Swipe om te navigeren naar een ander artikel
Initiation of joint attention is a critical developmental function related to further social communicative development in infancy. Joint attention appears to be impaired very early in life for children with autism spectrum disorder (ASD), well before a formal diagnosis is established. To observe the early development of joint attention, we prospectively followed infant siblings at high risk for ASD (HR) and low-risk (LR) infants. Initiations of joint attention behaviors were coded with respect to frequency, quality, and variety from videos taken during the administration of the Autism Observation Schedule for Infants. Participants were further stratified based on the presence of ASD (n = 17) or language delay (n = 19) at 3 years of age. Our results revealed that initiations of joint attention are impaired from 12 months of age in both children with ASD and those with language delay, especially for use of gestures (i.e., showing and pointing). At 18 months, fewer initiations of joint attention in all three dimensions distinguished infants with ASD, compared to infants with language delay and HR and LR infants without a diagnosis. Beyond the definition of initiation of joint attention as an early sign for ASD, clinical implications of these results concern the importance of intervening on frequency, quality, and variety of joint attention as early as possible in infants at heightened risk for ASD.
Log in om toegang te krijgen
Met onderstaand(e) abonnement(en) heeft u direct toegang:
American Psychiatric Association. (2000). Diagnostic and statistical manual of mental disorders (4th ed text rev; DSM-IV-TR). Washington, DC: Author.
American Psychiatric Association. (2013). Cautionary statement for forensic use of DSM-5. In Diagnostic and statistical manual of mental disorders (5th ed.). doi: https://doi.org/10.1176/appi.books.9780890425596.744053
Bakeman, R., & Adamson, L. B. (1984). Coordinating attention to people and objects in mother-infant and peer-infant interaction. Child Development, 55(4), 1278–1289. https://doi.org/10.2307/1129997.
Baron-Cohen, S., Cox, A., Baird, G., & Swettenham, J. (1996). Psychological markers in the detection of autism in infancy. The British Journal of Psychiatry, 168, 158–163.
Begus, K., & Southgate, V. (2012). Infant pointing serves an interrogative function. Developmental Science, 15(5), 611–617. https://doi.org/10.1111/j.1467-7687.2012.01160.x.
Benjamini, Y., & Hochberg, Y. (1995). Controlling the false discovery rate: A practical and powerful approach to multiple testing. Journal of the Royal Statistical Society, 57, 289–300.
Bhat, A. N., Galloway, J. C., & Landa, R. J. (2010). Social and non-social visual attention patterns and associative learning in infants at risk for autism. Journal of Child Psychology and Psychiatry, 51(9), 989–997.
Bradshaw, J., Steiner, A. M., Gengoux, G., & Koegel, L. K. (2015). Feasibility and effectiveness of very early intervention for infants at-risk for autism spectrum disorder: A systematic review. Journal of Autism and Developmental Disorders, 45(3), 778–794. https://doi.org/10.1007/s10803-014-2235-2.
Bryson, S. E., Zwaigenbaum, L., McDermott, C., Rombough, V., & Brian, J. (2008). The autism observation scale for infants: Scale development and reliability data. Journal of Autism and Developmental Disorders, 38(4), 731–738. https://doi.org/10.1007/s10803-007-0440-y.
Carpenter, M., Nagell, K., & Tomasello, M. (1998). Social cognition, joint attention, and communicative competence from 9 to 15 months of age. Monographs of the Society for Research in Child Development, 63(4), 1–143. https://doi.org/10.2307/1166214.
Carter, A. S., Messinger, D. S., Stone, W. L., Celimli, S., Nahmias, A. S., & Yoder, P. (2011). A randomized controlled trial of Hanen’s “more than words” in toddlers with early autism symptoms. Journal of Child Psychology and Psychiatry, 52(7), 741–752. https://doi.org/10.1111/j.1469-7610.2011.02395.x.
Cassel, T. D., Messinger, D. S., Ibañez, L. V., Haltigan, J. D., Acosta, S. I., & Buchman, A. C. (2007). Early social and emotional communication in the infant siblings of children with autism spectrum disorders: An examination of the broad phenotype. Journal of Autism and Developmental Disorders, 37(1), 122–132. https://doi.org/10.1007/s10803-006-0337-1.
Centers for Disease Control and Prevention. (2014). Prevalence of autism spectrum disorders among children aged 8 years- autism and developmental disabilities monitoring network, eleven sites, United States, 2010. Morbidity and Mortality Weekly Report, 63(2), 1–24.
Charman, T. (2003). Why is joint attention a pivotal skill in autism? Philosophical Transactions of the Royal Society of London. Biological Sciences, 358(1430), 315–324. https://doi.org/10.1098/rstb.2002.1199.
