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Gepubliceerd in: Mindfulness 1/2021

17-09-2020 | ORIGINAL PAPER

Is Self-compassion Associated with Sleep Quality? A Meta-analysis

Auteurs: Lydia Brown, Emma E. Houston, Hermioni L. Amonoo, Christina Bryant

Gepubliceerd in: Mindfulness | Uitgave 1/2021

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Abstract

Objectives

Prior research has found that self-compassion is associated with a range of health and well-being outcomes, but the specific association between self-compassion and sleep quality remains poorly understood. The purpose of this study is to respond to this issue through conducting a meta-analysis to quantify the relationship between self-compassion and sleep quality.

Methods

Systematic literature searches were conducted using the PsychInfo, Embase and Medline electronic databases to identify studies reporting on the relationship between self-compassion and sleep quality. Random effects meta-analysis was used to synthesise results.

Results

Seventeen independent studies from 15 publications met criteria for inclusion in this review. All studies included self-reported sleep quality measures. No study reported objective measurements of sleep quality. Meta-analysis revealed evidence of a significant association whereby those with higher self-compassion reported fewer sleep problems r = − 0.32, 95%CI [− .36, − .28]. In a subgroup (n = 6) of studies that delineated the positively and negatively worded items of the self-compassion scale (termed positive self-compassion and self-coldness, respectively), self-coldness was more strongly associated with poor sleep quality r = 0.36, 95%CI [.18, .52] than positive self-compassion r = − 0.15, 95%CI [− .24, − .05].

Conclusions

Our meta-analysis found that self-compassion is associated with self-reported sleep quality. Future research is needed to investigate directions of causality and to consider if self-compassion-based interventions might be effective in improving sleep quality.
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Metagegevens
Titel
Is Self-compassion Associated with Sleep Quality? A Meta-analysis
Auteurs
Lydia Brown
Emma E. Houston
Hermioni L. Amonoo
Christina Bryant
Publicatiedatum
17-09-2020
Uitgeverij
Springer US
Gepubliceerd in
Mindfulness / Uitgave 1/2021
Print ISSN: 1868-8527
Elektronisch ISSN: 1868-8535
DOI
https://doi.org/10.1007/s12671-020-01498-0

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