Skip to main content
Top

Tip

Swipe om te navigeren naar een ander artikel

Gepubliceerd in: Quality of Life Research 11/2016

20-04-2016

Individuals’ quality of life linked to major life events, perceived social support, and personality traits

Auteurs: Cornelia Pocnet, Jean-Philippe Antonietti, Marie-Pierre F. Strippoli, Jennifer Glaus, Martin Preisig, Jérôme Rossier

Gepubliceerd in: Quality of Life Research | Uitgave 11/2016

Log in om toegang te krijgen
share
DELEN

Deel dit onderdeel of sectie (kopieer de link)

  • Optie A:
    Klik op de rechtermuisknop op de link en selecteer de optie “linkadres kopiëren”
  • Optie B:
    Deel de link per e-mail

Abstract

Purpose

The aim of this study was to investigate the relationship between major recent life events that occurred during the last 5 years, social and personal resources, and subjective quality of life (QoL).

Methods

A total of 1801 participants from the general population (CoLaus/PsyCoLaus study) completed the Life Events Questionnaire, the Social Support Questionnaire, the NEO Five-Factor Inventory Revised, and the Manchester Short Assessment of Quality of Life.

Results

Major life events were modestly associated with the QoL (about 5 % of the explained variance). However, QoL was significantly related to perceived social support and personality traits (about 37 % of the explained variance). Particularly, perceived social support, extraversion and conscientiousness personality dimensions were positively linked to life satisfaction, whereas a high level of neuroticism was negatively associated with QoL.

