Swipe om te navigeren naar een ander artikel
Authors Phil McAleer and M. D. Rutherford contributed equally to this manuscript.
An erratum to this article can be found at http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s10803-010-1145-1
The perception of intent in Autism Spectrum Disorders (ASD) often relies on synthetic animacy displays. This study tests intention perception in ASD via animacy stimuli derived from human motion. Using a forced choice task, 28 participants (14 ASDs; 14 age and verbal-I.Q. matched controls) categorized displays of Chasing, Fighting, Flirting, Following, Guarding and Playing, from two viewpoints (side, overhead) in both animacy and full video displays. Detailed analysis revealed no differences between populations in accuracy, or response patterns. Collapsing across groups revealed Following and Video displays to be most accurately perceived. The stimuli and intentions used are compared to those of previous studies, and the implication of our results on the understanding of Theory of Mind in ASD is discussed.
Log in om toegang te krijgen
Met onderstaand(e) abonnement(en) heeft u direct toegang:
Abell, F., Happé, F., & Frith, U. (2000). Do triangles play tricks? Attribution of mental states to animated shapes in normal and abnormal development. Cognitive Development, 15, 1–16. CrossRef
Abell, F., Krams, M., Ashburner, J., Passingham, R., Friston, K., Frackowiak, R., et al. (1999). The neuroanatomy of autism: a voxel-based whole brain analysis of structural scans. Neuroreport: For Rapid Communication of Neuroscience Research, 10(8), 1647–1651.
Asperger, H. (1944). Die autistischen Psychopathen im Kindesalter. In U. Frith (Ed.), Autism and Asperger Syndrome Archiv für Psychiatrie und Nervenkrankheiten (pp. 76–136). Cambridge, UK: Cambridge University Press.
Bachevalier, J. (1991). An animal model for childhood autism: Memory loss and socioemotional disturbances following neonatal damage to the limbic system in monkeys. In C. A. Tamminga & S. C. Schulz (Eds.), Advances in neuropsychiatry and psychopharmacology (Vol. 1) (pp. 129–140). New York: Raven Press.
Baron-Cohen, S. (1995). Mindblindness: An essay on autism and theory of mind. Cambridge, MA: The MIT Press.
Baron-Cohen, S. (2003). The essential difference. London, UK: Penguin.
Baron-Cohen, S., Wheelwright, S., Griffin, R., Lawson, J., & Hill, J. (2002). The exact mind: Empathising and systemising in autism spectrum conditions. In U. Goswami (Ed.), Handbook of development. Oxford: Blackwell.
Barrett, H. C., Todd, P. M., Miller, G. F., & Blythe, P. W. (2005). Accurate judgements of intention from motion cues alone: A cross-cultural study. Evolution and Human Behaviour, 26, 313–331. CrossRef
Bassili, J. N. (1976). Temporal and spatial contingencies in the perception of social events. Journal of Personality and Social Psychology, 33(6), 680–685. CrossRef
Bauman, M. L., & Kemper, T. L. (1994). Neuroanatomic observations of the brain in autism. In M. L. Bauman & T. L. Kemper (Eds.), The neurobiology of autism (pp. 119–145). Baltimore, MD: John Hopkins University Press.
Berry, D. S., Misovich, S. J., Kean, K. J., & Baron, R. M. (1992). Effects of disruption of structure and motion on perception of social causality. Personality and Social Psychology Bulletin, 18(2), 237–238. CrossRef
Blythe, P. W., Todd, P. M., & Miller, G. F. (1999). How motion reveals intention: Categorizing social interactions in simple Heuristics that make us smart. In Gigerenzer, et al. (Eds.), Simple Heuristics that make us smart (pp. 257–285). Oxford: Oxford University Press.
Bowler, D. M., & Thommen, E. (2000). Attribution of mechanical and social causality to animated displays by children with autism. Autism, 4, 147–171. CrossRef
Brothers, L. (1990). The social brain: A project for integrating primate behaviour and neurophysiology in a new domain. Concepts in Neuroscience, 1, 27–51.
Castelli, F. (2006). The Valley task: Understanding intention from goal-directed motion in typical development and autism. British Journal of Developmental Psychology, 24, 655–668. CrossRef
Davison, A. C., & Hinkley, D. V. (2007). Bootstrap methods and their application. Cambridge, UK: Cambridge University Press.
