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15-03-2017 | Uitgave 1/2018

Journal of Abnormal Child Psychology 1/2018

Interpretation Bias Training in Depressed Adolescents: Near- and Far-Transfer Effects

Tijdschrift:
Journal of Abnormal Child Psychology > Uitgave 1/2018
Auteurs:
Joelle LeMoult, Natalie Colich, Jutta Joormann, Manpreet K. Singh, Caitlin Eggleston, Ian H. Gotlib
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Electronic supplementary material

The online version of this article (doi:10.​1007/​s10802-017-0285-6) contains supplementary material, which is available to authorized users.

Abstract

Depressed adolescents are characterized by negative interpretation biases. Although investigators have used cognitive bias modification for interpretation (CBM-I) to experimentally manipulate interpretation biases in depressed adults, the near- and far-transfer effects are not well understood in adolescents diagnosed with Major Depressive Disorder (MDD). In this study, we extend previous research by investigating the near- and far-transfer effects of 6 sessions of Positive versus Neutral CBM-I on independent measures of interpretation bias (near-transfer effects) and on attention biases and clinical symptoms (far-transfer effects) in a sample of adolescents with MDD (n = 46). At post-training, adolescents who received Positive CBM-I interpreted ambiguous scenarios more positively than did participants who received Neutral CBM-I, providing evidence of training effectiveness. There was no evidence, however, of near- or far-transfer effects. These findings raise concerns about the malleability of interpretation biases in adolescent depression and suggest that further work is needed to establish the clinical utility of CBM-I for adolescents with MDD.

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Extra materiaal
ESM 1 (DOCX 18 kb)
10802_2017_285_MOESM1_ESM.docx
ESM 2 (DOCX 17 kb)
10802_2017_285_MOESM2_ESM.docx
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