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Gepubliceerd in: Journal of Autism and Developmental Disorders 11/2017

02-08-2017 | Original Paper

Increased Prevalence of Unusual Sensory Behaviors in Infants at Risk for, and Teens with, Autism Spectrum Disorder

Auteurs: Hannah M. Van Etten, Maninderjit Kaur, Sudha M. Srinivasan, Shereen J. Cohen, Anjana Bhat, Karen R. Dobkins

Gepubliceerd in: Journal of Autism and Developmental Disorders | Uitgave 11/2017

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Abstract

The current study investigated the prevalence and pattern of unusual sensory behaviors (USBs) in teens with Autism Spectrum Disorder (ASD) and infants (3–36 months) at risk for ASD. From two different sites (UCSD and UConn), caregivers of infants at high (n = 32) and low risk (n = 33) for ASD, and teenagers with (n = 12) and without ASD (n = 11), completed age-appropriate Sensory Profile questionnaires (Infant/Toddler Sensory Profile; Dunn 2002; Adolescent/Adult Sensory Profile; Brown and Dunn 2002). The results show that high-risk infants and teenagers with ASD exhibit higher-than-typical prevalence of USBs. Results of our distribution analyses investigating the direction of sensory atypicalities (greater-than-typical vs. less-than-typical) revealed a fair degree of consistency amongst teens, however, USB patterns were more varied in high-risk infants.
Voetnoten
1
Our results showed very similar effects whether these two teens were included versus excluded, and we therefore decided to include them. Including them was also a conservative decision since the results were somewhat more significant when the two subjects were excluded.
 
2
Note that we could not perform a Monte Carlo simulation for this distribution analysis, since there was no obvious single “observed” group difference value to test in the model (as there was when we computed group difference in “prevalence of atypicalities”, above). We do not, however, expect the unequal time points between high- and low-risk infants to affect the three-category analysis.
 
3
As we mention in the “Introduction”, it is interesting and important to point out that, due to the nature of the quadrant analysis combining data across all perceptual domains, it is possible to get seemingly contradictory results across the different quadrants, for example, atypically high frequencies of both sensation avoiding and sensation seeking. If this had occurred in the data (although it did not), it would presumably be driven by a different pattern of behaviors occurring in the different perceptual domains. For instance, an individual (or group of subjects) could exhibit high frequencies of sensation avoiding behaviors in the auditory domain and high frequencies of sensation seeking behaviors in the visual domain (Dunn 1997).
 
4
Being that the perceptual domains are comprised of questions drawn from the various quadrants, it is difficult to speak to the exact pattern of behaviors that were seen in the perceptual domains for our high-risk sample.
 
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Metagegevens
Titel
Increased Prevalence of Unusual Sensory Behaviors in Infants at Risk for, and Teens with, Autism Spectrum Disorder
Auteurs
Hannah M. Van Etten
Maninderjit Kaur
Sudha M. Srinivasan
Shereen J. Cohen
Anjana Bhat
Karen R. Dobkins
Publicatiedatum
02-08-2017
Uitgeverij
Springer US
Gepubliceerd in
Journal of Autism and Developmental Disorders / Uitgave 11/2017
Print ISSN: 0162-3257
Elektronisch ISSN: 1573-3432
DOI
https://doi.org/10.1007/s10803-017-3227-9