Edgington, E. S., & Onghena, P. (2007). Randomization tests. Boca Raton. USA: CRC Press.
Fisher, R. A. (1922). On the interpretation of χ 2 from contingency tables, and the calculation of P. Journal of the Royal Statistical Society, 85(1), 87–94. CrossRef
Frith, U. (1989). Autism: Explaining the enigma. Oxford: Blackwell.
Frith, U., & Frith, C. D. (2001). The biological basis of social interaction. Current Directions in Psychological Science, 10, 151–155. CrossRef
Happé, F., & Frith, U. (2006). The weak coherence account: Detail-focused cognitive style in autism spectrum disorders. Journal of Autism and Developmental Disorders, 37(1), 5–25. CrossRef
Hashimoto, H. (1966). A phenomenal analysis of social perception. Journal of Child Development, 2, 1–16.
Heider, F., & Simmel, M. (1944). An experimental study of apparent behavior. American Journal of Psychology, 57, 243–259. CrossRef
Herrington, J. D., Baron-Cohen, S., Wheelwright, S. J., Singh, K. D., Bullmore, E. T., Brammer, M., et al. (2007). The role of MT+/V5 during biological motion perception in Asperger Syndrome: An fMRI study. Research in Autism Spectrum Disorders, 1(1), 14–27. CrossRef
Johnson, C. R., & Rakison, D. H. (2006). Early categorization of animate/inanimate concepts in young children with autism. Journal of Developmental and Physical Disabilities, 18(2), 73–89. CrossRef
Kanner, L. (1943). Autistic disturbances of affective contact. Nervous Child, 2, 217–250.
Klein, A. M., Zwickel, J., Prinz, W., & Frith, U. (2009). Animated triangles: An eye tracking investigation. Quarterly Journal of Experimental Psychology, 62(6), 1189–1197. CrossRef
Klin, A. (2000). Attributing social meaning to ambiguous visual stimuli in higher-functioning autism and Asperger syndrome: The Social Attribution Task. Journal of Child Psychology and Psychiatry and Allied Disciplines, 41, 831–846. CrossRef
Lord, C., Risi, S., Lambrecht, L., Cook, E. H., Leventhal, B. L., DiLavore, P. C., et al. (2000). The autism diagnostic observation schedule-generic: A standard measure of social and communication deficits associated with the spectrum of autism. Journal of Autism and Developmental Disorders, 30, 205–223. PubMedCrossRef
McKay, L. S., McAleer, P., Simmons, D. R., Marjoram, D., Piggot, J. & Pollick, F. P. (2010) Distinct configural processing networks reveal differences in biological motion processing in ASD. Organization for Human Brain Mapping—Annual Meeting, Barcelona, June 6-10.
Michotte, A. (1963). The perception of causality. Oxford: Basic Books.
Moore, D. G., Hobson, R. P., & Lee, A. (1997). Components of person perception: An investigation with autistic, non-autistic retarded and typically developing children and adolescents. British Journal of Developmental Psychology, 15, 401–423. CrossRef
Rime, B. (1985). The perception of interpersonal emotions originated by patterns of movement. Motivation and Emotion, 9, 241–260. CrossRef
Rutherford, M. D., Pennington, B. F., & Rogers, S. J. (2006). The perception of animacy in young children with autism. Journal of Autism and Developmental Disorders, 36, 893–992. CrossRef
Szego, P., & Rutherford, M. D. (2008). Dissociating the perception of speed and the perception of animacy: A functional approach. Evolution and Human Behavior, 29(5), 335–342. CrossRef
Westfall, P. H., & Young, S. S. (1989). p-value adjustment for multiple tests in multivariate binomial models. Journal of American Statistical Association, 84, 780. CrossRef
Zacks, J. M. (2004). Using movement and intentions to understand simple events. Cognitive Science, 28, 979–1008. CrossRef
- Intention Perception in High Functioning People with Autism Spectrum Disorders Using Animacy Displays Derived from Human Actions
Jim W. Kay
Frank E. Pollick
M. D. Rutherford
- Springer US