Swipe om te navigeren naar een ander artikel
Identification of the causes of child maltreatment perpetration is prerequisite for developing efficacious prevention initiatives to reduce its occurrence. Earlier maltreatment victimization is often suggested as an important cause of subsequent maltreatment perpetration. This study investigates a) whether maltreatment victimization causes subsequent perpetration and b) whether the timing of maltreatment victimization—childhood versus adolescence—alters this relationship. We use data from the Rochester Youth Development Study, a longitudinal study begun in Rochester, New York in 1988, based on a stratified random sample of 1000 seventh and eighth graders. At the most recent followup, 80 % were reinterviewed. Child Protective Services data were collected on substantiated incidents of maltreatment victimization from birth to age 17 and on maltreatment perpetration through average age 33, n = 816. Using propensity score models to control selection effects, we find that a history of maltreatment victimization significantly increases the odds of becoming a perpetrator of maltreatment. Although childhood-limited maltreatment does not significantly increase the odds of maltreatment perpetration, maltreatment that occurs in adolescence or that begins in childhood and persists into adolescence does. Adolescent maltreatment was found to be more serious in terms of type, chronicity, and severity than childhood-limited maltreatment, offering a possible explanation for this finding. Therefore, maltreatment victimization, especially during adolescence, is a likely cause of subsequent perpetration. Clinical services to interrupt the cycle of maltreatment are needed to protect subsequent generations from experiencing maltreatment and from experiencing the health-risking behaviors that often flow from maltreatment.
Log in om toegang te krijgen
Met onderstaand(e) abonnement(en) heeft u direct toegang:
Altemeier, W. A., O'Connor, S., Sherrod, K. B., Tucker, D., & Vietze, P. (1986). Outcome of abuse during childhood among pregnant low income women. Child Abuse & Neglect, 10, 319–330. CrossRef
Barnett, D., Manly, J. T., & Cicchetti, D. (1993). Defining child maltreatment: the interface between policy and research. In D. Cicchetti & S. L. Toth (Eds.), Child abuse, child development, and social policy (pp. 7–73). Norwood, NJ: Ablex.
Blumstein, A., Cohen, J., Roth, J. A., & Visher, C. A. (Eds.). (1986). Criminal careers and career criminals (Vol. 1). Washington, DC: National Academy Press.
Casey, B. J., Jones, R. M., Levita, L., Libby, V., Pattwell, S., Ruberry, E., et al. (2010). The storm and stress of adolescence: insights from human imaging and mouse genetics. Developmental Psychobiology, 52, 225–235. PubMed
Centers for Disease Control and Prevention. (2002). CDC injury research agenda. Atlanta, GA: Centers for Disease Control and Prevention.
Centers for Disease Control and Prevention. (2009). Parent training programs: insight for practitioners. Atlanta, GA: Centers for Disease Control and Prevention.
Child Abuse Prevention and Treatment Act. (1974). U. S. Public Law 93–247.
Cicchetti, D. (2006). Development and psychopathology. In D. Cicchetti & D. J. Cohen (Eds.), Developmental psychopathology: Vol. 1. Theory and method (2nd ed., pp. 1–23). New York: Wiley.
Cicchetti, D., & Barnett, D. (1991). Toward the development of a scientific nosology of child maltreatment. In W. Gove & D. Cicchetti (Eds.), Thinking clearly about psychology: essays in honor of Paul E. Meehl: personality and psychopathology (Vol. 2, pp. 346–377). Minneapolis: University of Minnesota Press.
Cicchetti, D., & Valentino, K. (2006). An ecological transactional perspective on child maltreatment: failure of the average expectable environment and its influence upon child development. In D. Cicchetti & D. J. Cohen (Eds.), Developmental psychopathology: Vol. 3. Risk, disorder, and adaptation (pp. 129–201). New York: Wiley.
Collins, W. A., & Steinberg, L. (2006). Adolescent development in interpersonal context. In W. Damon & N. Eisenberg (Eds.), Handbook of child psychology (Socioemotional processes, Vol. 4, pp. 1003–1067). New York: Wiley.
Creighton, S. J. (1985). An epidemiological study of abused children and their families in the United Kingdom between 1977 and 1982. Child Abuse & Neglect, 9, 441–448. CrossRef
Crittenden, P. M., Claussen, A. H., & Sugarman, D. B. (1994). Physical and psychological maltreatment in middle childhood and adolescence. Development and Psychopathology, 6, 145–164. CrossRef
Crockett, C. M., & Pope, T. R. (1993). Consequences of sex differences in dispersal for juvenile red howler monkeys. In M. E. Pereira & L. A. Fairbanks (Eds.), Juvenile primates: life history, development, and behavior (pp. 104–118). New York: Oxford University Press.
