthew Allison, Timothy W. Smith, Daniel J. Taylor, Chul Ahn, Joshua Smyth