Swipe om te navigeren naar een ander artikel
This research was funded by the European Community’s Seventh Framework Programme (FP7-PEOPLE-2007-4-3-IRG) under grant agreement n° 224903
Conduct problems (CP) and callous-unemotional (CU) traits can have a long-lasting negative impact into adulthood. Importantly, among youth with CP, those high on CU traits engage in a more severe, aggressive, and persistent pattern of antisocial behavior. The current study investigates the co-occurrence between CP and CU traits among a large sample of Greek-Cypriot adolescents (N = 1,674; 50.1 % girls). Five distinct groups were identified with Latent Profile Analysis: low risk (48.7 %), average risk (33.8 %), co-occurring high CP-high CU (5.4 %), high CP-low CU (5.2 %), and low CP-high CU (6.9 %). Although more boys were identified in the higher risk groups, boys and girls within each group were not differentiated on levels of CP or CU traits during early adolescence. Youth in the identified groups were compared on early (Mean age = 12.12) and middle (Mean age = 14.02) adolescence individual and contextual factors. Youth with high CP-high CU were at higher risk for behavioral (bullying and substance use), individual (inattention, impulsivity, narcissism), and contextual (low family-support) problems compared to youth in the high CP-low CU and low CP-high CU groups, providing evidence that the combination of CP and CU traits might constitute a pathological group. These findings demonstrate the usefulness of sub-typing CP based on CU traits for the forthcoming fifth edition of the Diagnostic and Statistical Manual. Additional novel findings suggested that adolescents scoring high on CP, irrespective of CU, were not differentiated on hyperactivity, victimization, and anxiety/depression, and adolescents scoring high on CU traits, with or without CP, reported similar low levels of self-esteem and peer and family social-support.
Log in om toegang te krijgen
Met onderstaand(e) abonnement(en) heeft u direct toegang:
Achenbach, T. M. (1991). Integrative guide for the 1991 CBCL14-18, YSR and TRF profiles. Burlington: University of Vermont, Department of Psychiatry.
Andershed, H., Gustafson, S. B., Kerr, M., & Stattin, H. (2002). The usefulness of self-reported psychopathy-like traits in the study of antisocial behaviour among non-referred adolescents. European Journal of Personality, 16(5), 383–402. CrossRef
Barry, C. T., Frick, P. J., & Killian, A. L. (2003). The relation of narcissism and self-esteem to conduct problems in children: A preliminary investigation. Journal of Clinical Child and Adolescent Psychology, 32(1), 139–152. PubMed
Cillessen, A. H. N., & Rose, A. J. (2005). Understanding popularity in the peer system. Current Directions in Psychological Science, 14(2), 102–105. CrossRef
Colledge, E., & Blair, R. J. R. (2001). The relationship in children between the inattention and impulsivity components of attention deficit and hyperactivity disorder and psychopathic tendencies. Personality and Individual Differences, 30(7), 1175–1187. CrossRef
Fanti, K. A., & Avraamides, M. (2011). Desensitization to media violence. In M. Paludi (Ed.), The psychology of teen violence and victimization (pp. 121–133). Santa Barbara: Praeger.
Fanti, K. A., & Kimonis, E. (2012). Bullying and victimization: the role of conduct problems and psychopathic traits. Journal of Research on Adolescence. doi: 10.1111/j.1532-7795.2012.00809.
Fanti, K. A., Brookmeyer, K. A., Henrich, C. C., & Kuperminc, G. (2009). Aggressive behavior and quality of friendships: linear and curvilinear associations. Journal of Early Adolescence, 29(6), 826–838. CrossRef
Fanti, K. A., Demetriou, A., & Hawa, V. (2012). A longitudinal study of cyber-bullying: risk and protective factors. The European Journal of Developmental Psychology, 9(2), 168–181. CrossRef
Frick, P. J. (2004). The inventory of callous-unemotional traits. Unpublished rating scale.
Frick, P. J., & Dantagnan, A. (2005). Predicting the stability of conduct problems in children with and without callous-unemotional traits. Journal of Child and Family Studies, 14, 469–485. CrossRef
Frick, P. J., & Hare, R. D. (2001). The antisocial process screening device. Toronto: Multi-Health Systems.
Frick, P. J., & Moffitt, T. E. (2010). A proposal to the DSM-V childhood disorders and the ADHD and disruptive behavior disorders work groups to include a specifier to the diagnosis of conduct disorder based on the presence of callous-unemotional traits. Washington, DC: APA.