Charman, T., Swettenham, J., & Baron-Cohen, S. (1997). Infants with autism: An investigation of empathy, pretend play, joint attention, and imitation. Developmental Psychology, 33(5), 781–789.
Chawarska, K., Macari, S., & Shic, F. (2013). Decreased spontaneous attention to social scenes in 6-month-old infants later diagnosed with autism spectrum disorders. Biological Psychiatry, 74(3), 195–203. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.biopsych.2012.11.022.
Chevallier, C., Kohls, G., Troiani, V., Brodkin, E. S., & Schultz, R. T. (2012). The social motivation theory of autism. Trends in Cognitive Sciences, 16(4), 231–239. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.tics.2012.02.007.
Cohen, J. (1988). Statistical power analyses for the behavioral sciences (2nd ed.). Hillsdale, NJ: Lawrence Erlbaum Associates.
Daniels, A. M., & Mandell, D. S. (2014). Explaining differences in age at autism spectrum disorder diagnosis: A critical review. Autism, 18(5), 583–597. https://doi.org/10.1177/1362361313480277.
Dawson, G., Toth, K., Abbott, R., Osterling, J., Munson, J., Estes, A., & Liaw, J. (2004). Early social attention impairments in autism: Social orienting, joint attention, and attention to distress. Developmental Psycholgy, 40, 271–283.
Drew, A., Baird, G., Baron-Cohen, S., Cox, A., Slonims, V., Wheelwright, S., Swettenham, J., Berry, B., & Charman, T. (2002). A pilot randomised control trial of a parent training intervention for pre-school children with autism. European Child & Adolescent Psychiatry, 11(6), 266–272. https://doi.org/10.1007/s00787-002-0299-6.
Franchini, M., Armstrong, V., Schaer, M. & Smith, I. (2018). Spontaneous joint attention and related visual attention processes in infants with autism Spectrum disorder: Literature review. Child Neuropsychology, e1-e31.
Gangi, D. N., Ibañez, L. V., & Messinger, D. S. (2014). Joint attention initiation with and without positive affect: Risk group differences and associations with ASD symptoms. Journal of Autism and Developmental Disorders, 44(6), 1414–1424. https://doi.org/10.1007/s10803-013-2002-9.
Gillespie-Lynch, K. (2013). Response to and initiation of joint attention: overlapping but distinct roots of development in autism? OA Autism, 1(2). doi: https://doi.org/10.13172/2052-7810-1-2-596
Goldberg, W. A., Jarvis, K. L., Osann, K., Laulhere, T. M., Straub, C., Thomas, E., Filipek, P., & Spence, M. A. (2005). Brief report: Early social communication behaviors in the younger siblings of children with autism. Journal of Autism and Developmental Disorders, 35(5), 657–664. https://doi.org/10.1007/s10803-005-0009-6.
Gotham, K., Pickles, A., & Lord, C. (2009). Standardizing ADOS scores for a measure of severity in autism spectrum disorders. Journal of Autism and Developmental Disorders, 39(5), 693–705.
Ibañez, L. V., Grantz, C. J., & Messinger, D. S. (2013). The development of referential communication and autism symptomatology in high-risk infants. Infancy, 18(5), 687–707. https://doi.org/10.1111/j.1532-7078.2012.00142.x.
Jones, E. J. H., Gliga, T., Bedford, R., Charman, T., & Johnson, M. H. (2014). Developmental pathways to autism: A review of prospective studies of infants at risk. Neuroscience & Biobehavioral Reviews, 39, 1–33. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.neubiorev.2013.12.001.
Kasari, C., Gulsrud, A., Freeman, S., Paparella, T., & Hellemann, G. (2012). Longitudinal follow-up of children with autism receiving targeted interventions on joint attention and play. Journal of the American Academy of Child and Adolescent Psychiatry, 51(5), 487–495. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.jaac.2012.02.019.
Landa, R., & Garrett-Mayer, E. (2006). Development in infants with autism spectrum disorders: A prospective study. Journal of Child Psychology and Psychiatry, 47, 629–638.
Landa, R. J., Gross, A. L., Stuart, E. A., & Faherty, A. (2013). Developmental trajectories in children with and without autism spectrum disorders: The first 3 years. Child Development, 84(2), 429–442. https://doi.org/10.1111/j.1467-8624.2012.01870.x.
Leezenbaum, N. B., Campbell, S. B., Butler, D., & Iverson, J. M. (2013). Maternal verbal responses to communication of infants at low and heightened risk of autism. Autism, 18(6), 694–703. https://doi.org/10.1177/1362361313491327.
