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Gepubliceerd in: Child Psychiatry & Human Development 2/2013

01-04-2013 | Original Article

Interpersonal Reactivity Index: Analysis of Invariance and Gender Differences in Spanish Youths

Auteurs: Francisco Pablo Holgado Tello, Begoña Delgado Egido, Miguel A. Carrasco Ortiz, M. V. Del Barrio Gandara

Gepubliceerd in: Child Psychiatry & Human Development | Uitgave 2/2013

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Abstract

Empathy is understood as a multidimensional construct involving both cognitive and emotional factors for which, traditionally, gender differences have been reported. The Interpersonal Reactivity Index (Davis in Catalog Sel Documents Psychol 10:1–19, 1980) is an instrument made up of four subscales, each measuring a different dimension of the global concept of empathy. Attending to gender differences, the present study’s objective is twofold. First, it aims to determine, conceptually speaking, whether or not the model analyzed by this instrument is equivalent for the two sexes. Second, it aims to determine which dimensions involved in empathy most strongly predict gender differences. The results convey that the proposed model is invariant between boys and girls, although the dimensions exhibited significant differences of magnitude as a function of sex. Mainly two variables (Considerate Social Style and Impassiveness) were capable of distinguishing between men and women. Possible reasons for these results are also discussed.
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Metagegevens
Titel
Interpersonal Reactivity Index: Analysis of Invariance and Gender Differences in Spanish Youths
Auteurs
Francisco Pablo Holgado Tello
Begoña Delgado Egido
Miguel A. Carrasco Ortiz
M. V. Del Barrio Gandara
Publicatiedatum
01-04-2013
Uitgeverij
Springer US
Gepubliceerd in
Child Psychiatry & Human Development / Uitgave 2/2013
Print ISSN: 0009-398X
Elektronisch ISSN: 1573-3327
DOI
https://doi.org/10.1007/s10578-012-0327-9