Swipe om te navigeren naar een ander artikel
Publisher’s note: Springer Nature remains neutral with regard to jurisdictional claims in published maps and institutional affiliations.
Cross-ethnic friendships are associated with better intergroup attitudes, especially among youth from societally dominant groups. In spite of the increasing diversity of the United States school-age population, it is not clear whether friendships between ethnic minority youth (“interminority” friendships) similarly predict intergroup attitudes. Moreover, little is known about the underlying mechanisms that can help account for such friendship effects. To address these gaps, the current study examines the number and the stability (a potential mechanism) of unique cross-ethnic friendships as predictors of intergroup attitudes in a sample of 2580 Black and Latino youth (52% female, 73% Latino) attending 26 ethnically diverse California public middle schools. Youth nominated their close friends across the three years of middle school. Multilevel analyses revealed that the presence of at least one stable Black-Latino friendship positively predicted attitudes, over and above the number of such friendships. These findings indicate that lasting friendships between youth of different ethnic backgrounds may be particularly potent in shaping adolescents’ attitudes, as opposed to several, transient relationships. Implications for facilitating stable friendships between youth of different racial/ethnic backgrounds are discussed, including suggestions for future research on interminority friendships.
Log in om toegang te krijgen
Met onderstaand(e) abonnement(en) heeft u direct toegang:
Allport, G. W. (1954). The nature of prejudice. Reading, MA: Addison-Wesley.
Berndt, T. J., Hawkins, J. A., & Jiao, Z. (1999). Influences of friends and friendships on adjustment to junior high school. Merrill-Palmer Quarterly, 45, 13–41.
Berndt, T. J., & McCandless, M. A. (2009). Methods for investigating children’s relationships with friends. In K. H. Rubin, W. M. Bukowski & B. Laursen (Eds), Handbook of peer interactions, relationships, and groups. New York, NY: Guilford Press US.
Bogardus, E. S. (1933). A social distance scale. Sociology and Social Research, 17, 265–271.
Bukowski, W. M., Hoza, B., & Boivin, M. (1994). Measuring friendship quality during pre-and early adolescence: The development and psychometric properties of the Friendship Qualities Scale. Journal of Social and Personal Relationships, 11(3), 471–484. https://doi.org/10.1177/0265407594113011. CrossRef
California Department of Education (2018). 2017–18 enrollment by ethnicity and grade. https://dq.cde.ca.gov/dataquest/dataquest.asp.
Collins, W. A., & Laursen, B. (2004). Changing relationships, changing youth: interpersonal contexts of adolescent development. Journal of Early Adolescence, 24(1), 55–62. CrossRef
Costello, M. B. (2016). The Trump effect: the impact of the presidential campaign on our nation's schools. Southern Poverty Law Center. Birmingham, AL. https://www.splcenter.org/20160413/trump-effect-impact-presidential-campaign-our-nations-schools.
Feddes, A. R., Noack, P., & Rutland, A. (2009). Direct and extended friendship effects on minority and majority children’s interethnic attitudes: a longitudinal study. Child Development, 80(2), 377–390. https://doi.org/10.1111/j.1467-8624.2009.01266.x. CrossRefPubMed
Federal Bureau of Investigation, Criminal Justice Information Services Division (2015). Hate crime statistics. https://ucr.fbi.gov/hate-crime/2015.
Federal Bureau of Investigation, Criminal Justice Information Services Division (2016). Hate crime statistics. https://ucr.fbi.gov/hate-crime/2016.
Federal Bureau of Investigation, Criminal Justice Information Services Division (2017). Hate crime statistics. https://ucr.fbi.gov/hate-crime/2017.
Fry, R., Lopez, M. H., Cohn, D., Passel, J. S., & Brown, A. (2015). Modern immigration wave brings 59 million to US, driving population growth and change through 2065: views of immigration's impact on US society mixed. Pew Research Center. Washington, DC.
Graham, S., Taylor, A. Z., & Ho, A. Y. (2009). Race and ethnicity in peer relations research. In K. H. Rubin, W. M. Bukowski & B. Laursen (Eds), Handbook of peer interactions, relationships, and groups (pp. 394–413). New York, NY: Guilford.
Joyner, K., & Kao, G. (2000). School racial composition and adolescent racial homophily. Social Science Quarterly, 81(3), 810–825.
Kashy, D. A., & Kenny, D. A. (2000). The analysis of data from dyads and groups. In H. T. Reis & C. M. Judd (Eds), Handbook of research methods in social and personality psychology (pp. 451–477). New York, NY: Cambridge University Press.
Klein, H. S., & Vinson, III, B. (2007). African slavery in Latin America and the Caribbean. New York, NY: Oxford University Press.
Lausent-Herrera, I. (2010). Tusans (Tusheng) and the changing Chinese community in Peru. In W. L. Lai & C. B. Tan (Eds), The Chinese in Latin America and the Caribbean (pp. 141–184). Boston, MA: Brill. CrossRef
Lessard, L. M., Kogachi, K., & Juvonen, J. (2018). Quality and stability of cross-ethnic friendships: effects of classroom diversity and out-of-school contact. Journal of Youth and Adolescence, 1–13. https://doi.org/10.1007/s10964-018-0964-9
McPherson, M., Smith-Lovin, L., & Cook, J. M. (2001). Birds of a feather: homophily in social networks. Annual Review of Sociology, 27(1), 415–444. https://doi.org/10.1146/annurev.soc.27.1.415. CrossRef
Meter, D. J., & Card, N. A. (2016). Stability of children's and adolescents' friendships: a meta-analytic review. Merrill-Palmer Quarterly, 62(3), 252–284. https://doi.org/10.1037/0033-2909.117.2.306. CrossRef
Muthén, L. K., & Muthén, B. O. (1998–2018). Mplus user’s guide. 8th edn. Los Angeles, CA: Muthén & Muthén.
Oakes, J. (2005). Keeping track: how schools structure inequality. 2nd edn. New Haven, CT: Yale University Press.
Pettigrew, T. F., & Tropp, L. R. (2006). A meta-analytic test of intergroup contact theory. Journal of Personality and Social Psychology, 90(5), 751 https://doi.org/10.1037/0022-3522.214.171.1241. CrossRef
Quinones, S., Winton, R., & Mozingo, J. (2013). Attack on family in Compton latest incident in wave of anti-black violence. Los Angeles Times. Los Angeles, CA. http://articles.latimes.com/2013/jan/25/local/la-me-0126-compton-20130126.
Schneider, B. H., Fonzi, A., Tani, F., & Tomada, G. (1997). A cross‐cultural exploration of the stability of children's friendships and the predictors of their continuation. Social Development, 6(3), 322–339. https://doi.org/10.1111/j.1467-9507.1997.tb00109.x. CrossRef
Sears, D. O., & Savalei, V. (2006). The political color line in America: Many “peoples of color” or Black exceptionalism? Political Psychology, 27(6), 895–924. https://doi.org/10.1111/j.1467-9221.2006.00542.x. CrossRef
Tropp, L. R., & Pettigrew, T. F. (2005). Relationships between intergroup contact and prejudice among minority and majority status groups. Psychological Science, 16(12), 951–957. https://doi.org/10.1111/j.1467-9280.2005.01643.x. CrossRefPubMed
U.S. Department of Education, National Center for Education Statistics (2017). Racial/ethnic enrollment in public schools. https://nces.ed.gov/programs/coe/pdf/coe_cge.pdf.
- Interminority Friendships and Intergroup Attitudes Across Middle School: Quantity and Stability of Black-Latino Ties
- Springer US