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Gepubliceerd in: Journal of Behavioral Medicine 1/2019

10-07-2018

Intra-individual study of mindfulness: ecological momentary perspective in post-surgical lung cancer patients

Auteurs: Mariya P. Shiyko, Brian Siembor, Paul B. Greene, Joshua Smyth, Jack E. Burkhalter

Gepubliceerd in: Journal of Behavioral Medicine | Uitgave 1/2019

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Abstract

The period of recovery following a lung-cancer surgery presents unique challenges and psychological demands. The study utilized ecological momentary assessments (EMA) to repeatedly sample mindfulness states in a sample of mindfulness-untrained individuals following hospital discharge. Intra- and inter- individual variability was assessed to examine cancer patients’ natural capacity to exhibit mindfulness states during two weeks of recovery. Fifty nine stage I lung cancer patients (61% women, mean age = 66.1, SD = 7.9) completed EMA twice a day for two weeks. Mean level of mindfulness in the sample was low and equaled .49 (SD = .51) on the 5 point scale, with older participants being less likely to endorse mindful states. Net variability in mindfulness, defined as the person-based standard deviation in momentary scores, equaled .42 (SD = .26), ranging for 0 to 1.3 and indicating very modest variability for most participants. Results of the multi-level variance partitioning model revealed 41.4% of variance in mindfulness scores at the inter-individual, 2.4% on the temporal (i.e., .2% weekly and 2.2% daily), and 56.2% on the momentary levels. Findings indicate that, for cancer patients recovering from surgery, the innate ability to exhibit mindfulness is limited. From the methodological standpoint, consideration of intra-individual variability has implications for conceptualization and design of EMA studies.
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Metagegevens
Titel
Intra-individual study of mindfulness: ecological momentary perspective in post-surgical lung cancer patients
Auteurs
Mariya P. Shiyko
Brian Siembor
Paul B. Greene
Joshua Smyth
Jack E. Burkhalter
Publicatiedatum
10-07-2018
Uitgeverij
Springer US
Gepubliceerd in
Journal of Behavioral Medicine / Uitgave 1/2019
Print ISSN: 0160-7715
Elektronisch ISSN: 1573-3521
DOI
https://doi.org/10.1007/s10865-018-9942-7

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