Skip to main content
Top
Gepubliceerd in:

01-02-2018 | Empirical Research

Is Mindful Parenting Associated with Adolescents’ Well-being in Early and Middle/Late Adolescence? The Mediating Role of Adolescents’ Attachment Representations, Self-Compassion and Mindfulness

Auteurs: Helena Moreira, Maria João Gouveia, Maria Cristina Canavarro

Gepubliceerd in: Journal of Youth and Adolescence | Uitgave 8/2018

Log in om toegang te krijgen
share
DELEN

Deel dit onderdeel of sectie (kopieer de link)

  • Optie A:
    Klik op de rechtermuisknop op de link en selecteer de optie “linkadres kopiëren”
  • Optie B:
    Deel de link per e-mail

Abstract

There is some evidence that mindful parenting, a parenting approach that involves the practice of bringing mindful awareness to the parent-child relationship, is associated with several positive psychosocial outcomes in adolescents. However, only a few studies have investigated the mechanisms that may underlie that association. This study explores whether the link between mindful parenting and adolescents’ well-being is mediated by adolescents’ attachment representations, self-compassion and mindfulness skills. The sample comprised 563 parent-child dyads (95.6% mothers). Adolescents (61.5% girls) had a mean age of 14.26 years (SD = 1.66, range = 12–20). Parents completed a measure of mindful parenting, and adolescents completed measures of attachment representations, self-compassion, mindfulness, and well-being. Mindful parenting was indirectly associated with adolescents’ self-compassion and mindfulness through a more secure perception of the relationship with the parents, and was indirectly associated with adolescents’ well-being through perceived attachment security, self-compassion and mindfulness. The path model was invariant across stages of adolescence but some relations in the model varied across gender. Self-compassion and mindfulness seem to develop within a parent-child relationship characterized by affection, self-regulation, and mindful awareness. These two resources, along with mindful parenting and positive representations of the parent-child relationship, are associated with adolescents’ well-being.
Literatuur
go back to reference Bögels, S., Hellemans, J., van Deursen, S., Römer, M., & van der Meulen, R. (2014). Mindful parenting in mental health care: Effects on parental and child psychopathology, parental stress, parenting, coparenting, and marital functioning. Mindfulness, 5(5), 536–551. https://doi.org/10.1007/s12671-013-0209-7.CrossRef Bögels, S., Hellemans, J., van Deursen, S., Römer, M., & van der Meulen, R. (2014). Mindful parenting in mental health care: Effects on parental and child psychopathology, parental stress, parenting, coparenting, and marital functioning. Mindfulness, 5(5), 536–551. https://​doi.​org/​10.​1007/​s12671-013-0209-7.CrossRef
go back to reference Bögels, S., & Restifo, K. (2014). Mindful parenting: A guide for mental health practitioners. New York, NY: Springer.CrossRef Bögels, S., & Restifo, K. (2014). Mindful parenting: A guide for mental health practitioners. New York, NY: Springer.CrossRef
go back to reference de Bruin, E. I., Zijlstra, B. J. H., & Bögels, S. M. (2014a). The meaning of mindfulness in children and adolescents: Further validation of the Child and Adolescent Mindfulness Measure (CAMM) in two Independent samples from The Netherlands. Mindfulness, 5(4), 422–430. https://doi.org/10.1007/s12671-013-0196-8. de Bruin, E. I., Zijlstra, B. J. H., & Bögels, S. M. (2014a). The meaning of mindfulness in children and adolescents: Further validation of the Child and Adolescent Mindfulness Measure (CAMM) in two Independent samples from The Netherlands. Mindfulness, 5(4), 422–430. https://​doi.​org/​10.​1007/​s12671-013-0196-8.
go back to reference de Bruin, E. I., Zijlstra, B. J. H., Geurtzen, N., van Zundert, R. M. P., van de Weijer-Bergsma, E., & Hartman, E. E., et al. (2014b). Mindful parenting assessed further: Psychometric properties of the Dutch version of the Interpersonal Mindfulness in Parenting scale (IM-P). Mindfulness, 5(2), 200–212. https://doi.org/10.1007/s12671-012-0168-4.CrossRefPubMed de Bruin, E. I., Zijlstra, B. J. H., Geurtzen, N., van Zundert, R. M. P., van de Weijer-Bergsma, E., & Hartman, E. E., et al. (2014b). Mindful parenting assessed further: Psychometric properties of the Dutch version of the Interpersonal Mindfulness in Parenting scale (IM-P). Mindfulness, 5(2), 200–212. https://​doi.​org/​10.​1007/​s12671-012-0168-4.CrossRefPubMed