Daley, M. R., & Piliavin, I. (1982). “Violence against children” revisited: some necessary clarification of findings from a major national study. Journal of Social Service Research, 5, 61–81. CrossRef
Eckenrode, J., Sielinski, D., Smith, E., Marcynszyn, L. A., Henderson, C. R., Jr., Kitzman, H., et al. (2001). Child maltreatment and the early onset of problem behaviors: can a program of nurse home visitation break the link? Development and Psychopathology, 13, 873–890. PubMed
Egley, L. C. (1991). What changes the societal prevalence of domestic violence? Journal of Marriage and Family, 53, 885–897. CrossRef
Elliott, D. S., Huizinga, D., & Menard, S. (1989). Multiple problem youth: delinquency, substance use, and mental health problems. New York: Springer. CrossRef
Ertem, I. O., Leventhal, J. M., & Dobbs, S. (2000). Intergenerational continuity of child physical abuse: how good is the evidence? The Lancet, 356, 814–819. CrossRef
Farnworth, M., Thornberry, T. P., Krohn, M. D., & Lizotte, A. J. (1994). Measurement in the study of class and delinquency: integrating theory and research. Journal of Research in Crime and Delinquency, 31, 32–61. CrossRef
Garbarino, J. (1977). The human ecology of child maltreatment: a conceptual model for research. Journal of Marriage and Family, 39, 721–735. CrossRef
Garbarino, J., & Gilliam, G. (1980). Understanding abusive families. Lexington, MA: Lexington Books.
Gilbert, R., Widom, C. S., Browne, K., Fergusson, D., Webb, E., & Janson, S. (2009). Burden and consequences of child maltreatment in high-income countries. The Lancet, 373, 68–81. CrossRef
Healthy Families America. (2012). Retrieved April 13, 2012, from http://www.healthyfamiliesamerica.org/home/index.shtml.
Hegar, R. L., Zuravin, S. J., & Orme, J. G. (1994). Factors predicting severity of physical child abuse injury: a review of the literature. Journal of Interpersonal Violence, 9, 170–183. CrossRef
Ho, D. E., Imai, K., King, G., & Stuart, E. A. (2011). MatchIt: nonparametric preprocessing for parametric causal inference. Journal of Statistical Software, 42, 1–28.
Ireland, T. O., Smith, C. A., & Thornberry, T. P. (2002). Developmental issues in the impact of child maltreatment on later delinquency and drug use. Criminology, 40, 359–399. CrossRef
Jonson-Reid, M., & Barth, R. (2000). From maltreatment report to juvenile incarceration: the role of child welfare services. Child Abuse & Neglect, 24, 505–520. CrossRef
Knutson, J. F., & Schartz, H. A. (1997). Physical abuse and neglect of children. In T. A. Widiger, A. J. Frances, H. A. Pincus, R. Ross, M. B. First, & W. Davis (Eds.), DSM-IV sourcebook (Vol. 3, pp. 713–804). Washington, DC: American Psychiatric Association Press.
Krohn, M. D., & Thornberry, T. P. (1999). Retention of minority populations in panel studies of drug use. Drugs & Society, 14, 185–207. CrossRef
Lundahl, B. W., Nimer, J., & Parsons, B. (2006). Preventing child abuse: a meta-analysis of parent training programs. Research on Social Work Practice, 16, 251–262. CrossRef
Main, M., & Goldwyn, R. (1984). Predicting rejection of her infant from mother’s representation of her own experience: implications for the abused-abusing intergenerational cycle. International Journal of Child Abuse and Neglect, 8, 203–217. CrossRef
Main, M., & Solomon, J. (1990). Procedures for identifying infants as disorganized/disoriented during the Ainsworth Strange Situation. In M. Greenberg, D. Cicchetti, & E. M. Cummings (Eds.), Attachment in the preschool years: theory, research and intervention (pp. 121–160). Chicago: University of Chicago Press.
Masten, A. (2006). Developmental psychopathology: pathways to the future. International Journal of Behavioral Development, 31, 46–53.
Morton, N., & Browne, K. D. (1998). Theory and observation of attachment and its relation to child maltreatment: a review. Child Abuse & Neglect, 22, 1093–1104. CrossRef
Olds, D. L. (2006). The nurse-family partnership: an evidence-based preventive intervention. Infant Mental Health Journal, 27, 5–25. CrossRef
Olds, D. L., Eckenrode, J., Henderson, C. R., Jr., Kitzman, H., Powers, J., Cole, R., et al. (1997). Long term effects of home visitation on maternal life course and child abuse and neglect: fifteen-year follow-up of a randomized trial. Journal of the American Medical Association, 278, 637–652. PubMedCrossRef
Pears, K. C., & Capaldi, D. (2001). Intergenerational transmission of abuse: a two-generational prospective study of an at-risk sample. Child Abuse & Neglect, 25, 1439–1461.
Raiha, N. K., & Soma, D. J. (1997). Victims of child abuse and neglect in the U.S. army. Child Abuse & Neglect, 21, 759–768.
