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Gepubliceerd in: Psychological Research 2/2017

04-02-2016 | Original Article

Influence of verbal instructions on effect-based action control

Auteurs: Andreas B. Eder, David Dignath

Gepubliceerd in: Psychological Research | Uitgave 2/2017

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Abstract

According to ideomotor theory, people use bidirectional associations between movements and their effects for action selection and initiation. Our experiments examined how verbal instructions of action effects influence response selection without prior experience of action effects in a separate acquisition phase. Instructions for different groups of participants specified whether they should ignore, attend, learn, or intentionally produce acoustic effects produced by button presses. Results showed that explicit instructions of action–effect relations trigger effect-congruent action tendencies in the first trials following the instruction; in contrast, no evidence for effect-based action control was observed in these trials when instructions were to ignore or to attend to the action effects. These findings show that action-effect knowledge acquired through verbal instruction and direct experience is similarly effective for effect-based action control as long as the relation between the movement and the effect is clearly spelled out in the instruction.

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Metagegevens
Titel
Influence of verbal instructions on effect-based action control
Auteurs
Andreas B. Eder
David Dignath
Publicatiedatum
04-02-2016
Uitgeverij
Springer Berlin Heidelberg
Gepubliceerd in
Psychological Research / Uitgave 2/2017
Print ISSN: 0340-0727
Elektronisch ISSN: 1430-2772
DOI
https://doi.org/10.1007/s00426-016-0745-6