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18-10-2016 | Uitgave 3/2017

Journal of Rational-Emotive & Cognitive-Behavior Therapy 3/2017

Irrational and Metacognitive Beliefs Mediate the Relationship Between Content Beliefs and GAD Symptoms: A Study on a Normal Population

Tijdschrift:
Journal of Rational-Emotive & Cognitive-Behavior Therapy > Uitgave 3/2017
Auteurs:
Giovanni Maria Ruggiero, Andrea Bassanini, Maria Chiara Benzi, Francesca Boccalari, Elisabetta Caletti, Gabriele Caselli, Antonio Di Tucci, Francesca Fiore, Rawezh Ibrahim, Sara Marsero, Elena Moioli, Elena Ponzio, Walter Sapuppo, Diego Sarracino, Marco Telesca, Sara Zizak, Sandra Sassaroli

Abstract

Cognitive Behavioral Therapy (CBT), Rational Emotive Behavior Therapy (REBT) and Metacognitive Therapy (MCT) models show both similarities and differences in conceptualizing anxiety. This work assumes that REBT’s irrational and MCT’s metacognitive beliefs play a mediation role while CBT’s disorder specific content beliefs act as triggers. This hypothesis is tested using a regression model in which metacognitive and irrational beliefs play a mediation role while content disorder beliefs are independent variables. This paper applied this model to generalized anxiety disorder (GAD), a psychiatric diagnosis in which anxiety is the major feature. In GAD, the specific content beliefs are negative problem orientation and intolerance of uncertainty. Therefore, 149 non clinical subjects completed 4 self-report questionnaires: the Negative Orientation to the Problems Questionnaire and the Intolerance of Uncertainty Scale as measures for content cognitive beliefs, the Attitudes and Beliefs Scale for irrational beliefs, and the Metacognitive Questionnaire 30 Items Version for metacognitive beliefs. The generalized anxiety disorder questionnaire was chosen in order to measure anxiety as dependent variable. Regression analyses confirmed that irrational and metacognitive beliefs mediate the relation between cognitive content beliefs and GAD. We clinically interpret mediation as a second level regulation.

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