Swipe om te navigeren naar een ander artikel
The phenomenon of discordance between parents’ and children’s ratings of the child’s mental health symptoms or of parenting behavior until recently has been treated as a problem of reliability. More recent work has sought to identify factors that may influence discordance, yet much remains to be learned about why informants’ ratings of developmental phenomena are discordant and the meaning of such discordance. This study examined the extent to which discordance can be treated as a measure of the difference between two equally valid perceptions, and as such an indicator of the quality of the parent–adolescent relationship. One category of concordance and three patterns of discordance were derived from item-level differences in ratings of affection, control, and punitiveness provided by a diverse sample (53% female; 46% Hispanic-American, 35% African-American, 15% European-American, 4% another race/ethnicity) of 484 adolescents aged 12–20 years (M = 15.67, SD = 1.72) and their parents. Over and above adolescents’ and parents’ independent ratings of parenting, the discordance between these ratings was found to predict adolescent reports of anxiety and conduct disorder symptoms, as well as the quality of the parent–adolescent relationship. This was particularly true when adolescents and parents were discordant in their ratings of affection and when adolescents rated their parents higher on affection than did parents themselves. Implications of these findings and future research directions are discussed.
Log in om toegang te krijgen
Met onderstaand(e) abonnement(en) heeft u direct toegang:
Aber, J. L., Brown, J. L., & Jones, S. M. (2003). Developmental trajectories toward violence in middle childhood: Course, demographic differences, and response to school-based intervention. Developmental Psychology,29, 324–348. CrossRef
Aber, J. L., Jones, S. M., Brown, J. L., Chaudry, N., & Samples, F. (1998). Resolving conflict creatively: Evaluating the developmental effects of a school-based violence prevention program in neighborhood and classroom context. Developmental Psychopathology,10, 187–213. CrossRef
Armsden, G. C., & Greenberg, M. T. (1987). The inventory of parent and peer attachment: Relationships to well-being in adolescence. Journal of Youth and Adolescence,16, 427–454. CrossRef
Berger, L. E., Jodl, K. M., Allen, J. P., McElhaney, K. B., & Kuperminc, G. P. (2005). When adolescents disagree with others about their symptoms: Differences in attachment organization as an explanation of discrepancies between adolescent, parent, and peer reports of behavior problems. Development and Psychopathology,17, 509–528. PubMedCrossRef
Bogenschneider, K., & Pallock, L. (2008). Responsiveness in parent-adolescent relationships: Are influences conditional? Does the reporter matter? Journal of Marriage and Family,70, 1015–1029. CrossRef
Brown, J. L., Roderick, T., Lantieri, L., & Aber, J. L. (2004). The resolving conflict creatively program: A school-based social and emotional learning program. In J. E. Zins, R. P. Weissberg, M. C. Wang, & H. J. Walberg (Eds.), Building academic success on social and emotional learning: What does the research say? (pp. 151–169). New York: Teachers College Press.
Brumariu, L. E., & Kerns, K. A. (2010). Parent-child attachment and internalizing symptoms in childhood and adolescence: A review of empirical findings and future directions. Development and Psychpathology,22, 177–203. CrossRef
Campbell, W. K., & Sedikides, C. (1999). Self-threat magnifies the self-serving bias: A meta-analytic integration. Review of General Psychology,3, 23–43. CrossRef
C-DISC Development Group. (2000). Diagnostic interview schedule for children: Psychometrics. New York, NY: NIMH-DISC Training Center at Columbia University/New York State Psychiatric Institute.
Claes, M., Debrosse, R., Miranda, D., & Perchec, C. (2010). A measuring instrument of parental practices in adolescence: A validation with adolescents from Quebec and France. European Review of Applied Psychology,60, 65–78. CrossRef
Darling, N., & Steinberg, L. (1993). Parenting style as context: An integrative model. Psychological Bulletin,113, 487–496. CrossRef
De Los Reyes, A. (2011). More than measurement error: Discovering meaning behind informant discrepancies in clinical assessment of children and adolescents. Journal of Clinical Child & Adolescent Psychology,40, 1–9. CrossRef
De Los Reyes, A., Goodman, K. L., Kliewer, W., & Reid-Quiñones, K. R. (2010). The longitudinal consistency of mother-child reporting discrepancies of parental monitoring and their ability to predict child delinquent behaviors two years later. Journal of Youth and Adolescence,39, 1417–1430. PubMedCrossRef
De Los Reyes, A., Youngstrom, E. A., Pabon, S. C., Youngstrom, J. K., Feeny, N. C., & Findling, R. L. (2011). Internal consistency and associated characteristics of informant discrepancies in clinic referred youths age 11 to 17 years. Journal of Clinical Child and Adolescent Psychology,40, 36–53. PubMedCrossRef
George, E., & Bloom, B. (1997). A brief scale for assessing childrearing practice: Psychometric properties and psychosocial correlates. Family Processes,36, 63–80. CrossRef
Holm, S. (1979). A simple sequentially rejective multiple test procedure. Scandanavian Journal of Statistics,6, 65–70.
Pelton, J., & Forehand, R. (2001). Discrepancy between mother and child perceptions of their relationship: I. Consequences for adolescents considered within the context of parental divorce. Journal of Family Violence,16, 1–15. CrossRef
Renk, K., Donnelly, R., Klein, J., Oliveros, A., & Baksh, E. (2008). Cross-informant ratings of the emotional and behavioral functioning of college students. Journal of Youth and Adolescence,37, 193–210. CrossRef
Shaffer, D., Fisher, P., Lucas, C., Dulcan, M., & Schwab-Stone, M. (2000). NIMH diagnostic interview schedule for children version IV (NIMH DISC-IV): Description, differences from previous versions, and reliability of some common diagnoses. Journal of the American Academy of Child and Adolescent Psychiatry,39, 28–38. PubMedCrossRef
Steinberg, L. (2001). We know some things: Parent-adolescent relationships in retrospect and prospect. Journal of Research on Adolescence,11, 1–19. CrossRef
Tein, J., Roosa, M. W., & Michaels, M. (1994). Agreement between parent and child reports on parental behaviors. Journal of Marriage and the Family,56, 341–355. CrossRef
- Item-Level Discordance in Parent and Adolescent Reports of Parenting Behavior and Its Implications for Adolescents’ Mental Health and Relationships with Their Parents
Laura K. Maurizi
Elizabeth T. Gershoff
J. Lawrence Aber
- Springer US