go back to reference Duncan, L. (2007). Assessment of mindful parenting among parents of early adolescents: Development and validation of the Interpersonal Mindfulness in Parenting Scale. State College, PA: The Pennsylvania State University. Unpublished doctoral dissertation. Duncan, L. (2007). Assessment of mindful parenting among parents of early adolescents: Development and validation of the Interpersonal Mindfulness in Parenting Scale. State College, PA: The Pennsylvania State University. Unpublished doctoral dissertation.
go back to reference Geurtzen, N., Scholte, R. J., Engels, R. M. E., Tak, Y., & van Zundert, R. P. (2015). Association between mindful parenting and adolescents’ internalizing problems: Non-judgmental acceptance of parenting as core element. Journal of Child and Family Studies, 24(4), 1117–1128. https://doi.org/10.1007/s10826-014-9920-9.CrossRef Geurtzen, N., Scholte, R. J., Engels, R. M. E., Tak, Y., & van Zundert, R. P. (2015). Association between mindful parenting and adolescents’ internalizing problems: Non-judgmental acceptance of parenting as core element. Journal of Child and Family Studies, 24(4), 1117–1128. https://​doi.​org/​10.​1007/​s10826-014-9920-9.CrossRef
go back to reference Gilbert, P. (2005). Compassion and cruelty: A biopsychosocial approach. In P. Gilbert (Ed.), Compassion: Conceptualisations, research and use in psychotherapy (pp. 3–74). London: Routledge. Gilbert, P. (2005). Compassion and cruelty: A biopsychosocial approach. In P. Gilbert (Ed.), Compassion: Conceptualisations, research and use in psychotherapy (pp. 3–74). London: Routledge.
go back to reference Gilbert, P. (2010). Compassion focused therapy. Hove, East Sussex: Routledge. Gilbert, P. (2010). Compassion focused therapy. Hove, East Sussex: Routledge.
go back to reference Hyde, J. S., Mezulis, A. H., & Abramson, L. Y. (2008). The ABCs of depression: Integrating affective, biological, and cognitive models to explain the emergence of the gender difference in depression. Psychological Review, 115(2), 291–313.CrossRefPubMed Hyde, J. S., Mezulis, A. H., & Abramson, L. Y. (2008). The ABCs of depression: Integrating affective, biological, and cognitive models to explain the emergence of the gender difference in depression. Psychological Review, 115(2), 291–313.CrossRefPubMed
go back to reference Kabat-Zinn, J., & Kabat-Zinn, M. (1997). Everyday blessings: The inner work of mindful parenting. New York, NY: Hyperion. Kabat-Zinn, J., & Kabat-Zinn, M. (1997). Everyday blessings: The inner work of mindful parenting. New York, NY: Hyperion.
go back to reference Mikulincer, M., & Shaver, P. R. (2007). Attachment in adulthood: Structure, dynamics, and change. New York, NY: The Guilford Press. Mikulincer, M., & Shaver, P. R. (2007). Attachment in adulthood: Structure, dynamics, and change. New York, NY: The Guilford Press.
go back to reference Neff, K. (2009). Self-compassion. In M. R. Leary & R. H. Hoyle (Eds.), Handbook of individual differences in social behavior (pp. 561–573). New York, NY: The Guilford Press. Neff, K. (2009). Self-compassion. In M. R. Leary & R. H. Hoyle (Eds.), Handbook of individual differences in social behavior (pp. 561–573). New York, NY: The Guilford Press.
go back to reference Shaver, P. R., Mikulincer, M., Sahdra, B., & Gross, J. (2017). Attachment security as a foundation for kindness toward self and others. In K. W. Brown & M. R. Leary (Eds.), The Oxford handbook of hypo-egoic phenomena. New York, NY: Oxford University Press. Shaver, P. R., Mikulincer, M., Sahdra, B., & Gross, J. (2017). Attachment security as a foundation for kindness toward self and others. In K. W. Brown & M. R. Leary (Eds.), The Oxford handbook of hypo-egoic phenomena. New York, NY: Oxford University Press.
go back to reference Tabachnick, B., & Fidell, L. (2013). Using multivariate statistics. Boston, MA: Pearson. Tabachnick, B., & Fidell, L. (2013). Using multivariate statistics. Boston, MA: Pearson.
Metagegevens
Titel
Is Mindful Parenting Associated with Adolescents’ Well-being in Early and Middle/Late Adolescence? The Mediating Role of Adolescents’ Attachment Representations, Self-Compassion and Mindfulness
Auteurs
Helena Moreira
Maria João Gouveia
Maria Cristina Canavarro
Publicatiedatum
01-02-2018
Uitgeverij
Springer US
Gepubliceerd in
Journal of Youth and Adolescence / Uitgave 8/2018
Print ISSN: 0047-2891
Elektronisch ISSN: 1573-6601
DOI
https://doi.org/10.1007/s10964-018-0808-7

Andere artikelen Uitgave 8/2018

Journal of Youth and Adolescence 8/2018 Naar de uitgave