Lord, C., Risi, S., Lambrecht, L., Cook, E. H., Leventhal, B. L., DiLavore, P. C., et al. (2000). The autism diagnostic observation schedule–generic: A standard measure of social and communicative deficits associated with the spectrum of autism. Journal of Autism and Developmental Disorders, 30, 205–223.
Lord C., Rutter M., DiLavore P. C., Risi S., Gotham K. & Bishop S.L. (2012). Autism diagnostic observation schedule, ( 2nd ed, ADOS-2). Los Angeles, California: Western Psychological Services.
Macari, S. L., Campbell, D., Gengoux, G. W., Saulnier, C. A., Klin, A. J., & Chawarska, K. (2012). Predicting developmental status from 12 to 24 months in infants at risk for autism spectrum disorder: A preliminary report. Journal of Autism and Developmental Disorders, 42(12), 2636–2647. https://doi.org/10.1007/s10803-012-1521-0.
McHugh, M. L. (2012). Interrater reliability: The kappa statistic. Biochemia medica, 22(3), 276–282.
Merin, N., Young, G. S., Ozonoff, S., & Rogers, S. J. (2006). Visual fixation patterns during reciprocal social interaction distinguish a subgroup of 6-month-old infants at-risk for autism from comparison infants. Journal of Autism and Developmental Disorders, 37(1), 108–121. https://doi.org/10.1007/s10803-006-0342-4.
Morales, M., Mundy, P., Delgado, C. E. F., Yale, M., Messinger, D., Neal, R., & Schwartz, H. K. (2000). Responding to joint attention across the 6- through 24-month age period and early language acquisition. Journal of Applied Developmental Psychology, 21(3), 283–298. https://doi.org/10.1016/S0193-3973(99)00040-4.
Mullen, E. M. (1995). Mullen scales of early learning. Circle Pines, MN: American Guidance.
Mundy, P. (2016). Autism and joint attention: Development, neuroscience, and clinical fundamentals. New York: Guilford Press.
Mundy, P. (2017). A review of joint attention and social-cognitive brain systems in typical development and autism spectrum disorder. The European Journal of Neuroscience, 27(4), 409–420. https://doi.org/10.1111/ejn.13720.
Mundy, P., & Newell, L. (2007). Attention, joint attention, and social cognition. Current Directions in Psychological Science, 16(5), 269–274. https://doi.org/10.1111/j.1467-8721.2007.00518.x.
Mundy, P., Sigman, M., Ungerer, J., & Sherman, T. (1986). Defining the social deficits of autism: The contribution of non-verbal communication measures. Journal of Child Psychology and Psychiatry, 27(5), 657–669. https://doi.org/10.1111/j.1469-7610.1986.tb00190.x.
Mundy, P., Sigman, M., & Kasari, C. (1990). A longitudinal study of joint attention and language development in autistic children. Journal of Autism and Developmental Disorders, 20(1), 115–128.
Mundy, P., Delgado, C., Block, J., & Venezia, M. (2003). Early social communication scales (ESCS). Coral Gables.
Mundy, P., Block, J., Delgado, C., Pomares, Y., Van Hecke, A. V., & Parlade, M. V. (2007). Individual differences and the development of joint attention in infancy. Child Development, 78(3), 938–954. https://doi.org/10.1111/j.1467-8624.2007.01042.x.
Mundy, P., Sullivan, L., & Mastergeorge, A. M. (2009). A parallel and distributed-processing model of joint attention, social cognition and autism. Autism Research, 2(1), 2–21. https://doi.org/10.1002/aur.61.
Noldus Observer XT (2013). http://www.noldus.com/human-behavior-research/products/the-observer-xt.
Ozonoff, S., Iosif, A.-M., Baguio, F., Cook, I. C., Hill, M. M., Hutman, T., et al. (2010). A prospective study of the emergence of early behavioral signs of autism. Journal of the American Academy of Child and Adolescent Psychiatry, 49(3), 256–66.e1–2.
Ozonoff, S., Young, G. S., Carter, A., Messinger, D., Yirmiya, N., Zwaigenbaum, L., Bryson, S., Carver, L. J., Constantino, J. N., Dobkins, K., Hutman, T., Iverson, J. M., Landa, R., Rogers, S. J., Sigman, M., & Stone, W. L. (2011). Recurrence risk for autism spectrum disorders: A baby siblings research consortium study. Pediatrics, 128(3), e488–e495. https://doi.org/10.1542/peds.2010-2825.
