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Gepubliceerd in: Journal of Autism and Developmental Disorders 5/2011

01-05-2011 | Original Paper

Is It a Bird? Is It a Plane? Category Use in Problem-solving in Children with Autism Spectrum Disorders

Auteurs: Ben Alderson-Day, Margaret McGonigle-Chalmers

Gepubliceerd in: Journal of Autism and Developmental Disorders | Uitgave 5/2011

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Abstract

Fourteen children with autism spectrum disorders (ASD) and fourteen age-matched typically-developing (TD) controls were tested on an adapted version of the Twenty Questions Task (Mosher and Hornsby in Studies in cognitive growth. Wiley, New York, pp 86–102, 1966) to examine effects of content, executive and verbal IQ factors on category use in problem-solving (age range 8–17). Across conditions participants with ASD asked questions that focussed on smaller categories than controls. Specific group differences were observed in the handling of abstract content and response to additional working memory demands. In addition, post hoc regression analysis indicated that VIQ predicted performance in ASD but not TD participants. The implications for theories of category processing in autism are discussed.

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Metagegevens
Titel
Is It a Bird? Is It a Plane? Category Use in Problem-solving in Children with Autism Spectrum Disorders
Auteurs
Ben Alderson-Day
Margaret McGonigle-Chalmers
Publicatiedatum
01-05-2011
Uitgeverij
Springer US
Gepubliceerd in
Journal of Autism and Developmental Disorders / Uitgave 5/2011
Print ISSN: 0162-3257
Elektronisch ISSN: 1573-3432
DOI
https://doi.org/10.1007/s10803-010-1077-9