Swipe om te navigeren naar een ander artikel
Fourteen children with autism spectrum disorders (ASD) and fourteen age-matched typically-developing (TD) controls were tested on an adapted version of the Twenty Questions Task (Mosher and Hornsby in Studies in cognitive growth. Wiley, New York, pp 86–102, 1966) to examine effects of content, executive and verbal IQ factors on category use in problem-solving (age range 8–17). Across conditions participants with ASD asked questions that focussed on smaller categories than controls. Specific group differences were observed in the handling of abstract content and response to additional working memory demands. In addition, post hoc regression analysis indicated that VIQ predicted performance in ASD but not TD participants. The implications for theories of category processing in autism are discussed.
Log in om toegang te krijgen
Met onderstaand(e) abonnement(en) heeft u direct toegang:
Delis, D., Kaplan, E., & Kramer, J. (2001). Delis-Kaplan executive function system. San Antonio: The Psychological Corporation.
Eisenmajer, R., & Prior, M. (1991). Cognitive linguistic correlates of “theory of mind” ability in autistic children. British Journal of Developmental Psychology, 9(2), 351–364.
Frith, U. (2003). Autism: Explaining the enigma (2nd ed. ed.). Oxford: Blackwell.
Hill, E. (2004). Evaluating the theory of executive dysfunction in autism. Developmental Review, 24(2), 189–233. CrossRef
Kanner, L. (1944). Early infantile autism. Journal of Pediatrics, 25(3), 211–217. CrossRef
Klinger, L., & Dawson, G. (1995). A fresh look at categorization abilities in persons with autism. In E. Schopler & G. B. Mesibov (Eds.), Learning and cognition in autism (pp. 119–136). New York: Plenum Press.
Lord, C., Risi, S., Lambrecht, L., Cook, E. H., Jr., Leventhal, B. L., DiLavore, P. C., et al. (2000). The autism diagnostic observation schedule—generic: A standard measure of social and communication deficits associated with the spectrum of autism. Journal of Autism and Developmental Disorders, 30(3), 205–223. PubMedCrossRef
Minshew, N., Siegel, D., Goldstein, G., & Weldy, S. (1994). Verbal problem solving in high functioning autistic individuals. Archives of Clinical Neuropsychology, 9(1), 31–40. PubMed
Mosher, F. A., & Hornsby, J. R. (1966). On asking questions. In J. S. Bruner, et al. (Eds.), Studies in cognitive growth (pp. 86–102). New York: Wiley.
Ozonoff, S. (1995). Reliability and validity of the Wisconsin-card sorting test in studies of autism. Neuropsychology, 9(4), 491–500. CrossRef
Ozonoff, S., Cook, I., Coon, H., Dawson, G., Joseph, R., Klin, A., et al. (2004). Performance on Cambridge neuropsychological test automated battery subtests sensitive to frontal lobe function in people with autistic disorder: Evidence from the collaborative programs of excellence in autism network. Journal of Autism and Developmental Disorders, 34(2), 139–150. PubMedCrossRef
Plaisted, K., O’Riordan, M., & Baron-Cohen, S. (1998). Enhanced discrimination of novel, highly similar stimuli by adults with autism during a perceptual learning task. Journal of Child Psychology and Psychiatry and Allied Disciplines, 39(5), 765–775. CrossRef
Rosch, E. (1978). Principles of categorization. In E. Rosch & B. Lloyd (Eds.), Cognition and categorization (pp. 27–48). Hillsdale, NJ: Lawrence Erlbaum.
Siegler, R. (1977). The twenty questions game as a form of problem-solving. Child Development, 48(2), 395–403. CrossRef
Thorndike, R. L., Hagen, E. P., & Sattler, J. M. (1986). The stanford–binet intelligence scale (4th ed. ed.). Chicago: Riverside Publishing.
Wechsler, D. (1999). WASI: Wechsler abbreviated scales of intelligence. San Antonio: The Psychological Corporation.
World Health Organisation. (1993). The ICD-10 classification of mental and behavioral disorders: Diagnostic criteria for research. Geneva: World Health Organization.
- Is It a Bird? Is It a Plane? Category Use in Problem-solving in Children with Autism Spectrum Disorders
- Springer US