Conclusion

This study highlights the negative but temporary association between critical events and QoL. However, a combination of high conscientiousness and extraversion, and positive social support may explain better variances for a high-perceived QoL.
Literatuur
1.
go back to reference Hill, M. R., Noonan, V. K., Sakakibara, B. M., Miller, W. C., & the SCIRE Research Team. (2010). Quality of life instruments and definitions in individuals with spinal cord injury: A systematic review. Spinal Cord, 48, 438–450. doi: 10.​1038/​sc.​2009.​164. CrossRefPubMed Hill, M. R., Noonan, V. K., Sakakibara, B. M., Miller, W. C., & the SCIRE Research Team. (2010). Quality of life instruments and definitions in individuals with spinal cord injury: A systematic review. Spinal Cord, 48, 438–450. doi: 10.​1038/​sc.​2009.​164. CrossRefPubMed
5.
go back to reference Headey, B. W., & Wearing, A. (1992). Understanding happiness: A theory of subjective well-being. Melbourne: Longman Cheshire. Headey, B. W., & Wearing, A. (1992). Understanding happiness: A theory of subjective well-being. Melbourne: Longman Cheshire.
9.
go back to reference Diener, E., & Lucas, R. E. (1999). Personality and subjective well-being. In D. Kahneman, E. Diener, & N. Schwarz (Eds.), Well-being: The foundations of hedonic psychology (pp. 213–229). New York: Russell Sage Foundation. Diener, E., & Lucas, R. E. (1999). Personality and subjective well-being. In D. Kahneman, E. Diener, & N. Schwarz (Eds.), Well-being: The foundations of hedonic psychology (pp. 213–229). New York: Russell Sage Foundation.
12.
go back to reference Oliver, J. E., Mansell, A., & Jose, P. E. (2010). A longitudinal study of the role of negative affectivity on the work stressor-strain process. International Journal of Stress Management, 17, 56–77. doi: 10.​1037/​a0017696. CrossRef Oliver, J. E., Mansell, A., & Jose, P. E. (2010). A longitudinal study of the role of negative affectivity on the work stressor-strain process. International Journal of Stress Management, 17, 56–77. doi: 10.​1037/​a0017696. CrossRef
15.
17.
go back to reference Kessler, R. C. (1992). Perceived support and adjustment to stress: Methodological considerations. In H. O. F. Veiel & U. Baumann (Eds.), The Meaning and Measurement of Social Support. New-York: Hemisphere Publishing. Kessler, R. C. (1992). Perceived support and adjustment to stress: Methodological considerations. In H. O. F. Veiel & U. Baumann (Eds.), The Meaning and Measurement of Social Support. New-York: Hemisphere Publishing.
20.
go back to reference Lüdtke, O., Roberts, B. W., Trautwein, U., & Nagy, G. (2011). A random walk down university avenue: Life paths, life events, and personality trait change at the transition to university life. Journal of Personality and Social Psychology, 101(3), 620–637. doi: 10.​1037/​a0023743. CrossRefPubMedPubMedCentral Lüdtke, O., Roberts, B. W., Trautwein, U., & Nagy, G. (2011). A random walk down university avenue: Life paths, life events, and personality trait change at the transition to university life. Journal of Personality and Social Psychology, 101(3), 620–637. doi: 10.​1037/​a0023743. CrossRefPubMedPubMedCentral
21.
go back to reference Specht, J., Egloff, B., & Schmukle, S. C. (2011). Stability and change of personality across the life course: The impact of age and major life events on mean-level and rank-order stability of the Big Five. Journal of Personality and Social Psychology, 101(4), 862–882. doi: 10.​1037/​a0024950. CrossRefPubMed Specht, J., Egloff, B., & Schmukle, S. C. (2011). Stability and change of personality across the life course: The impact of age and major life events on mean-level and rank-order stability of the Big Five. Journal of Personality and Social Psychology, 101(4), 862–882. doi: 10.​1037/​a0024950. CrossRefPubMed
22.
go back to reference McCrae, R. R., & Costa, P. T, Jr. (2003). Personality in adulthood: A five-factor theory perspective (2nd ed.). New York: Guilford Press. CrossRef McCrae, R. R., & Costa, P. T, Jr. (2003). Personality in adulthood: A five-factor theory perspective (2nd ed.). New York: Guilford Press. CrossRef
24.
go back to reference Lucas, R. E., & Diener, E. (2015). Personality and subjective well-being: Current issues and controversies. In M. Mikulincer & P. R. Shaver (Eds.), Washington. DC: American Psychological Association. Lucas, R. E., & Diener, E. (2015). Personality and subjective well-being: Current issues and controversies. In M. Mikulincer & P. R. Shaver (Eds.), Washington. DC: American Psychological Association.
25.
