Skip to main content


Swipe om te navigeren naar een ander artikel

17-09-2020 | ORIGINAL PAPER | Uitgave 1/2021

Mindfulness 1/2021

Is Self-compassion Associated with Sleep Quality? A Meta-analysis

Mindfulness > Uitgave 1/2021
Lydia Brown, Emma E. Houston, Hermioni L. Amonoo, Christina Bryant
Belangrijke opmerkingen

Publisher’s Note

Springer Nature remains neutral with regard to jurisdictional claims in published maps and institutional affiliations.



Prior research has found that self-compassion is associated with a range of health and well-being outcomes, but the specific association between self-compassion and sleep quality remains poorly understood. The purpose of this study is to respond to this issue through conducting a meta-analysis to quantify the relationship between self-compassion and sleep quality.


Systematic literature searches were conducted using the PsychInfo, Embase and Medline electronic databases to identify studies reporting on the relationship between self-compassion and sleep quality. Random effects meta-analysis was used to synthesise results.


Seventeen independent studies from 15 publications met criteria for inclusion in this review. All studies included self-reported sleep quality measures. No study reported objective measurements of sleep quality. Meta-analysis revealed evidence of a significant association whereby those with higher self-compassion reported fewer sleep problems r = − 0.32, 95%CI [− .36, − .28]. In a subgroup (n = 6) of studies that delineated the positively and negatively worded items of the self-compassion scale (termed positive self-compassion and self-coldness, respectively), self-coldness was more strongly associated with poor sleep quality r = 0.36, 95%CI [.18, .52] than positive self-compassion r = − 0.15, 95%CI [− .24, − .05].


Our meta-analysis found that self-compassion is associated with self-reported sleep quality. Future research is needed to investigate directions of causality and to consider if self-compassion-based interventions might be effective in improving sleep quality.

Log in om toegang te krijgen

Met onderstaand(e) abonnement(en) heeft u direct toegang:

BSL Psychologie Totaal

Met BSL Psychologie Totaal blijf je als professional steeds op de hoogte van de nieuwste ontwikkelingen binnen jouw vak. Met het online abonnement heb je toegang tot een groot aantal boeken, protocollen, vaktijdschriften en e-learnings op het gebied van psychologie en psychiatrie. Zo kun je op je gemak en wanneer het jou het beste uitkomt verdiepen in jouw vakgebied.

Over dit artikel

Andere artikelen Uitgave 1/2021

Mindfulness 1/2021 Naar de uitgave


The Sound of Silence