Ozonoff, S., Young, G. S., Belding, A., Hill, M., Hill, A., Hutman, T., et al. (2014). The broader autism phenotype in infancy: When does it emerge? Journal of the American Academy of Child and Adolescent Psychiatry, 53(4), 398–407.e2. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.jaac.2013.12.020.
Parlade, M. V., & Iverson, J. M. (2015). The development of coordinated communication in infants at heightened risk for autism spectrum disorder. Journal of Autism and Developmental Disorders, 45(7), 2218–2234. https://doi.org/10.1007/s10803-015-2391-z.
Rogers, S. J., Estes, A., Lord, C., Vismara, L., Winter, J., Fitzpatrick, A., Guo, M., & Dawson, G. (2012). Effects of a brief early start Denver model (ESDM)–based parent intervention on toddlers at risk for autism spectrum disorders: A randomized controlled trial. Journal of the American Academy of Child and Adolescent Psychiatry, 51(10), 1052–1065. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.jaac.2012.08.003.
Rozga, A., Hutman, T., Young, G. S., Rogers, S. J., Ozonoff, S., Dapretto, M., & Sigman, M. (2011). Behavioral profiles of affected and unaffected siblings of children with autism: Contribution of measures of mother-infant interaction and nonverbal communication. Journal of Autism and Developmental Disorders, 41(3), 287–301. https://doi.org/10.1007/s10803-010-1051-6.
Rutter, M., Le Couteur, A., & Lord, C. (2003). ADI-R: Autism diagnostic interview revised manual. Los Angeles, CA: Western Psychological Services.
Sacrey, L.-A. R., Zwaigenbaum, L., Bryson, S., Brian, J., Smith, I. M., Roberts, W., Szatmari, P., Roncadin, C., Garon, N., Novak, C., Vaillancourt, T., McCormick, T., MacKinnon, B., Jilderda, S., & Armstrong, V. (2015). Can parents' concerns predict autism spectrum disorder? A prospective study of high-risk siblings from 6 to 36 months of age. Journal of the American Academy of Child and Adolescent Psychiatry, 54(6), 470–478. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.jaac.2015.03.014.
Schertz, H. H., & Odom, S. L. (2007). Promoting joint attention in toddlers with autism: A parent-mediated developmental model. Journal of Autism and Developmental Disorders, 37(8), 1562–1575. https://doi.org/10.1007/s10803-006-0290-z.
Wetherby, A. M., & Woods, J. J. (2016). Early social interaction project for children with autism spectrum disorders beginning in the second year of life: A preliminary study. Topics in Early Childhood Special Education, 26(2), 67–82. https://doi.org/10.1177/02711214060260020201.
Winder, B. M., Wozniak, R. H., Parlade, M. V., & Iverson, J. M. (2013). Spontaneous initiation of communication in infants at low and heightened risk for autism spectrum disorders. Developmental Psychology, 49(10), 1931–1942. https://doi.org/10.1037/a0031061.
Young, G. S., Merin, N., Rogers, S. J., & Ozonoff, S. (2009). Gaze behavior and affect at 6 months: Predicting clinical outcomes and language development in typically developing infants and infants at risk for autism. Developmental Science, 12(5), 798–814. https://doi.org/10.1111/j.1467-7687.2009.00833.x.
Zwaigenbaum, L., Bryson, S., Rogers, T., Roberts, W., Brian, J., & Szatmari, P. (2005). Behavioral manifestations of autism in the first year of life. International Journal of Developmental Neuroscience : the Official Journal of the International Society for Developmental Neuroscience, 23(2–3), 143–152. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.ijdevneu.2004.05.001.
Zwaigenbaum, L., Bryson, S. E., Szatmari, P., Brian, J., Smith, I. M., Roberts, W., Vaillancourt, T., & Roncadin, C. (2012). Sex differences in children with autism spectrum disorder identified within a high-risk infant cohort. Journal of Autism and Developmental Disorders, 42(12), 2585–2596. https://doi.org/10.1007/s10803-012-1515-y.
Zwaigenbaum, L., Bryson, S., & Garon, N. (2013). Early identification of autism spectrum disorders. Behavioural Brain Research, 251, 133–146. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.bbr.2013.04.004.
Zwaigenbaum, L., Bauman, M. L., Fein, D., Pierce, K., Buie, T., Davis, P. A., et al. (2015). Early screening of autism spectrum disorder: Recommendations for practice and research. Pediatrics, 136 Suppl 1(supplement), S41–59. https://doi.org/10.1542/peds.2014-3667D.
- Infants at Risk for Autism Spectrum Disorder: Frequency, Quality, and Variety of Joint Attention Behaviors
V. L. Armstrong
L.-A. R. Sacrey
S. E. Bryson
I. M. Smith
- Springer US