Renner, L. M., & Slack, K. S. (2006). Intimate partner violence and child maltreatment: understanding intra- and intergenerational connections. Child Abuse & Neglect, 30, 599–617. CrossRef
Rosenbaum, P. R., & Rubin, D. B. (1983). The central role of the propensity score in observational studies for causal effects. Biometrika, 70, 41–55. CrossRef
Rosenthal, J. A. (1988). Patterns of reported child abuse and neglect. Child Abuse & Neglect, 12, 263–271. CrossRef
Seaberg, J. R. (1977). Predictors of injury severity in physical child abuse. Journal of Social Service Research, 1, 63–76. CrossRef
Sedlak, A. J., Mettenburg, J., Basena, M., Petta, I., McPherson, K., Green, A., et al. (2010). Fourth national incidence study of child abuse and neglect (NIS-4): report to congress, executive summary. Washington, DC: U. S. Department of Health and Human Services, Administration for Children and Families.
Sidebotham, P., Golding, J., & The ALSPAC Study Team. (2001). Child maltreatment in the “children of the nineties”: a longitudinal study of parental risk factors. Child Abuse & Neglect, 25, 1177–1200.
Singer, J. D., & Willett, J. B. (2003). Applied longitudinal data analysis: modeling change and event occurrence. New York: Oxford University Press. CrossRef
Smith, C. A., & Thornberry, T. P. (1995). The relationship between childhood maltreatment and adolescent involvement in delinquency. Criminology, 33, 451–481. CrossRef
Smith, C. A., Thornberry, T. P., & Ireland, T. O. (2004). Adolescent maltreatment and its impact: timing matters. Prevention Researcher, 11, 7–11.
Sobsey, D., Randall, W., & Parrila, R. K. (1997). Gender differences in abused children with and without disabilities. Child Abuse & Neglect, 21, 707–720. CrossRef
Stewart, A., Livingston, M., & Dennison, S. (2008). Transitions and turning points: examining the links between child maltreatment and juvenile offending. Child Abuse & Neglect, 32, 51–66. CrossRef
Straus, M. A., & Gelles, R. J. (1986). Societal change and change in family violence from 1975 to 1985 as revealed by two national surveys. Journal of Marriage and Family, 48, 465–479. CrossRef
Straus, M. A., & Smith, C. (1995). Family patterns and child abuse. In M. A. Straus & R. J. Gelles (Eds.), Physical violence in American families: risk factors and adaptations to violence in 8,145 families (pp. 245–261). New Brunswick, NJ: Transaction Publishers.
Straus, M. A., Gelles, R. J., & Steinmetz, S. K. (1981). Behind closed doors: violence in the American family. Garden City, NY: Anchor Books.
Thompson, R. (2006). Exploring the link between maternal history of childhood victimization and child risk of maltreatment. Journal of Trauma Practice, 5, 57–72. CrossRef
Thornberry, T. P. (2008). Testing the cycle of violence hypothesis: intergenerational transfer of risk for child maltreatment of young mothers. Report submitted to the Office of Juvenile Justice and Delinquency Prevention, U. S. Department of Justice.
Thornberry, T. P. (2009). The apple doesn’t fall far from the tree (Or does it?): intergenerational patterns of antisocial behavior. Criminology, 47, 297–325. CrossRef
Thornberry, T. P., Ireland, T. O., & Smith, C. A. (2001). The importance of timing: the varying impact of childhood and adolescent maltreatment on multiple problem outcomes. Development and Psychopathology, 13, 957–979. PubMed
Thornberry, T. P., Knight, K. E., & Lovegrove, P. J. (2012). Does maltreatment beget maltreatment? A systematic review of the intergenerational literature. Trauma, Violence & Abuse, 13, 135–152. CrossRef
U. S. Department of Health and Human Services. (2001). Child maltreatment, 1999. Washington, DC: U. S. Government Printing Office.
U.S. Department of Health and Human Services, Administration for Children and Families, Administration on Children, Youth and Families, Children’s Bureau. (2011). Child maltreatment 2010. Available from http://www.acf.hhs.gov/programs/cb/stats_research/index.htm#can.
Wang, C.-T., & Holton, J. (2007). Total estimated cost of child abuse and neglect in the United States. Chicago: Prevent Child Abuse America.
Widom, C. S., Raphael, K. G., & DuMont, K. A. (2004). The case for prospective longitudinal studies in child maltreatment research: commentary on Dube, Williamson, Felitti, and Anda. Child Abuse & Neglect, 28, 715–722. CrossRef
Wolfgang, M. E., Thornberry, T. P., & Figlio, R. M. (1987). From boy to man, from delinquency to crime. Chicago: University of Chicago Press.
- Intergenerational Continuity in Maltreatment
Terence P. Thornberry
Kimberly L. Henry
- Springer US