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Gepubliceerd in: Journal of Autism and Developmental Disorders 3/2010

01-03-2010 | Original Paper

Investigation of Mentalizing and Visuospatial Perspective Taking for Self and Other in Asperger Syndrome

Auteurs: Nicole David, Carolin Aumann, Bettina H. Bewernick, Natacha S. Santos, Fritz-G. Lehnhardt, Kai Vogeley

Gepubliceerd in: Journal of Autism and Developmental Disorders | Uitgave 3/2010

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Abstract

Mentalizing refers to making inferences about other people’s mental states, whereas visuospatial perspective taking refers to inferring other people’s viewpoints. Both abilities seem vital for social functioning; yet, their exact relationship is unclear. We directly compared mentalizing and visuospatial perspective taking in nineteen adults with Asperger syndrome (AS) and fifteen control participants with the same stimulus material. Stimuli depicted virtual characters surrounded by two different objects. Virtual characters expressed a preference for one of the objects indicated by facial expression, gestures or head/body orientation. Compared to controls, participants with AS showed significantly increased reaction times and decreased accuracy for mentalizing (i.e., when inferring the virtual character’s preference from the character’s nonverbal bodily cues). By contrast, there were no significant group differences in perspective taking (i.e., by mental own-body transformations). These findings demonstrate, first, specific deficits in AS when mental states have to be inferred from nonverbal social cues. Second, visuospatial perspective taking may not necessarily be related to social impairments occurring in autism spectrum disorders.
Voetnoten
1
EHI is missing in five control participants.
 
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Metagegevens
Titel
Investigation of Mentalizing and Visuospatial Perspective Taking for Self and Other in Asperger Syndrome
Auteurs
Nicole David
Carolin Aumann
Bettina H. Bewernick
Natacha S. Santos
Fritz-G. Lehnhardt
Kai Vogeley
Publicatiedatum
01-03-2010
Uitgeverij
Springer US
Gepubliceerd in
Journal of Autism and Developmental Disorders / Uitgave 3/2010
Print ISSN: 0162-3257
Elektronisch ISSN: 1573-3432
DOI
https://doi.org/10.1007/s10803-009-0867-4