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Gepubliceerd in: Journal of Autism and Developmental Disorders 2/2014

01-02-2014 | Original Paper

Is There a Limit to the Superiority of Individuals with ASD in Visual Search?

Auteurs: Roy S. Hessels, Ignace T. C. Hooge, Tineke M. Snijders, Chantal Kemner

Gepubliceerd in: Journal of Autism and Developmental Disorders | Uitgave 2/2014

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Abstract

Superiority in visual search for individuals diagnosed with autism spectrum disorder (ASD) is a well-reported finding. We administered two visual search tasks to individuals with ASD and matched controls. One showed no difference between the groups, and one did show the expected superior performance for individuals with ASD. These results offer an explanation, formulated in terms of load theory. We suggest that there is a limit to the superiority in visual search for individuals with ASD, related to the perceptual load of the stimuli. When perceptual load becomes so high that no additional task-(ir)relevant information can be processed, performance will be based on single stimulus identification, in which no differences between individuals with ASD and controls have been demonstrated.
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Metagegevens
Titel
Is There a Limit to the Superiority of Individuals with ASD in Visual Search?
Auteurs
Roy S. Hessels
Ignace T. C. Hooge
Tineke M. Snijders
Chantal Kemner
Publicatiedatum
01-02-2014
Uitgeverij
Springer US
Gepubliceerd in
Journal of Autism and Developmental Disorders / Uitgave 2/2014
Print ISSN: 0162-3257
Elektronisch ISSN: 1573-3432
DOI
https://doi.org/10.1007/s10803-013-1886-8

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