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Gepubliceerd in: Journal of Psychopathology and Behavioral Assessment 2/2023

14-02-2023

Investigating the Validity and Measurement Invariance of the Personality Inventory for DSM-5 Faceted Brief Form Among French-speaking Clinical and Nonclinical Samples

Auteurs: Philippe Leclerc, Claudia Savard, Martin Sellbom, Alexandre Côté, Marie-Chloé Nolin, Maude Payant, David Roy, Dominick Gamache

Gepubliceerd in: Journal of Psychopathology and Behavioral Assessment | Uitgave 2/2023

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Abstract

There has been no proper validation of the Personality Inventory for the Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders (PID-5) Faceted Brief Form (PID-5-FBF), a shortened 100-item version of the original PID-5, in the French language. In addition, more than one domain scoring procedure has been proposed in the literature, and no study has attempted to compare them from a factor analytic standpoint. Also, no study about the PID-5 (nor the PID-5-FBF) has been conducted with private practice clients, to the best of our knowledge, despite the fact that it is a very common clientele. This study seeks to (a) provide initial evidence of reliability and validity for the PID-5-FBF among French-speaking samples; (b) compare the structure of the PID-5-FBF while using two different domain scoring procedures; and (c) investigate its measurement invariance between sexes and across samples following a theoretical gradient of psychopathology. Indices of reliability and validity were documented among three samples: a community sample (n = 526, 49.8% women), private practice clients (n = 544, 64.0% women), and outpatients with personality disorder (n = 288, 61.5% women). Results generally showed good to excellent psychometric properties, providing initial support for the PID-5-FBF for research and clinical applications. The results of both scoring procedures were good, but one showed a clear advantage, by having notably cleaner loadings. Using stringent criteria, strict invariance was supported between sexes, while partial invariance was supported across samples. Clinical implications are discussed, notably pertaining to private practice clients, an understudied group.
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Voetnoten
1
Formerly referred to as the “Personality Inventory for DSM-5–Short Form” (PID-5-SF).
 
2
For instance, to qualify for a formal AMPD-based borderline PD diagnosis, the patient must have high elevations of four out of seven specific facets (i.e., Emotional Lability, Anxiousness, Separation Insecurity, Depressivity, Impulsivity, Risk Taking, Hostility), with at least one from the last three facets (APA, 2013).
 
3
This study was not preregistered. The outpatient sample and a part of the private practice sample (44%) have already been used in other studies from our group. Nonetheless, this study represents an original analysis.
 
4
For a more thorough description of the similarities and differences between the two domain calculation methods, see Watters et al. (2019).
 
5
Simply put, “a scale will yield far more information—and, hence, be a more valid measure of a construct—if it contains more differentiated items that are only moderately intercorrelated” (Clark & Watson, 1995, p. 316).
 
6
After adjustments were made at the scalar invariance step, full MI was also reported at the strict level (Gomez et al., 2022).
 
7
The authors reported partial strict MI as well, but, as they stated, the general goodness-of-fit indices fell below the conventional standards (Bach et al., 2018).
 
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Metagegevens
Titel
Investigating the Validity and Measurement Invariance of the Personality Inventory for DSM-5 Faceted Brief Form Among French-speaking Clinical and Nonclinical Samples
Auteurs
Philippe Leclerc
Claudia Savard
Martin Sellbom
Alexandre Côté
Marie-Chloé Nolin
Maude Payant
David Roy
Dominick Gamache
Publicatiedatum
14-02-2023
Uitgeverij
Springer US
Gepubliceerd in
Journal of Psychopathology and Behavioral Assessment / Uitgave 2/2023
Print ISSN: 0882-2689
Elektronisch ISSN: 1573-3505
DOI
https://doi.org/10.1007/s10862-022-10000-0

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