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01-04-2008 | Uitgave 3/2008

Journal of Abnormal Child Psychology 3/2008

Intergenerational and Partner Influences on Fathers’ Negative Discipline

Tijdschrift:
Journal of Abnormal Child Psychology > Uitgave 3/2008
Auteurs:
Deborah M. Capaldi, Katherine C. Pears, David C. R. Kerr, Lee D. Owen

Abstract

Recent studies have found significant but relatively modest associations in parenting across generations, suggesting additional influences on parenting beyond experiences in the family of origin. The present prospective, cross-generational study of at-risk men (Oregon Youth Study) focuses on fathers’ negative discipline practices with their 2- to 3-year-old children. The theoretical model is based on a dynamic developmental systems approach to problematic family functioning, which points to the importance of developmental systems, including family risk context and key influential social interactional systems, and emphasizes influence that is directly pertinent to the outcome of interest. Path modeling indicated that the men’s poor and harsh discipline practices were predicted by partners’ problem behavior (substance use and antisocial behavior) and negative discipline practices, as well as by poor discipline experienced in the family of origin; men’s own problem behavior, ages at which they became fathers, and family socioeconomic status were controlled. Findings indicate the importance of focusing on influence dynamics across parents.

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