Frick, P. J., Kimonis, E. R., Dandreaux, D. M., & Farell, J. M. (2003). The 4 year stability of psychopathic traits in non-referred youth. Behavioral Sciences & the Law, 21(6), 713–736. CrossRef
Frick, P. J., Barry, C. T., & Kamphaus, R. W. (2010). Clinical Assessment of Child and Adolescent Personality and Behavior (Vol. 3). New York.
Gadow, K., & Sprafkin, J. (1997). Adolescent symptom inventory-4 screening manual. Stony Brook: Checkmate Plus.
Kimonis, E. R., Frick, P. J., Fazekas, H., & Loney, B. R. (2006). Psychopathy, aggression, and the processing of emotional stimuli in non-referred girls and boys. Behavioral Sciences & the Law, 24(1), 21–37. CrossRef
Kimonis, E. R., Skeem, J. L., Cauffman, E., & Dmitrieva, J. (2011). Are secondary variants of juvenile psychopathy more reactively violent and less psychosocially mature than primary variants? Law and Human Behavior; Law and Human Behavior, 35(5), 381–391. CrossRef
Lo, Y., Mendell, N. R., & Rubin, D. B. (2001). Testing the number of components in a normal mixture. Biometrika, 88, 767–778. CrossRef
Marsee, M. A., Silverthorn, P., & Frick, P. J. (2005). The association of psychopathic traits with aggression and delinquency in non-referred boys and girls. Behavioral Sciences & the Law, 23(6), 803–817. CrossRef
Muthén, B. (2000). Methodological issues in random coefficient growth modeling using a latent variable framework: Applications to the development of heavy drinking. In J. Rose, L. Chassin, C. Presson, & J. Sherman (Eds.), Multivariate applications in substance use research (pp. 113–140). Hillsdale: Erlbaum.
Muthén, L. K., & Muthén, B. (2010). Mplus user’s guide. Los Angeles: Muthén & Muthén.
Nagin, D. S. (2005). Group-based modeling of development. Cambridge: Harvard University Press.
Nylund, K. L., Asparouhov, T., & Muthen, B. (2007). Deciding on the number of classes in latent class analysis and growth mixture modeling. A Monte Carlo simulation study. Structural Equation Modeling, 14, 535–569. CrossRef
Pakaslahti, L., & Keltikangas-Jarvinen, L. (2000). Peer-attributed prosocial behavior among aggressive/preferred, aggressive/non-preferred, non-aggressive/preferred and non-aggressive/nonpreferred adolescents. Personality and Individual Differences, 30, 903–916. CrossRef
Rosenberg, M. (1965). Society and the adolescent self-image. Princeton: Princeton University Press.
Roussos, A., Francis, K., Zoubou, V., Kiprianos, S., Prokopiopu, A., & Richardson, C. (2001). The standardization of Achenbach’s Youth Self-Report in Greece in a national sample of high school students. European Journal of Child and Adolescent Psychiatry, 10, 47–53. CrossRef
Silverthorn, P., Frick, P. J., & Reynolds, R. (2001). Timing of onset and correlates of severe conduct problems in adjudicated girls and boys. Journal of Psychopathology and Behavioral Assessment, 23(3), 171–181. CrossRef
Varjas, K., Meyers, J., & Hunt, M. H. (2006). Student survey of bullying behavior –revised 2 (SSBB-R2). Atlanta: Georgia State University, Center for Research on School Safety, School Climate and Classroom Management.
Verona, E., Sadeh, N., & Javdani, S. (2010). The influences of gender and culture on child and adolescent psychopathy. In R. T. Salekin & D. R. Lynam (Eds.), Handbook of child and adolescent psychopathy (pp. 317–342). New York: Guilford Press.
Wymbs, B. T., McCarty, C. A., King, K. M., McCauley, E., Vander Stoep, A., Baer, J., et al. (2012). Callous-unemotional traits as unique prospective risk factors for substance use in adolescent boys and girls. Journal of Abnormal Child Psychology. doi: 10.1007/s10802-012-9628-5. Advance online publication.
Zahn-Waxler, C. (2000). The development of empathy, guilt and the internalization of distress. In R. Davidson (Ed.), Anxiety, depression and emotion (pp. 222–265). New York: Oxford University Press. CrossRef
Zimet, G. D., Dahlem, N. W., Zimet, S. G., & Farley, G. K. (1988). The multidimensional scale of perceived social support. Journal of Personality Assessment, 52, 30–41. CrossRef
- Individual, Social, and Behavioral Factors Associated with Co-Occurring Conduct Problems and Callous-Unemotional Traits
Kostas A. Fanti
- Springer US