go back to reference Lockenhoff, C. E., Terracciano, A., Patriciu, N. S., Eaton, W. W., & Costa, P. T. (2009). Self-reported extremely adverse life events and longitudinal changes in Five-Factor Model personality traits in an urban sample. Journal of Traumatic Stress, 22(1), 53–59. doi: 10.​1002/​jts.​20385. CrossRefPubMedPubMedCentral Lockenhoff, C. E., Terracciano, A., Patriciu, N. S., Eaton, W. W., & Costa, P. T. (2009). Self-reported extremely adverse life events and longitudinal changes in Five-Factor Model personality traits in an urban sample. Journal of Traumatic Stress, 22(1), 53–59. doi: 10.​1002/​jts.​20385. CrossRefPubMedPubMedCentral
26.
go back to reference Firmann, M., Mayor, V., Marques-Vidal, P., Bochud, M., Pécoud, A., Hayoz, D., et al. (2008). The PsyCoLaus study: A population-based study to investigate the epidemiology and genetic determinants of cardiovascular risk factors and metabolic syndrome. Bio-Medical Central Cardiovascular Disorders, 8, 6. doi: 10.​1186/​1471-2261-8-6. CrossRef Firmann, M., Mayor, V., Marques-Vidal, P., Bochud, M., Pécoud, A., Hayoz, D., et al. (2008). The PsyCoLaus study: A population-based study to investigate the epidemiology and genetic determinants of cardiovascular risk factors and metabolic syndrome. Bio-Medical Central Cardiovascular Disorders, 8, 6. doi: 10.​1186/​1471-2261-8-6. CrossRef
27.
go back to reference Preisig, M., Waeber, G., Vollenweider, P., Bovet, P., Rothen, S., Vandeleur, C., et al. (2009). The PsyCoLaus study: Methodology and characteristics of the sample of a population-based survey on psychiatric disorders and their association with genetic and cardiovascular risk factors. Bio-Medical Central Psychiatry. doi: 10.​1186/​1471-244X-9-9. Preisig, M., Waeber, G., Vollenweider, P., Bovet, P., Rothen, S., Vandeleur, C., et al. (2009). The PsyCoLaus study: Methodology and characteristics of the sample of a population-based survey on psychiatric disorders and their association with genetic and cardiovascular risk factors. Bio-Medical Central Psychiatry. doi: 10.​1186/​1471-244X-9-9.
28.
go back to reference Hollingshead, A. A. (1975). Four-factor index of social status. Unpublished manuscript, New Haven, CT: Yale University. Hollingshead, A. A. (1975). Four-factor index of social status. Unpublished manuscript, New Haven, CT: Yale University.
29.
go back to reference Amiel-Lebigre, F. (1985). Questionnaire d’événements [Events questionnaire]. In J. Cottraux, M. Bouvard, & P. Legeron (Eds.), Méthodes et échelles d’évaluation des comportements [Method and scales for assessing behaviors] (pp. 256–258). Issy les Moulineaux: EAP. Amiel-Lebigre, F. (1985). Questionnaire d’événements [Events questionnaire]. In J. Cottraux, M. Bouvard, & P. Legeron (Eds.), Méthodes et échelles d’évaluation des comportements [Method and scales for assessing behaviors] (pp. 256–258). Issy les Moulineaux: EAP.
30.
go back to reference Amiel-Lebigre, F. (1984). Evènements existentiels et dépression: une étude comparative de plusieurs types déprimés. Annales Médico-Psychologiques, 142, 937–958. PubMed Amiel-Lebigre, F. (1984). Evènements existentiels et dépression: une étude comparative de plusieurs types déprimés. Annales Médico-Psychologiques, 142, 937–958. PubMed
32.
go back to reference Denis, A., Callahan, S., & Bouvard, M. (2015). Evaluation of the French version of the Multidimensional Scale of Perceived Social Support during the postpartum period. Matern Child Health Journal, 19, 1245–1251. doi: 10.​1007/​s10995-014-1630-9. CrossRef Denis, A., Callahan, S., & Bouvard, M. (2015). Evaluation of the French version of the Multidimensional Scale of Perceived Social Support during the postpartum period. Matern Child Health Journal, 19, 1245–1251. doi: 10.​1007/​s10995-014-1630-9. CrossRef
34.
go back to reference Aluja, A., García, O., Rossier, J., & García, L. F. (2005). Comparison of the NEO-FFI, the NEO-FFI-R and an alternative short version of the NEO-PI-R (NEO-60) in Swiss AND Spanish samples. Personality and Individual Differences, 38, 591–604. doi: 10.​1016/​j.​paid.​2004.​05.​014. CrossRef Aluja, A., García, O., Rossier, J., & García, L. F. (2005). Comparison of the NEO-FFI, the NEO-FFI-R and an alternative short version of the NEO-PI-R (NEO-60) in Swiss AND Spanish samples. Personality and Individual Differences, 38, 591–604. doi: 10.​1016/​j.​paid.​2004.​05.​014. CrossRef
35.
go back to reference Costa, P. T., & McCrae, R. R. (1992). Revised NEO personality inventory (NEO-PI-R) and NEO-five-factor (NEO-FFI) professional manual. Odessa, FL: Psychological Assessment Resources. Costa, P. T., & McCrae, R. R. (1992). Revised NEO personality inventory (NEO-PI-R) and NEO-five-factor (NEO-FFI) professional manual. Odessa, FL: Psychological Assessment Resources.
37.
