Swipe om te navigeren naar een ander artikel
Attentional fixation is a cognitive process characterized by a narrowing of attention on and preoccupation with suicide as the only solution to one’s problems. The present study sought to investigate the experience of attentional fixation on suicide by establishing the psychometric properties of the Attentional Fixation on Suicide Experiences Questionnaire (AFSEQ) in a sample of 64 patients who recently attempted suicide. The AFSEQ evidenced strong psychometric properties, including good internal consistency and construct validity through moderate correlations with measures of suicidal ideation, depressive symptoms, and suicide-relevant cognitive distortions. In addition, an exploratory factor analysis of the AFSEQ identified two factors: Cognitive Dysfunction and Cognitive Stuckness. Results suggest the AFSEQ is a reliable method for assessing the experience of attentional fixation in relation to suicide. We propose future research to further examine attentional fixation as a proximal risk factor for suicidal behavior.
Log in om toegang te krijgen
Met onderstaand(e) abonnement(en) heeft u direct toegang:
Beck, A. T. (1988). Cognitive approaches to panic disorder: theory and therapy. In S. Rachman & J. D. Maser (Eds.), Panic: Psychological perspectives (pp. 91–109). Hillsdale: Erlbaum.
Beck, A. T., Emery, G., & Greenberg, R. L. (2005). Anxiety disorders and phobias: A cognitive perpective. New York: Basic Books.
Beck, A. T., Schuyler, D., & Herman, I. (1974). Development of suicidal intent scales. In A. T. Beck, H. L. Resnik, & D. J. Lettieri (Eds.), The prediction of suicide (pp. 45–56). Oxford: Charles Press Publishers.
Beck, A. T., Steer, R. A., & Brown, G. K. (1996). Manual for the BDI-II. San Antonio: The Psychological Corporation.
Cattell, R. B. (1966). The scree test for the number of factors. Multivariate Behavourial Research, 1, 245–276. CrossRef
Clark, L. A., & Watson, D. (1995). Constructing validity: Basic issues in objective scale development. Psychological Assessment, 7, 309–319. CrossRef
Fabrigar, L. R., Wegener, D. T., MacCallum, R. C., & Strahan, E. J. (1999). Evaluating the use of exploratory factor analysis in psychological research. Psychological Methods, 4, 272–299. CrossRef
Jobes, D. A., & Nelson, K. N. (2006). Shneidman’s contributions to the understanding of suicidal thinking. In T. E. Ellis (Ed.), Cognition and suicide: Theory, research, and therapy (pp. 29–49). Washington, DC: American Psychological Association. CrossRef
Kaiser, H. F. (1970). A second generation little jiffy. Psychometrika, 35, 401–415. CrossRef
Mieczkowski, T. A., Sweeney, J. A., Haas, G. L., Junker, B. W., Brown, R. P., & Mann, J. J. (1993). Factor composition of the suicide intent scale. Suicide and Life-Threatening Behavior, 23, 37–45. PubMed
Moscicki, E. K. (2001). Epidemiology of completed and attempted suicide: toward a framework for prevention. Clinical Neuroscience Research, 1, 310–323. CrossRef
O’Connor, B. P. (2000). SPSS and SAS programs for determining the number of components using parallel analysis and Velicer’s MAP test. Behaviour Research Methods and Instrumentation, 32, 396–402. CrossRef
Schneidman, E. S. (1993). Suicide as psychache: A clinical approach to self-destructive behavior. Northvale: Aronson.
Velicer, W. F. (1976). Determining the number of components from the matrix of partial correlations. Psychometrika, 41, 321–327. CrossRef
Wenzel, A., & Beck, A. T. (2008). A cognitive model of suicidal behavior: Theory and treatment. Applied and Preventive Psychology, 12, 189–201. CrossRef
Wenzel, A., Brown, G. K., & Beck, A. T. (2009). Cognitive therapy for suicidal patients: Scientific and clinical applications. Washington, DC: American Psychological Association. CrossRef
Wenzel, A., Sharp, I. R., Sokol, L., & Beck, A. T. (2006). Attentional fixation in panic disorder. Cognitive Behavior Therapy, 35, 65–73. CrossRef
Yurica, C. L. (2002). Inventory of cognitive distortions: Development and validation of a psychometric test for the measurement of cognitive distortions. Unpublished doctoral dissertation, Philadelphia College of Osteopathic Medicine. Pennsylvania, PA.
- Initial Psychometric Properties of the Attentional Fixation on Suicide Experiences Questionnaire
Kelly L. Green
Gregory K. Brown
Aaron T. Beck
- Springer US