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Gepubliceerd in: Journal of Youth and Adolescence 1/2015

01-01-2015 | Empirical Research

Integrating Beck’s Cognitive Model and the Response Style Theory in an Adolescent Sample

Auteurs: Stephanie Winkeljohn Black, Patrick Pössel

Gepubliceerd in: Journal of Youth and Adolescence | Uitgave 1/2015

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Abstract

Depression becomes more prevalent as individuals progress from childhood to adulthood. Thus, empirically supported and popular cognitive vulnerability theories to explain depression in adulthood have begun to be tested in younger age groups, particularly adolescence, a time of significant cognitive development. Beck’s cognitive theory and the response style theory are well known, empirically supported theories of depression. The current, two-wave longitudinal study (N = 462; mean age = 16.01 years; SD = 0.69; 63.9 % female) tested various proposed integrative models of Beck’s cognitive theory and the response style theory, as well as the original theories themselves, to determine if and how these cognitive vulnerabilities begin to intertwine in adolescence. Of the integrative models tested—all with structural equation modeling in AMOS 21—the best-fitting integrative model was a moderation model wherein schemata influenced rumination, and rumination then influenced other cognitive variables in Beck’s model. Findings revealed that this integrated model fit the data better than the response style theory and explained 1.2 % more variance in depressive symptoms. Additionally, multigroup analyses comparing the fit of the best-fitting integrated model across adolescents with clinical and subclinical depressive symptoms revealed that the model was not stable between these two subsamples. However, of the hypotheses relevant to the integrative model, only 1 of the 18 associations was significantly different between the clinical and subclinical samples. Regardless, the integrated model was not superior to the more parsimonious model from Beck’s cognitive theory. Implications and limitations are discussed.
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Metagegevens
Titel
Integrating Beck’s Cognitive Model and the Response Style Theory in an Adolescent Sample
Auteurs
Stephanie Winkeljohn Black
Patrick Pössel
Publicatiedatum
01-01-2015
Uitgeverij
Springer US
Gepubliceerd in
Journal of Youth and Adolescence / Uitgave 1/2015
Print ISSN: 0047-2891
Elektronisch ISSN: 1573-6601
DOI
https://doi.org/10.1007/s10964-013-0087-2