go back to reference Oliver, J., Huxley, P., Priebe, S., & Kaiser, W. (1997). Measuring the quality of life of severely ill people using the Lancashire Quality of Life Profile. Social Psychiatry and Psychiatric Epidemiology, 32, 76–83. doi: 10.​1007/​BF00788924. CrossRefPubMed Oliver, J., Huxley, P., Priebe, S., & Kaiser, W. (1997). Measuring the quality of life of severely ill people using the Lancashire Quality of Life Profile. Social Psychiatry and Psychiatric Epidemiology, 32, 76–83. doi: 10.​1007/​BF00788924. CrossRefPubMed
38.
go back to reference Development Core Team, R. (2009). R: A language and environment for statistical computing. Vienna, Austria: R Foundation for Statistical Computing. Development Core Team, R. (2009). R: A language and environment for statistical computing. Vienna, Austria: R Foundation for Statistical Computing.
39.
go back to reference Holm, S. (1979). A simple sequentially rejective multiple test procedure. Scandinavian Journal of Statistics, 6, 65–70. Holm, S. (1979). A simple sequentially rejective multiple test procedure. Scandinavian Journal of Statistics, 6, 65–70.
40.
go back to reference Bretz, F., Hothorn, T., & Westfall, P. (2011). Multiple comparisons using R. Boca Raton, FL: Chapman & Hall/CRC. Bretz, F., Hothorn, T., & Westfall, P. (2011). Multiple comparisons using R. Boca Raton, FL: Chapman & Hall/CRC.
41.
go back to reference Hartigan, J. A., & Wong, M. A. (1979). A K-means clustering algorithm. Applied Statistics, 28, 100–108. CrossRef Hartigan, J. A., & Wong, M. A. (1979). A K-means clustering algorithm. Applied Statistics, 28, 100–108. CrossRef
42.
go back to reference Lord, F. M., & Novick, M. R. (1968). Statistical theories of mental test scores. Reading, MA: Addison-Wesley. Lord, F. M., & Novick, M. R. (1968). Statistical theories of mental test scores. Reading, MA: Addison-Wesley.
47.
go back to reference Zhung, R.-P., & Tsingan, L. (2014). Extraversion and neuroticism mediate associations between openness, conscientiousness and agreeableness and affective well-being. Journal of Happiness Studies, 15, 1377–1388. doi: 10.​1007/​s10902-013-9482-3. CrossRef Zhung, R.-P., & Tsingan, L. (2014). Extraversion and neuroticism mediate associations between openness, conscientiousness and agreeableness and affective well-being. Journal of Happiness Studies, 15, 1377–1388. doi: 10.​1007/​s10902-013-9482-3. CrossRef
48.
go back to reference Matthews, G., & Zeidner, M. (2004). Traits, states and the trilogy of mind: An adaptive states perspective on intellectual functioning. In D. Y. Dai & R. J. Sternberg (Eds.), Motivation, emotion and cognition: Integrative perspectives on intellectual functioning and development (pp. 143–174). Mahwah: Lawrence Erlbaum. Matthews, G., & Zeidner, M. (2004). Traits, states and the trilogy of mind: An adaptive states perspective on intellectual functioning. In D. Y. Dai & R. J. Sternberg (Eds.), Motivation, emotion and cognition: Integrative perspectives on intellectual functioning and development (pp. 143–174). Mahwah: Lawrence Erlbaum.
49.
go back to reference Johnston, C. S., Maggiori, C., & Rossier, J. (2015). Professional trajectories individual characteristics and staying satisfied and healthy. Journal of Career Development. doi: 10.​1177/​0894845315584161​. Johnston, C. S., Maggiori, C., & Rossier, J. (2015). Professional trajectories individual characteristics and staying satisfied and healthy. Journal of Career Development. doi: 10.​1177/​0894845315584161​.
50.
go back to reference Rossier, J. (2015). Personality and career interventions. In P. J. Hartung, M. L. Savickas, & W. B. Walsh (Eds.), Handbook of career intervention: Foundations (pp. 327–350). Washington, DC: American Psychological Association. CrossRef Rossier, J. (2015). Personality and career interventions. In P. J. Hartung, M. L. Savickas, & W. B. Walsh (Eds.), Handbook of career intervention: Foundations (pp. 327–350). Washington, DC: American Psychological Association. CrossRef
51.
go back to reference Rossier, J. (2015). Career adaptability and life designing. In L. Nota & J. Rossier (Eds.), Handbook of life design: From practice to theory and from theory to practice (pp. 153–167). Göttingen: Hogrefe. Rossier, J. (2015). Career adaptability and life designing. In L. Nota & J. Rossier (Eds.), Handbook of life design: From practice to theory and from theory to practice (pp. 153–167). Göttingen: Hogrefe.
Metagegevens
Titel
Individuals’ quality of life linked to major life events, perceived social support, and personality traits
Auteurs
Cornelia Pocnet
Jean-Philippe Antonietti
Marie-Pierre F. Strippoli
Jennifer Glaus
Martin Preisig
Jérôme Rossier
Publicatiedatum
20-04-2016
Uitgeverij
Springer International Publishing
Gepubliceerd in
Quality of Life Research / Uitgave 11/2016
Print ISSN: 0962-9343
Elektronisch ISSN: 1573-2649
DOI
https://doi.org/10.1007/s11136-016-1296-4

Andere artikelen Uitgave 11/2016

Quality of Life Research 11/2016 Naar de uitgave